GLIMUN 2013 : Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories
The issue of Israeli settlements has its genesis in the 1967 Six-Day War between Israel and a coalition of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, and allied states. In the course of the overwhelming Israeli victory in that conflict, Israel came into the possession of significant additional territories beyond its prewar borders in the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights. Collectively referred to as the “occupied territories”, these areas were retained initially as bargaining chips and were later fortified and systematically settled so as to provide Israel with a strategic buffer in case of further conflict. This policy of settlement has been responsible for significant tensions between Israel and its Arab neighbors, largely as a result of the social and economic devastation visited upon the current and former Arab residents of the occupied territory.
Israel withdrew from the Sinai in 1982 as part of its rapprochement with Egypt, and from the Gaza Strip unilaterally in 2005. As part of both withdrawals, previously established settlements were evacuated and demolished. However, the majority of the Israeli settlement effort was directed at the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and at the Golan Heights. The West Bank settlement policies, in particular, have been found by the UN Human Rights Council to have a substantial negative impact on surrounding Palestinian communities, ranging from legal and practical restrictions on freedom of movement to discrimination and outright violence due to ethnic and political tensions between settlers and their Palestinian neighbors. The placement of settlements has served to fragment and isolate the Palestinian residents of the West Bank from one another, and in some cases has significantly impeded their access to employment, medical and educational services, and even basic resources such as water. In addition, the expansion of Israeli settlements in the West Bank and in East Jerusalem has resulted in the displacement of thousands of Palestinian families from the area.
UN Security Council Resolution 242, ending the Six-Day War, called for the evacuation of occupied territories and mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity. Israel’s continued occupation of the West Bank and the Golan Heights violates this resolution and, indeed, the annexation of East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights has been declared illegal by the UNSC, and the Israeli High Court of Justice has long held that the occupation of the West Bank is illegal. However, Israel has repeatedly claimed that the occupation and the settlement policy are necessary to ensure its national security, and despite resistance from the High Court and an abortive moratorium on new settlement construction, the settlement policy retains strong popular support within Israel. The settlement question remains perhaps the single greatest obstacle to peace.
In what ways can the international community address Israel’s legitimate security concerns outside the Israeli framework of settlement “buffer zones”? Does Israel have an economic motive for settlement construction, and if so can it be addressed?
Is a total moratorium on new settlement construction an acceptable outcome? Must there be a withdrawal from all settlements? Certain settlements? Is a “land-swap” like the one proposed at the 2000 Camp David summit possible or necessary?
How can the international community address the economic and social impact of the Israeli settlements on the Palestinian communities of the West Bank? Are Palestinians’ human rights being violated? If so, how should the international community respond?
by Harrison Watson representing DPRK from Flint Southwestern Classical Academy:
Israeli Settlement of Occupied Territories
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Delegate: Harrison Watson
For nearly fifty years, beginning with the Six-Day War in 1967, the Israeli state has been occupying territories in West Bank, Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem, and Golan Heights. This occupation has led to extreme tension and violent clashes with the Palestinian inhabitants of those regions. Settlement has stood as an obstruction of peace for years, and only aggravates the open wound that is the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Israel has been destroying the livelihood of Palestinians for years by forcing them out of their homes and making access to food, supplies, and other necessities extremely difficult for the Palestinian populous, if not impossible. Such severe violations of human rights must be addressed with urgency and prudence in order to restore the lands of these deprived people, and steps must be taken in order to ensure that settlements do not arise again.
The DPRK sees this issue as another example of the Imperialist West attempting to dominate and destroy the already abused Palestinian people. Israel has settled in the occupied region for years despite the objection of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), and the declaration of its illegality by the Israeli High Court itself, and justifies the thousands of families that are broken, and the abundant loss of Palestinian life with the excuse that it is to ensure national security. Settlement of the occupied Palestinian territory directly violates national sovereignty and the human rights of many of the Palestinians living there. Israel and its settlements provide only imbalance and violence to the region. Like a cancer, it seeks to grow and kill until it is satisfied with the destruction that it has wrought. It continually violates the sovereignty and human rights of the Palestinian people with no indication that it intends to stop its activity in the near future. DPRK completely supports the Palestinian people in their struggle in expelling the imperialist aggressors from their lands, and will aid in the process of returning the ownership of the land to its original occupants.
As a body oriented towards peace and stability, we must end the settlements in the Palestinian territory, and restore the lands that have been so unjustly taken from the Palestinian people. We must respond to the heinous acts of the Israeli “state” with a firm resolve, and ensure the safety and security of the Palestinian state once again. A resolution centered on the return of Israeli settlements to the Palestinian people and the immediate stop of the formation of new settlements in the region would ease tensions in the region, and would make it possible to address the issue of rebuilding peace in the region and aiding the Palestinian people in the near future. We must learn from our past failures in order to forge a path to peace in the region, and to put a stop to the crimes of the Israeli “state”.
by Jason Feuerstine representing Ecuador from Fishers High School:
Committee: Special Political Committee
Topic: Israeli Settlements in Occupied Territories
Delegate: Mr. Jason Feuerstine
Ecuador believes that Palestinians have the right to rule over themselves. The Israeli government has too long allowed the settlement of its people in areas claimed by Palestine. Palestine’s first step towards statehood, and thereby the legal means to expel the Israelis from their lands, being elected as an observer state to the UN, occurred within the last year. Along with 163 other nations, Ecuador elected to extend that status to Palestine.
Another question that arises from this topic is that of the Syrian occupied Golan Heights, territory claimed by Syria and Lebanon. Ecuador along with 110 other nations voted to pass a resolution that condemned Israel for its occupation and called upon them to resume talks and withdraw troops from the region.
The third question that arises from this issue is that of Israeli legal jurisdiction of Jerusalem. Ecuador, again, along with 162 other nations agree that Israel has no legal jurisdiction of the City as it is a holy city not a political one. Stated in the resolution passed, “…any actions taken by Israel, the occupying Power …shall be null and void…” emphasizes world wide belief that Israel is merely an occupational power and has no jurisdiction over these occupied lands.
The reason we are strongly in favor of a separate Palestine and encouraging Israel to withdraw and relinquish its claims to disputed territories is that we crave a peaceful Middle-East. We are currently pursuing Security-Council action to pursue the Israeli withdraw to the next level and therefore creating a Middle-East in which peace and prosperity reign.
by Macey Gerster representing China from Fishers High School:
Israeli Settlements in Occupied Territories
The People’s Republic of China
Delegate: Ms. Macey Gerster
The People’s Republic of China is both an ally of Israel and Palestine. China was one of the first countries to recognize Palestine as a state and China serves as the third largest trading partner to Israel. Due to these facts, the People’s Republic of China believes that the best way to solve the problems between Israel and Palestine would be through proper peace talks and negotiations.
China believes that Israel has a right to protect itself from the security concerns they hold due to the threat of states that have tended to have a more hostile view of Israel. As a state that disserves the rights of national sovereignty, Israel has the right to protect themselves from what they see as potential threats. These rights to self protection, however, do not give Israel the permission to impose upon other states such as the Palestine in order to create a “buffer zone” from potential threats. It can be believed also that Israel may also hold an economic motive for these lands. For the last several years, Israel has exploited the resources of the West Banks (an area that is occupied by Palestine) imposing on the international humanitarian law that states that no occupying state may exploit the resources of an occupied territory. China believes that Israel needs to be limited in these territories in order to protect the sovereignty of these states.
On the issue of solving the land disputes, this must be dealt with lightly and in a peaceful manner that will not significantly harm either Israel or Palestine. The Israeli state should discontinue their plans to further construction and building projects in these occupied lands. Peace could be reached by the states if they were to negotiate which lands rightfully belong to Palestine and which lands now belong to Israel. Some of Israel’s land should be peacefully given back to Palestine but not all areas should be. There are certain lands that can still be put up for negotiation. The idea of “land-swamps” is not closed for debate.
The international community needs to begin to view Palestine and Israel as two influential states that both disserve equal rights and treatments when it comes to the settlement of lands. Israel must stay within its own boundaries when exploiting natural resources and an agreement must be reached that will free the West Bank to Palestine and not cripple the economy of Israel in the process. The human rights of Palestinians are being violated when their rights to land that their state controls. It can be seen as a threat to the people of Palestine when the state of Israel takes their land and resources. China believes that the international community must respond to this issue with both Palestine and Israel in mind in order to reach a peaceful agreement between both states.
by Laura Czok representing Costa Rica from Kalamazoo Central High School:
Committee: The Special Political Committee
Topic: Israeli Settlements in the Occoupide Territories
Country: The Republic of Costa Rica
Delegate: Laura Czok
1967, Almost fifty Years from now after Six-Days war between Israel and the coalation between the north african countries of Egypt, Syria, Jordan and also the allied states the israeli settlement had its genesis
Israel won the war and with this also a lot of land. This leaded to high preasure between Israel and its arabian neighbours. Israel took himself back through 1982 and the following years.
Costa Rica and Israels relationship has been good till we moved our embassy from Jerusalem to Tel Aviv. After West Bank (2006) Jerusalems status has been unclear. This had negative effects on their relationship.
One of our latest statements to this situation was when we voted in favor of the resolution recognizing Palestine as a non-member observer state in the United Nations General Assembly on November 29th, 2012.
In general we have to admit our relationship to israel got worse the bettter it got with palestine. Although we hoped to improve the peace between palestine and Israel by taking a step forward we learned that this did not brought the change we hoped.
We maintained our relations to palestine already in 2008 and supported their entry to UNESCO.Israel deserves our support. They are legitimate alternatives to terrorism, extremism and multiple actors interested in frustrating peace.
We voted in favor of palestine but for us it is in favor of peace at the borders.
But in view of new reports of new Israeli settlement plans, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has again threatened with the demolition of the Middle East peace negotiations.
Costa Rica's biggest hope is peace in the Occupied Territories
by Isabel Ivanescu representing Senegal from Roeper School:
The Palestine-Israel conflict has plagued the Middle East, and ultimately the world, for upwards of fifty years. However, as a nation which has always believed in taking an active role in international peacemaking and peacekeeping, Senegal has faith that the UN can, and will, take this opportunity to resolve the issue.
While Senegal does not have a direct stake in this conflict, it feels it has the ability to speak authoritatively. In today’s world, even the smallest of actions in one nation can influence events in many others, giving all nations an interest in the matter. Furthermore, Senegal recently served as Chairman of the Committee on the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, which serves as a testament to the diplomatic standing of Senegal on this topic. Senegal also possesses the impartiality which is necessary in dealing with such a delicate issue.
As a nation which is, by overwhelming majority, Muslim (95%), Senegal sympathizes with the plight of the Palestinian people, but as a nation which strongly believes in liberty in religion, Senegal is greatly opposed to religious persecution of any kind. This is why Senegal wishes to present a Two-State Solution as the only equitable answer.
In this committee, we are tasked with addressing the Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories, settlements which have been repeatedly been deemed illegal by the United Nation Security Council (often in reference to Resolution 242) as well as by the Israeli High Court of Justice. As previously mentioned, Senegal firmly believes that a compromise can be found in a Two-State Solution and as the Senegalese President Macky Sall put so succinctly at the UN General Assembly this September “call[s] for a halt to acts likely to affect this perspective, notably the continuing establishment of settlements on Palestinian land.”
While such methods have previously had only limited effect, Senegal strongly supports the current bilateral negotiations between Israel and Palestine as a way of finding an mutually-agreeable solution. Senegal would be willing to act as an unbiased intermediary in any such negotiations if allowed by the international community, and is very concerned with their success. However, if this does not yield an Israeli cessation of new construction activities and open discussion of previous settlements, Senegal believes Palestine would be fully within its rights to refer the case to the International Criminal Court or the International Court of Justice.
While any nation in favor of a Two-State Solution clearly would stand with Senegal, Senegal further believes that it will have the support of any nation which favors peace and justice.
Senegal congratulates this committee on its choosing and assumption of such a weighty issue.
by Jake VanZalen representing Russian Federation from Forest Hills Northern High School:
The issue of the Israeli settlements is a very interesting issue. There are many disagreements about the issue and Russia will help work to solve them. Russia believes that both sides should be given fair treatment.
It’s wrong for the Palestinians to be forced out of their homes, with Israel’s expanding settlements. These settlements decrease the quality of life in Arab territories. The fact that Israel continues to settle in the areas that are prohibited, signals that there is a problem. The committee should analyze whether or not this is a security issue, or an attempt for financial gain.
Russia suspects that the reason that Israel is blatantly disobeying the law for financial reasons. It’s simple math. When a country gets more useful land, it can support more economic activity, leading to a growth in GDP. If Israel needs the land for security, they should consult with the UN, and tell them why the land is needed.
The Russian Federation would like to see the international law being obeyed. The committee should set up a system for compromise between Israel and the community to discuss a potential compromise. The Russian Federation believes that most of land that Israel has decided illegally to settle on be taken back.
Russia believes that these settlements in have caused infringements on human rights in the areas. This is true because the "International Fact-Finding Mission on Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory", a trustworthy organization, did lots of research on the area to see the status of human rights infringements. Steps should be taken to address this issue; compromising with Israel on unsettling the settlements would be a good idea.
by Rubee Sandhu representing Indonesia from Forest Hills Northern High School:
We, the people of Indonesia feel that the settlements which were made by Israel should not be considered as legal territories. Israel’s acts are going against the Osolo Accords which they signed and agreed too. When countries do not follow the word they give to other countries and the UN, problems are created. To insure peace all over the world, it is important for countries to compromise and follow the laws which are in place. Considering the United Nations do not agree with what the Israelis are going, Indonesia does not either. We have been in the receivers of invaders to our country and we will be the first to tell you how much we do not appreciate it. Therefore, we are in full agreement with most of the international opinion. Indonesia would be willing to help out the countries that have been invaded by Israel in terms of funding, and we believe that the United Nations should try to step in and help the citizens of those countries or territories. If violence is in the equation, we will not be willing to get involved because we do not support it. We would suggest that the United Nations try and push forward into this situation and stop Israel in their tracks or they will continue to take over more and more territories which could spur in some type of war. Either way, Indonesia is not in support of the acts that Israel is doing and so we would be in support of whatever stops them.
by George Brown representing United Arab Emirates from Fishers High School:
Committee: Special Political Topic Area: Israeli Settlements in the occupied territories Country: United Arab Emirates Delegate: Mr. George Brown
The people of the United Arab Emirates find the ways the international community could address concerns with “buffer zones” illegal to enforce border control. Israel does have a motive for settlement construction; the motive is that settling that new area brought by the six days war could bring millions of dollars in revenue, the United Arab Emirates. This motive could be addressed through bringing border control, so the Israeli government can build whatever best suits their interest. The people of the United Arab Emirates say no to a moratorium on new settlement construction. A moratorium on new settlement construction would only delay integration into the “buffer zones” and promotes illegal settlement; nor on certain settlements should a moratorium take place, because it would have the same outcomes or repercussions. A “land-swap” would not be a suitable solution, because a “land-swap” would result in Israeli and Palestinian conflict in determining “land-swap” borders. The people of the United Arab Emirates find that the international community could address the political and social issue of the West Bank by placing border control in the West Bank to enforce settlement laws. The Palestinians human rights aren’t being violated or infringed upon because the Palestine’s must learn to abide by the new borders brought by the Six Days war and settle laws.This again could be enforced by border control if settlers can not adjust to the new boders and their laws.
Source citation:news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/middleeast/03/v3israelpalestinians/maps/html/sixday_war.stm news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/guides/457000/457035/html/
by Tanvi Sharma representing Egypt from Saginaw Arts and Sciences Academy:
Egypt strongly believes that Israel should withdraw from the occupied territories immediately and without condition. Israel should not be allowed to continue to use national security as a pretext for holding on to territories that do not belong to them. It is not acceptable for a nation to use land that does not actually belong to them as measures of security. Under Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention, it is illegal for Israel to move its civilians into the occupied territories. The only solution to this problem is the complete withdrawal of Israeli settlers from the occupied territories.
A mere moratorium on Israeli settlements would only prolong the issue. This would not be an actual solution to the problem. Israeli settlements cannot be allowed to continue to ignore international law. A moratorium would only send the message to Israel that its actions are acceptable. A land swap is another measure that would fail to solve the problem. It would grant Israel land that it never should have had in the first place. Israel should return to its pre-1967 borders with no conditions attached.
The only way to stop Israel's oppression of the Palestinian people is for Israel to withdraw from its settlements in the occupied territories without delay. Israeli settlors have mistreated Palestinians in the occupied territories for years. There have been many unfortunate incidents between Israeli settlors and Palestinians, including shootings and stonings. This violence could be avoided if Israel were to remove their people from the territories. Israeli settlors in these territories have also restricted the movement of Palestinians by denying them access to several settlements. These barriers to the free movement of the Palestinian people are a clear violation of human rights and limit the ability of Palestinians to find employment in other regions. The UN must prevent these blatant violations of human rights by demanding that Israel withdraw from the territories that they unfairly settled. Israel must realize that they need to return to their pre-1967 borders and respect the rights of Palestinians.
by Ryan Collison representing Cuba from Mattawan High School:
Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories
Since 1967 and the end of the Six Day War, Israel has occupied territories in the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights. These territories were set up to provide Israel with fortified buffer zones in case of further conflict. Despite their withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip, tensions are still high between Israel and Palestinians whose lives have been affected by Israel's occupation of the other territories. Many people no longer have access to basic necessities like water and food, and because of the Israeli settlements, they have limited means of acquiring them.
Israel's occupation of these territories is a direct violation of UN Security Council Resolution 242, and yet Israel has made no move to evacuate. Saying that this land is essential to national security gives them no right to stay and ruin the lives of the thousands of Palestinians affected by this. Many people have been forced out of their homes and deprived of their basic human rights because Israel believes that they need these settlements to protect themselves. This is an outrage, and Israel's actions need to be met with decisive action.
For many years, Cuba has lent their support for Palestine in their efforts to be recognized as an independent nation. Cuba has provided much help for the prominent Palestine Liberation Organization, providing training and financial and diplomatic support.
Cuba is in support of the affected Palestinians who wish to retake their land from the Israeli State. We would like to see Israel take action and make plans for a withdrawal from these territories as they serve no true purpose other than Israel's personal economic gain. If Israel truly wished to use this land as strategic defense zones, then they should consult with surrounding nations and work out a solution that would benefit all. In the end, however, this occupation only helps Israel and hurts neighboring Palestinians. In order for peace to return to the Middle East, Israel needs to stop the construction of new settlements and return the land that was taken from the Palestinians many years ago.
by Owen Purdue representing Sweden from Forest Hills Northern High School:
Since the time of Israel’s founding shortly after the Second World War, Israel and its Arab neighbours have maintained hostile relations. In 1967 these relations again boiled over into an all-out war. For six days in June Israel fought against Jordan, Egypt, and Palestine. With many losses to both sides the Israelis drove the belligerents out of their land, and in doing so, wrested from their opponents the Sinai Peninsula, Golan Heights, the West Bank of the Jordan River, and the Gaza Strip. A UN resolution was settled on, returning all of the conquered territories to the Arab powers in exchange for peace with Israel. Since 1967, Israel has withdrawn only from the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip. The West Bank and East Jerusalem are technically Palestinian territories but are home to many Israeli settlements. Additionally, Israel has started to build a wall that violates the 1949 treaty line, and separates 12% of the Palestinian territory from its homeland. In an official statement by the UN, Israel was accused of violating the fourth Geneva convention by settling in East Jerusalem and the West Bank. Finally, Israeli treatment of Palestinians in the West Bank has been compared to Apartheid in its caliber. Thousands of Palestinians have been displaced, thousands more are trapped behind the Israeli Wall, blocked from their homeland and with little rights as people.
We, the Kingdom of Sweden, condemn the violation of human rights practiced by Israel. For too long Israel has been allowed to settle in a territory clearly belonging to a different sovereign state, one that received the land years ago but has been held under the yoke of an oppressive government. There is no legality in the occupation by Israel of the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and other territories occupied by the Israeli State. The travesties of the IDF include: Standing by while native Palestinians were attacked and killed, infringing on international law and freedom of speech and assembly by using exaggerated tactics to suppress protests, assaulting and injuring a Swedish peace Activist, and building a wall that does not coincide with the 1949 green line, separating up to 12% of what should be Palestine from the rest of the West Bank (another occupied entity). These are not the only crimes the state of Israel has permeated.
It is time for an end to this madness. Both sides must stop fighting, and Israel should be held accountable for their infringements on human rights, the freedom of speech, the freedom of assembly, and the right of a sovereign state to its own territory. Additionally, they should dismantle their settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem and cede these territories to their original owners. Finally, both sides should end the mutual hate they share with each other, and end the injuring and killing of innocent people, be they Palestinian protesters or Israeli settlers. The bloodbath has gone on long enough.
by Michael Deneroff representing France from Roeper School:
GA Special Political
Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories
France is of the firm belief that Israeli settlements in the occupied territories, particularly East Jerusalem and the West Bank, are detrimental to peace talks between the Palestinians and Israelis. Not only are these settlements an obstacle to peace in a two-state solution, they are in violation of international law. Israeli settlements are in direct violation of the Fourth Geneva convention, Article 49 which explicitly outlaws the transfer of an occupier’s civilian population into the occupied territories. The settlements are also contravene to United Nations Security Council resolutions 242 and 363. This fact of a breach in international law by Israel has been upheld by various UN bodies, including a unanimous decision by the International Criminal Court. France condemns all current Israeli settlements in the occupied territories and calls for any future construction projects to be permanently halted. The settlements since 1967 now house almost a half-million Israelis citizens, with this figure still growing; the settlements are undermining the fragile trust between Palestinians and Israelis, increasing tensions between the two, and jeopardizing potential dialogue between the parties.
In accordance with the Seville European Council’s declaration, along with following decree’s by the European Union (EU), France supports and will only support a two-state solution with pre-1967 borders, unless both parties agree to changes. The construction of Israeli housing in East Jerusalem is verging on making the city, which would most likely be the capital of a Palestinian state, unviable as a capital. France is concerned about the impact of further settlements in the occupied territories and the diminishing contiguity of a future Palestinian state.
While France sees all settlements in the occupied territories as illegal under international law, France would like to clarify that the security of the Israeli state is a primary concern for France, Europe, and the world. Nothing can be done that will put the security of Israel into risk; however, Israel cannot continue to put the viability of a Palestinian state at risk either.
France looks forward to working with all nations in finding a solution to this problem which is preventing peace in one of the most crucial places in the world.
by Sofia Seidel representing Lebanon from Instituto Educativo Olinca, SC:
Topic 2: Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories
Country: Lebanese Republic
Delegate: Sofia Seidel, Instituto Educativo Olinca
Israel–Lebanon relations have never existed under normal economic or diplomatic conditions, nevertheless Lebanon was the first Arab league nation to signal a desire for an armistice treaty with Israel in 1949. Lebanon did not participate in the 1967 or 1973 wars in any significant way, and until the early 1970s Lebanon's border with Israel was the calmest frontier between Israel and any of the other adjacent Arab League states. Historically, Israel and Lebanon are both Canaanite.
According to the current prime minister Lebanese officials, Lebanon will be the last Arab country to sign a peace treaty with Israel as the two states are officially in a state of war. The already strained relations between the two countries have deteriorated to an abysmal point in the 2006 war, a move that many believe to have strained US-Lebanese relations.
Israel and Lebanon have had many disputes in the last decades, such as the Natural Gas dispute and the border clash in 2010, this, making very difficult their diplomatic relation.
The international community considers the settlements in occupied territory to be illegal. Israeli neighborhoods in East Jerusalem and communities in the Golan Heights, areas which have been annexed by Israel, are also considered settlements by the international community, which does not recognize Israel's annexations of these territories. The United Nations has repeatedly upheld the view that Israel's construction of settlements constitutes violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention. The International Court of Justice also says these settlements are illegal, and no foreign governments support Israel's settlements.
by Tatum Culhane representing New Zealand from Mattawan High School:
Committee: Special Political
Topic: Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories
Country: New Zealand
Delegate: Tatum Culhane, Mattawan High School
With Israel’s victory in the 1967 Six-Day War, Israel acquired territory beyond its borders of the Sinai Peninsula. This territory included, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights. These “occupied territories” offered Egypt a strategic buffer in case of conflict; however, they have also been responsible for tension between Egypt and its neighbors. In 1982, Egypt withdrew from the Sinai to establish relations with Egypt, and eventually withdrew from the Gaza Strip. Israel established settlement efforts in the West Bank that have been said to have negative impacts on the Palestinian communities. These settlements have resulted in displacement of thousands of Palestinian families. Israel’s occupation of the territories violates the UN Security Council Resolution 242 that ended the Six-Day War. However, Israel claimed that the occupation of these areas is necessary to ensure Israel’s national security. The settlement issue continues to cause difficult affairs to arise.
New Zealand believes that there must be an effort between Israel and Palestine to resolve the issue at hand. New Zealand has had a long standing history with Israel, but in the recent years, conflict has become prominent. Also, New Zealand recognizes the effect Israel’s decisions have had on the Palestinian people. Impeding access to basic resources such as water and medical aid is not correct. For the sake of the people involved, New Zealand is able to identify the fact that help is needed. New Zealand is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, who believe in racial equality and world peace. And as of the moment, Israel is not treating the Palestinians equal, and they are violating UN Security Council Resolution 242.
As a nation, New Zealand believes in peace and equality. New Zealand believes in the need for resolution between Israel and Palestine. As a country who deems it correct to aid others, New Zealand would be willing to help resolve the conflict when called upon. A resolution that returns basic rights to the Palestinian people and evokes peace will be supported by New Zealand. New Zealand hopes that in the near future, there will be peace between Egypt and Palestine.
by Farid al-Sabeh representing Israel from Roeper School:
On June 4th, 1967, a joint military coalition consisting of Egypt, Syria, Iraq, and Jordan amassed more than 250,000 troops outside of Israel’s borders. Two weeks earlier, Egypt had closed the Straights of Tiran, an illegal blockade which restricted all of our trade with Asia. Following months of belligerent rhetoric at the hands of our Arabic aggressors, the State of Israel had no choice but to declare war.
46 years later, we are gathered here to discuss the fate of the territories acquired following this conflict. It is no secret that the international community regards the occupation of these lands as illegal. But the State of Israel affirms that this conclusion is based on a misguided and selective interpretation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 242. To begin with, 242 is a vague and ambiguous piece of legislation. According to the land for peace formula, it calls upon Israel to withdraw from “territories occupied in the recent conflict”. However, this does not specify how much land Israel is required to give up. All instances of the word “all”, or even “the”, with regards to the occupied territories were intentionally removed in early drafts of the document. Lord Caradon, the British sponsor to the resolution, stated in 1968 that "it would have been wrong to demand that Israel return to its positions of June 4, 1967, because those positions were undesirable and artificial."
The State of Israel also maintains that the Fourth Geneva Convention is not applicable to the settlement of the West Bank and Golan Heights. Firstly, we must pay attention to the historical context of this convention. It was convened in order to prevent another forced transfer of population, as what the Nazis did. This does not apply to the voluntary transfers that Israel engages in. Secondly, article 49 of the Geneva Convention refers to the occupation of sovereign states, a title which the Palestinians never possessed.
Arab authorities are quick to use our settlements as a pretense for their violence and continued lags in negotiation. But as has been demonstrated, any careful examination of both SC Resolution 242 as well as the Fourth Geneva Convention will show that the State of Israel is in violation of neither. If this body wishes to discuss the issue of our land, we urge it to do so with an unequivocal regard to international law, emphasizing a pragmatic method rather than one relying on apologist sentiments and false accusations.
by TYler Christensen representing Brunei Darussalam from Forest Hills Northern High School:
Situation in Israel
FH Northern HS
The situation in Israel has spawned from a plot of land that was promised to good muslim people. The Jews and Israeli government are trying to steal this land from its rightful owners. The solution to this problem has to make every party involved happy to truly solve the problem at hand. To do this I propose a plan that involves a great expenditure from my generous government to appease every country involved. This plan will appease the Muslims by giving them more land than they desire. It will double the amount of land the Israeli government currently posses. It will eradicate the drug cartel in Mexico, and make the Mexican government hundreds of thousands of dollars.
The first part of my plan is to aid the Mexican government in destroying and paying off the cartel, and then purchasing a plot of land in mexico roughly twice the size of Israel and paying the Mexican government enough for the plot of land to satisfy them. Then we use large planes or cruise ships to move the population of Israel to this plot of land and give it to them. After that we use huge planes and helicopters to move all major religious sights from Israel to Mexico. Then give the Muslims all of Israel. I will then pay the American government enough money to allow all of the Mexicans from the region of Mexico I am buying to go into America.
In conclusion, Israel has doubled in size and moved to south eastern mexico. Muslim countries now own what was known as Israel. The Mexican government has been paid substantially for helping and the drug cartel has been dealt with. Everyone wins.
by McKenna Andonian representing Bolivia from Mattawan High School:
Israeli Settlement of Occupied Territories
Delegate: McKenna Andonian
For many years, the Israeli state has been occupying many countries in the West Bank. These actions have brought violence and unrest with Palestinians. Israel has been forcing Palestinians out of their homes for years, which only makes food and shelter hard to get a hold of. Israel has not been in a peaceful state for a while. The confiscation of this land is unacceptable and the land should be returned as soon as possible.
Bolivia is a democratic republic therefore, the people in this state should ultimately have the power. To take away land from them would be unacceptable by the government’s views. Therefore, Bolivia would not agree with Israel taking away land, which also takes away from the sovereignty of the Palestinians. Bolivia believes these people deserves the land that rightfully belong to them. Bolivia does not support this abuse of power the Israeli state uses to punish the Palestinians.
Bolivia would suggest to effectively end the occupation of these territories in the Israeli state. This abuse of power never should have been tolerated and it should not be tolerated any longer. The Palestinians deserve their sovereignty. We must stand a firm ground against this corruption of power, as this would bring justice to the Palestinians. We must help to restore peace in Israel and remain unyielding in this fight against the leaders of the land occupations until this issue is resolved. This will not only help the Palestinians now, but will help to show the Israeli state we won't allow abuse of power in the future as well.
by Amanda Gibson representing Jordan from Mattawan High School:
Committee: Special Political
Topic: Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories
Delegate: Amanda Gibson
The roots of the problems associated with Israeli settlements are by no means new. Problems originated with the Six-Day war in 1967. After this war, Israeli acquired additional territories, territories that were Holy Lands for other populations. These lands are considered the “occupied territories.” Israeli initially utilized these lands for protection, but they have also built new settlements on the land and renovated existing historic buildings. The placement of these settlements also has increased the difficulty of life for Palestinians still residing in the territories. The United Nations has continually called for an end to Israel’s actions and an evacuation of the territories. Even the Israeli High Court has ordered a halt on continued construction on these lands. Israeli settlement plans not only pose a direct threat to historic sites, but also to residents of these areas. The settlements have isolated many Palestinians living in the Occupied Territories, and forced thousands from their homes.
Jordan is greatly affected by the Israeli settlement plans. By some estimates, nearly half of the Jordanian population comes from Palestinian decent. Floods of refugees have entered the nation at various points in Jordan’s history, greatly altering the economic and cultural position of the country. Jordan has consistently opposed the Israeli settlements and agrees with the international position that these settlements are illegal. Jordan condemns continued building and renovation such as the project beginning on the Western Wall of Al Aqsa Mosque in the Holy City of Jerusalem. Jordan has long advocated for the extreme cultural importance of sites such as Jerusalem. This city, as the result of a Jordanian proposal, is on the World Heritage List, and is additionally on the List of the World Heritage in Danger. Jordan recognizes the extreme responsibility of protecting such sites and believes that the settlements present a direct threat to their preservation.
Jordan is committed to finding a solution that respects the rights of the Palestinian people. Ultimately, Jordan strives to see peace and stability restored to this region. Jordan seeks to continue previous diplomatic conversation with Israel to create a solution that will ensure action be taken to stop the settlement’s progress. A solution without action will not be acceptable. Too much time has passed without change and without regard for international rulings. The right for Palestinians to return to their homelands cannot be denied. The Special Political committee must strive to create a solution which ultimately provides for the return of this community to their home. This situation cannot be stabilized until Israel has demonstrated their commitment to halt formation of new settlements. Peace will not be insured until the region fulfills its obligations to the Palestinian people.
by Marie Carozza representing Libya from Roeper School:
As a result of the 1967 Six-Day War, Israel acquired many territories. While the United Nations has requested that the territories be evacuated, Israel disagrees and the West Bank remains occupied. Israel argues that this territory increases their national security.
Libya has endured many hardships, and national security is one of Libya’s concerns. It is for this reason that Libya asks the UN to work towards a resolution that will return the territory to the Palestinian people and allow all the Palestinian refugees to return to their land. Libya has had many problems with illegal immigrants and refugees. At this time in Libya, Libya cannot afford to be concerned with refugees and national security. Instead, Libya needs to focus on building up its government. In 2012 there were 10,000 refugees in Libya. Libya does not yet have a national asylum system; Libya has been put in a difficult position. Libya is among other neighboring countries that have had the burden of refugees. Israel refusing to evacuate the territories is endangering nearby countries.
Libya proposes that all settlements be withdrawn from and returned to the Palestinian people. The Palestinian people should be allowed to form their own independent state with the capital of Al-Quds. Libya urges the UN to help the refugees return to their territory. The return of the refugees will aid many countries.
The Palestinians people have endured a horrible six decades. They have been murdered, have had their land taken away, have had their houses demolished, and have had their human rights continually violated. Because of these tragedies to the Palestinian people, the UN must do the humanitarian thing and help return the settlements to the Palestinian people. The UN should also provide compensation to the Palestinians. The Israeli settlements on the Palestinian communities of the West Bank are harming the communities and their people economically as well as harming the people violently. The UN should compensate these communities by helping them regain economic strength.
Libya urges the UN to help the Palestinian people regain their land and help them back on their feet. The UN should do this because it helps the Palestinian people along with many other Arab nations feeling the burden of the unresolved issue of the occupied territories.
by Justin Hodges representing Nepal from Mattawan High School:
The un-rest in the state of isreal began durring 1967 six day war. The regions commonly refered to as the occupied territories, the gaza strip, west bank, and east jerusalem, and the golan heigths have, origgionally were retained as bargining chips, have been since been fortified as 'buffer' regions between enimies. This policy has been responsible for significiant tension between isreal and Arab neijbors. Isreal backed out of sinai in 1982 in attempt to patch up troubles with egypt, aswell as in 2005. Isreal has kept several of the other settlements as part of efforts to retain control in the area. The UN human rights council has deemed these settlements as substantial negitives on surrounding palistinian communities. The un has called for an evacution of the occupied terrotoories as to maintain freedom for its citizens. The isreal high court of justice haslong held that the occupation of the west bank is illegial, however isreal demands that they retain control of this hour.
The matter has little effect on nepal because of the lack of trade between Nepal and Isreal. Although, the nepalian government does believe that action needs to be taken to help create peace in the region.
Options for peace keeping in these areas varry, It is a possibility that the un could send troops into these regions to effectivly remove the isrealies from the region, or place sanctions on isreal. On the other hand, it is posssible that we could allow isreal to retain control of these areas, as to help protect the isreal people as a whole
by Gavin Shrestha representing Canada from Saginaw Arts and Sciences Academy:
Canada believes that Israeli settlements in the occupied territories are unfair. The racism against Palestinians has gotten out of hand in our eyes. It was reported that 95% of Palestinian prisoners are tortured in jail. Women, minors, and even sick internees are not spared from this torture. Another example of extreme violation of human rights is armed Jewish settlers bulldozing Palestinian land in Qaryut villages. Qaryut is targeted almost every day in order to annex even more of its lands into nearby settlements. In reality Israel really doesn’t have that much of an economic benefit to settlement construction. Even if they did, the Fourth Geneva Convention applies to the occupied territories and Israel is in direct violation to the Fourth Geneva Convention. Israel should not be able to keep land gained strategically in war because no country has been able to. The land is currently only being used as a buffer zone to for battles fought during wars.
Canada believes that there is a compromise that can be reached between Israeli and Palestine people if Israel would co-operate so that Israel doesn’t have to give up all of their land. If there was a total moratorium on new settlement construction the violation of human rights against Palestinians would still exist. It seems slightly extreme to ask Israel to withdraw from all the settlements they annexed. Since Israel and Palestine obviously have problems we believe withdrawal of certain land could be a possible answer. A land swap between Egypt and Palestine could also be a possible resolution because this would have separation of Palestinians and Jewish people so the violence would end.
by Daniel Nondorf representing United States from Mattawan High School:
The United States of America finds it very concerning that civilians are facing adversities in the Israeli territories in the Palestinian region. The U.S. recognizes that many Palestinian natives are suffering under harsh conditions caused by racism and nationalism that is held by many of the Israeli people. They recognize that acts such as the blockades set into place by the Israeli government around the Gaza strip has severely crippled the Palestinian people, and many innocent civilians faced adversity through such actions. The United States recognizes that Israel has asserted their authority upon lands previously controlled by the nations of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
The United States of America agrees that Israel is a major ally in the Middle East. Israel has the status as a major non-NATO ally to the United States. As a member of the United Nations, the United States sees that it is the responsibility of all nations that are economically and politically capable to aid.
The United States sees that the root of the afflictions which the Palestinian people suffer is the discrimination and racism that these peoples face. The United States sees, along with many other nations of the European Union such as the United Kingdom and France, that the best way to find peace in this area is to implore Israel to ease its restrictions on nonviolent political protests and to allow Palestinians the right to express their concerns about the nation. While the U.S. recognizes that the Palestinian people deserve the right to protest, the U.S. understands Israeli concerns of terrorism through such protests, and the U.S. is willing to negotiate terms of anti-terrorism conducts.
by Jessika Rogers representing Mexico from Kalamazoo Central High School:
Committee: Special Political
Committee Topic: Israeli Settlements in Occupied Territories
Delegate: Jessika Rogers
During the six-day war in 1967 Israel conquered the Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, West Bank, and Golan Heights, which are collectively known as the occupied territories. Since the takeover there has been violent outburst sparked by tensions between the Palestinian citizens and Israel. Mexico is not in favor of Israeli settlements in the occupied territories. Israel has been violating the basic human rights of Palestinians by taking land, forcing them out of their homes and demolishing their livelihood. Mexico agrees with the United Nations stance that Israel has no legal jurisdiction over the occupied territories.
Mexico supports any movement that will make Palestine an independent nation from Israel. Having already voted, along with one hundred and sixty three other nations, to allow Palestine observer status of the United Nations in twenty twelve, Mexico would like to see a resolution that will recognize Palestine as an independent country. Israel has no legal jurisdiction over the occupied territories. Israel’s exploitation of the West banks resources, the abuse suffered by the Palestinian people, and the use of Palestine as a buffer zone, further supports the need for the creation of two separate states.
Mexico wants peace in the Middle East and the only way to accomplish this is by having Israel pull out of all territories. A resolution based on the coexistence of two states, Israel and Palestine, living side by side with in safe and internationally recognized boarders is the only way to create peace.
by Abdul Kheil representing Japan from Saginaw Arts and Sciences Academy:
Israel’s policy of building settlements in occupied territory is one of the core issues in the conflict. Illegal under international law, settlements are built on confiscated or stolen Palestinian land, are one of the core justifications for the building of the wall and the restriction of Palestinian movement within the West Bank, contribute to forced displacement, severely limit Palestinian access to basic resources including land and water, and perpetuate a system of segregation and legal and structural inequality between Palestinians and Israelis. Understanding Israel’s settlement policy and its impacts is important to understanding what continues to drive the conflict.
Post 1967 Israel also established 17 settlements in Gaza, but these settlements were dismantled in 2005. Israeli communities established in the Syrian occupied Golan after 1967 are also considered illegal settlements under international law.
Ahava, Sodastream, Motorola and Veolia are all the targets of active boycott and divestment campaigns. Support these campaigns which aim to end corporate support for Israel’s settlement policy and thereby contribute to ending settlement growth and construction.
In order to work in settlements, Palestinians must obtain work permits from the Israeli Civil Administration, which also entails the approval of the Israeli internal security service (the Shin Bet). This permit can be annulled at any time, especially when workers demand their rights or try to unionize, or if they (or one of their family members) engage in any kind of political activity. This situation exposes Palestinian workers to extortion by the Israeli internal security service. Other gross violations of labor rights in the West Bank are also possible because the Israeli labor regulations, which apply to these businesses, are rarely enforced in the Occupied Territories, and the workers cannot demand these rights for fear of losing their permits.
by Sam Korycki representing Nigeria from Mattawan High School:
For nearly fifty years, violence between Israelis and Palestinians has remained common in the Middle East since the Six-Day War in 1967. This conflict that took place nearly five decades ago still affects Israel and its neighboring nations. Following the war, Israel was given many sections of land that did not belong to it at the time. As the years have gone by, these territories have been used as buffers to prevent future conflict with neighboring nations. Palestinians believe that this land is rightfully theirs and should be taken from Israel. The United Nations must now oversee this disagreement over land boundaries.
As a strong ally and trading partner of Israel, Nigeria believes that this land rightfully belongs to Israel. Israel is a large trading partner with our country, and we believe that removing Israel from its territories would damage its economy and security. Because of the outcomes of the Six-Day War, this land was given to Israel. The nation is using this land in a positive way to prevent future conflict with the nearby nations. The country of Israel is merely attempting to keep the peace. Nigeria believes that removing Israel from these “occupied lands” would damage the nation as a whole.
Nigeria believes that the United Nations must oversee and promote peace talks and negotiations with Israel and the Palestinian community to preserve the peace. Obviously if nothing is done, the conflicts and violence will continue. To make peace, there must be talks and negotiations. Israel should not be removed from its land; however, the Palestinians should not be treated unfairly. Therefore, there must be a middle ground. Through UN observed peace talks and negotiations, Egypt and the Palestinians should resolve their conflicts and agree on a resolution.
by Noor Sohail representing Turkey from Forest Hills Northern High School:
Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories
Since 1967, Israel has settled in lands now known as the “occupied territories”. This includes areas such as the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and Golan Heights. Despite having withdrawn from some of these areas, Israeli communities can still be found in most of these places. This has caused rife between the Israel and Palestine. The nation of Palestine is unhappy with the close borders between these areas as violence is a common occurrence as a result of the occupation. Later, the United Nations Security Council and the Israeli High Court established that occupation of West Bank is illegal, however Israel claimed that settlement is necessary for national security.
The Republic of Turkey does not agree with the actions taken by the Israelis. They are present in land that does not belong to them. The law set forth by their own country is being violated, on top of that they are violating the agreements made in the United Nations. Their claim of national security are simply justification for their actions. There is nothing to be gained from their occupation of these lands other than strife and more violence.
Palestine is suffering the most from Israel's occupation. They are forced to struggle every day to gain even the most basic of supplies. The United Nations Health Council has verified that the people of Palestine are indeed going through a rough time due this issue. Thus the occupation of Israel in the occupied territories is most definitely unjust and should be considered illegal actions.
by Olivia Lee representing Afghanistan from Kalamazoo Central High School:
Ever since the War of 1967 that was found by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. We see that Israel's territory which is the West Bank and the Gaza strip has caused friction between the Palestinians and Israelis. Due to this Palestinians were forced to live and rely on the land of Israel. Its is know in the mid -1990 up to 150,000 people entered Israel every day for jobs. The uptake of this land has caused violence to occur as the Palestinians unleashed sucicide bombings. We propose to put on the floor a seperation of this land from Israel. As the labor force this part was taken from many imigrants from parts like Thailand that took the Palestinians out of work. As looking at the GDP growth in the West Bank decline and most of its economic growth is proposed to
that Israel give the Palestinians the right to govern themselves.
As Israel had found itself using a blockade in 1994 as a result of relations between Israel and Palestine going array. 85% of factories were shut because of this which cost the Israeli businesses two million a day, while in the Gaza strip the loss by the blockade as a million. As this shows that any type of effort by Israel to make use of this land has been futile. This is seen in 2002 Israeli West Bank barrier. This shows to be hurting the economy of Israel whenever this occurs and the Palestinians that are hurt by all of this. That have not only hurt the Palestinians, but all the people who live there.
We propose Israel looses all jurisdiction over this territory. We deem that this land is given back to the Palestinians. We look to end the violence that has occurred because of Israel.
by Joey Markell representing South Africa from Williamston High School:
The situation within Israel and Palestine has gotten out of hand and must end as soon as possible. For centuries the Israelis and the Palestinians have been at odds for multiple reasons, historically for religious reasons, but recently the pressure has shifted toward Israel to remove their settlements in Palestinian controlled territory, more specifically, the west bank. The question becomes weather it is technically legal for Israel to stake claims of land in Palestinian lands.
South Africa feels something must be done to bring peace and diplomacy to not only this are of the Mediterranean coast but also to all of the Middle East in general. We are willing to work with our United Nations partners in the pursuit of a resolution that may possibly bring peace to this crippled region and peace between Israel and Palestine. As the situation continues to heat up, it further creates conflict in the region which, in turn, raises the chances for conflict including a possible major war, something this area of the world does not need.
It is due to all of these possible consequences that we realize that this is a very serious situation and it must be resolved as soon as possible. We are fully willing to work in collaboration with our fellow United Nations to come up with any resolution that will bring peace to this crippled region. Although this is not yet a typically violent issue at the moment, we know it is not out of the question to recognize the is as a threat to the lives of civilians. Therefore, we will do everything in our power to not only attempt to bring peace to the region, but to also protect the innocent lives in the area.
by Camila Suárez Attie representing Togo from Instituto Educativo Olinca, SC:
ISRAEL IN THE OCCUPIED TERRITORIES
DELEGATE: Camila Suárez
GENERAL ASSEMBLY- SPECIAL POLITICAL
PRESIDENT: Faure Essozsimna
Even though Israel and Togo had broken all relations in 1962, to the present day, both nations have restablished the alliance that had been kept for almost 60 years. Togo’s president, Faure Essozsima, established in 2012, that Togo stands with Israel on the diplomatic front saying that Togo understands the significance of war, and the cost of insecurity. Togo has always expressed its support to Israel including at the UN Security Council. Togo’s prime minister added that Togo would not forget the wonderful relationship with Israel. So in January 2013, the president’s from both nations conducted a meeting where they discussed strengthening the strategic relations between Israel and Togo, the security situation in Israel and the Iranian nuclear threat.
In 2009, Israel and Togo signed a pact to strengthen and enhance ties between the two countries and start economic collaboration.
We proudly pledge our support for Israel at the UN Security Council. And Togo is predicted to be among the minority that will vote against granting the Palestinians nonmember state status at the UN General Assembly.
But even though we The Togolese Republic has always backed up Israel and every decision they have made regarding this war, we will not support any decision that violates human rights, as a nation we believe it is mandatory that people do not have to suffer the consequences of a war between governments and armies. As mentioned before, Togo understands the cost of insecurity and the consequences it may bring, and with that being said, all nations should know we put the people before the weapons.
by Wesley Kling representing Luxembourg from Kalamazoo Central High School:
The sovereign state of Luxembourg believes that Israel needs to stop settling communities within Palestinian territories and that Palestine has the right to be a sovereign nation. Palestine has a right to those territories and should not have to worry about Israeli citizens trying to take the land away from the Palestinian natives. It is an extremely unfair relationship between Israel and Palestine. How is it acceptable for Israel to bully a Palestine with no sovereignty into giving up its territory for Jewish settlement? It isn’t in any way, shape, or form. How can the Palestinian people be represented in government if there is no sovereign state for them and the Israeli government only serving the interests of its Hebrew population? It’s simple, they can’t. If Israel allowed Palestine to become a sovereign country, it is possible that there would be less hatred directed toward Israel from the Arab world.
Israel should have no worries about a sovereign Palestine. It would not be in the Palestinian’s best interests to attack Israel because of the current support that The United States gives to Israel. The reason why Israel doesn’t want Palestine to become sovereign is because Israel would no longer able to build Jewish communities without invading Palestinian territory, which would be considered an act of war. Then, it would be very difficult for Israel to claim that they are the victims of Arab hostility.
Having a sovereign Palestine is very important for Middle Eastern peace. There will be less fighting between the Palestinians and the Israelis over land disputes.
by Lake Wann representing Sudan from Fishers High School:
Committee: Special Political
Topic Area B: Israeli settlements in occupied areas
Delegate: Mr. Lake Wann
The problem of Israeli settlement had a climax in 1967 during the six-day war. Israel had acquired much land from areas such as the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights. Israel initially used these lands as bargaining chips, but they later evolved into buffer as prevention of further conflict. Israel returned both the Sinai and the Gaza strip, and evacuated and destroyed all structures. Efforts where then turned to the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, all of which Israel refuses to return. The UN has found that Israeli control of the West Bank has negatively impacted the surrounding Palestinian communities by causing an impediment of mobility, and more extremely, ethnic and political tensions between the Israelites and the Palestinians. Other cases prove that Israeli control of these lands have prevented Palestinians from obtaining clean water, medical supplies, and employment.
Sudan believes that the land in possession of the Israelis land should stay in the hands of the Israelis. Israel has legitimate concerns in regards to safety, so the possession of the lands is not unwarranted. It was in a war with many of its neighbors 46 years ago, so concerns about safety would be legitimate. Sudan believes that it would be possible for Israel to return the West Bank, as it negatively impacts many Palestinian communities that live in the surrounding area. The East Jerusalem and Golan Heights can be kept, as they can provide extra security in case of another conflict between Israel and its neighbors. A total moratorium would be needed in the West Bank area, but not in the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem areas because they would not be turned over, unless one of these areas poses as an area that negatively impacts the surrounding communities, in which case a negotiation could be made to benefit both areas. Sudan stresses that the areas that negatively impact surrounding communities be turned over, for the benefit of all. This act could also show some level of kindness and prevent conflict in the future. Sudan strongly stresses a peaceful solution by turning over the West Bank lands.
Sudan stresses that the West Bank Lands be returned under the conditions that the East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights be kept for safety and economic benefit. The return of the West Bank lands would boost the quality of life in Palestine and would be capable of improving relations between the Sudanese and Palestinians. Sudan would suggest that troops be sent into the area, to ensure the peaceful return of land to the Palestinians. Sudan would also recommend that both Israel receive some sort of compensation for the land returned, in the form of some sum of money and a time frame for the land to be returned to the Palestinians. The people of Sudan would suggest that the West Bank lands be cleared and returned in at least 1 year, and at most 5 years.
by Samantha Myers representing Bangladesh from Fishers High School:
Committee Name: Special Political and Decolonization Committee
Topic Area: Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories
Country Name: People's Republic of Bangladesh
School Name: Fishers High School
Delegate Name: Samantha Myers
The People's Republic of Bangladesh believes that, although the Israelis were greatly persecuted by the Palestinians, their settlements in the already occupied territories of Palestine are uncalled for and unethical. Therefore, the United Nations' plea towards the Israeli people to halt their settlements of this country was very necessary. As noted in Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights:
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
This statement from the United Nations itself states that no person should have to deal with attacks on his or her life, family, or reputation. Along with Article 13, Section 1—Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state—Article 12 already disapproves of the Israeli settlements. Not only are these settlements disrupting Palestinian life, but they are also bringing more people into a country that is already overpopulated. Palestine is not wealthy enough to give a large population a good standard of living, and adding more citizens will only decrease the standards of living of those who were born there. Article 25, Section 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone deserves a lifestyle that can support himself, his family, and his household in any situation beyond his control. This means, that the people of Israel, as they infringe upon both Article 25 and Article 13, are infringing upon the lives of the Palestinian people, which in turn goes against Article 12. The 49th Article of the Fourth Geneva Convention also disagrees with the Israeli settlements. It states that:
Individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to that of any other country, occupied or not, are prohibited, regardless of their motive.
The Special Political and Decolonization Committee of Bangladesh, although it disapproves of these Israeli settlements, would prefer a peaceful approach in dealing with this issue. Tensions are already very high between these two countries, and increasing them by supporting or endorsing war would be cruel. While the separation of the two countries is already strictly enforced by both the military and law, the People's Republic of Bangladesh feels that it would be a good idea to increase the amount of security along the border between Israel and Palestine in order to help put an end to the increasing hostility between these two nations. The states of countries that are already seriously underdeveloped would be even worse if an all-out war were to break out. Not only this, but tensions are very high in the rest of the Middle East as well, so a war in Israel might bring about a war in the rest of this area. Moving the Israelis back to Israel would be just as unethical as their movement to Palestine, though, so the main thing that must be done is to prevent anymore migration. As stated before, the Special Political and Decolonization Committee of Bangladesh believes that a peaceful approach to this situation is necessary in order to avoid any further hostilities and the possibility of a declared war.
by McKenna Kluemper representing Iraq from Fishers High School:
Committee: Special Political
Topic Area B: Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories
Delegate: Miss McKenna Kluemper
For the past forty-six years, since the Six-Day War, Israel has been occupying areas in the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights. These areas were taken during the Six-Day War, and many are still being held from the rightful owners today. By stealing these lands, Israel has taken what many Palestinian people need to survive. The Palestinian farmers that had their land stolen cannot properly provide what they otherwise could if they were able to use all of their rightful resources. The Palestinian people cannot get the proper food and other necessities that they need. These harmful actions must not be allowed to continue, and steps must be taken to ensure that not only the lands taken get returned to their proper owner, but also that these events will not happen again in the future.
Iraq firmly believes that none of this would have occurred, had the international community supported the Palestinian people in their attempts to protect their land and livelihoods. Though the United Nations Human Rights Council investigated and showed a negative impact on the surrounding Palestinian communities, nothing has been done to fix those negative impacts. By simply ignoring the problems facing the Palestinian people, the international community has given the impression of indifference and dismissive coldness that seems to tell the occupying countries that forcing people out of their homes is acceptable. As the United Nations is a peaceful organization, we know that is simply not permitted, in order to maintain human rights. Iraq is in full support of removing all trespassing countries, along with returning the land to it rightful landowners. This must be upheld and watched to be sure that the land remains with the correct people, and is not retaken in short time.
The job of the United Nations is to uphold the basic rights of all people. Currently in Palestine, Israeli people have striped farmers from their land and homes. This is a violation of human rights; therefore it cannot be allowed to continue. To ensure safety and human rights for all people, this committee must develop a way to return all land without causing further conflict, as well as provide the suffering people of Palestine with a means to protect themselves from further harm. A resolution passed must have a short-term solution to stop the further settling of Israeli people on the Palestinian land, as well as a long-term solution that returns the stolen land. There cannot be justice until the Palestinian people have their land and are able to attend to their own needs without fear of another attack from Israel. These Palestinian people must be returned their homes, so that they can attempt to rebuild their lives around what they had come to depend on.
by Aubree G representing Jamaica from Williamston High School:
Williamston High School
There has been issues with the Israeli settlement for several years, Israeli have been settling on territories beyond its pre-war borders in the Sinai Peninsula , Gaza Strip, West bank and East Jerusalem, Golan Heights. These have been called “Occupied Territories” the areas that were going to be reserved as a bargain was later fortified and eventually systematically settled for Israel with a strategic safeguard in case there was any conflict would come up. This has caused tensions between Israel and Arab neighbors which turned into social and economic issues for the Arab people of the occupied territory.
Jamaica has voted in favor of the United Nations resolution that has lifted Palestinian Authority from an individual to a non-member observer. Our decision was based on believing that we can take a more peaceful approach toward this issue, we want to keep the peace in the Middle East. “In Jamaica’s view, the granting of Non-Member Observer State status was on the same afforded to the Holy See delegation,” David Rowe had said. “It was not equivalent to membership in United Nations.” Even in the past we have pushed both the Israelis and the Palestinians to find their peace.
What should be done? Is we seek peace through an active peaceful path a process that would require us to stay committed, no matter the obstacles may get in the way because all countries must be assured of their own safety and rights as it is only fair.
by Elvira Kate Kovachevich representing Argentina from Forest Hills Central High School:
Israel has illegally set up settlements in the occupied territories. From the mid 1900's to now, no nation has gotten any closer in finding an effective solution to this problem. The ultimate goal is for Israel to retract all these illegal settlements and allow Palestine to be viewed as its own individual state. Currently, Israel is claiming the Gaza Strip due to the abundance of water and the Golan Heights due to it's abundance of natural resources. Unfortunately, Israel has lied and will continue to lie about building more settlements, calling them "military outputs" instead.
Due to the extremity of the situation, and stubbornness of Israel, there has been failure to try and even ameliorate the tension between Israel and Palestine. Palestinians have been neglected their basic human rights, an attribute that Argentina is very fond of. While Argentina is adamant of equal and basic human rights, we have chosen step back and leave this situation to countries with larger power, such as the U.S. Argentina believes that in order for both Israelites and Palestinians to coexist, they must do so in their separate sovereign nations. The problem is that Israel is currently acting as the "bully," or predominant nation, and has the support of the United States due to Israel's abundance of oil.
Argentina is likely to be allied with any other country who is a strong advocate of human rights, but has limited power in terms of making an impact in either Palestine or Israel. Prospective allies could include Paraguay and Brazil, due to not only their advocacy on human rights, but that the two countries are involved in the 3-plus-1 Regional Mechanism which focuses on counter terrorism. Though this organization primarily focuses on counter terrorism in the tri-border region, it is the fact that the three are united against a form of terrorism.
by Patrick Awtrey representing Syrian Arab Republic from Forest Hills Central High School:
Committee: Special Political Committee
Topic: Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories
Country: Syrian Arab Republic
Delegate: Patrick Eugene Awtrey
Although the Israeli presence in the Eastern Mediterranean has been a concern since the 1940s, the Zionist regime began to impose its biggest threat to the region beginning several decades later with the establishment of settlements in its occupied territories. During the Six-Day War of 1967, Israel defeated a coalition of Arab forces to acquire Eastern Jerusalem and West Bank from Jordan, Gaza and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, and the Golan Heights from the Syrian Arab Republic. Although each territory was adversely affected by the aftermath of this conflict, Israel proceeded to forcibly expel 131,000 Syrians residing in the Golan. These and the descendants of these refugees (which now total over a million) have since been barred from returning, and the 7,000 who remained have been forced to bear the ongoing Zionist intrusion. During the Yom Kippur War of 1973, Israel seized additional Syrian territory and relinquished it shortly thereafter to humiliated natives who returned to find their villages utterly destroyed. In 1981, Israel annexed the portion of the Golan which had remained occupied and imposed its legal jurisdiction throughout it, a move that has been unanimously invalidated by the international community (Security Council Resolution 497). This has not been the most troubling development of all, however. Since 1967, more than 20,000 Israelis have constructed and inhabited over 40 illegal settlements in the Golan territory, and they continue to expand with the backing of the Israeli Land Department and the encouragement of top Israeli officials. In doing so, Israelis are destroying the territory’s history and exploiting its natural resources (Israel relies on the Golan for 1/3 of its water supply). Israelis settlers are also inspiring clashes between themselves and the natives who have been discriminated against and deprived of civil rights, tax equality, and equal distribution of natural resources. Though all Egyptian territories have long since been returned, Israel continues to pursue similar policies in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, where over 500,000 settlers collectively reside today.
Reassuringly, the world’s nations have deplored these devastating actions (albeit, with the exception of the Zionist regime itself). The framework for negotiations between Israel and its neighbors was established in 1967 with the passage of Security Council Resolution 242, which calls for the “respect and acknowledgement of the sovereignty, territorial integrity, and political independence of every state in the area and the right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries free from threats or acts of force.” Thus, the ultimate goal of the United Nations is to resolve disagreement over claims to territory by regional entities. As recognized by Security Council Resolution 446, passed in 1979, this goal has been completely undermined by Israeli settlements. Resolution 446 “determines that the policy and practices of Israel in establishing settlements in the Arab territories have no legal validity and constitute a serious obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just, and lasting peace in the middle east;” it also goes on to reaffirm the 4th Geneva Convention, which forbids an occupying power from 1) altering the legal system within an occupied territory, and 2) resettling its own civilian population within an occupied territory. Furthermore, the Convention establishes the right of return for all residents in the case that they are deported. Israel has acknowledged both of these resolutions and the Geneva Convention, and its own Supreme Court has ruled that its settlement policies are illegal. Despite this, Israeli officials have repeatedly violated all statues in regard to each of its occupied territories. In Israel’s defense, Zionists claim that the Convention’s provisions do not apply during peacetime, which they believe has been upheld by their policy of occupation. On the contrary, Israeli occupation has been the primary cause of regional instability, and the Convention explicitly applies during all instances of occupation regardless of whether or not peace has been achieved. Israeli officials have also attempted to exploit numerous loopholes that would render themselves exempt from the jurisdiction of the Convention, which, according to a 1993 report approved by the Security Council, has been incorporated into international customary law. In light of this, they are eligible to be tried by the International Criminal Court.
Resolving the settlement issue has been accepted as a prerequisite for peace, but the failure of successive Israeli administrations to treat the issue seriously has stunted progress and prevented peace from being attained. Though Bashar Al-Assaad, Palestinian officials, and Israeli officials have repeatedly indicated their willingness to negotiate with one another, Israel has consistently refused to follow-through. Likewise, sentiments expressed on the larger issue of occupation, which is dependent on the issue of settlement, have met a similar fate. Almost every time bilateral negotiations have commenced, Israel coordinates a further expansion of settlement. Even as last month’s most recent attempt to negotiate commenced, Israel announced a new plan to construct 20,000 homes in occupied territory. Though Netanyahu’s nullification of this plan was mildly reassuring at best, the ordeal was degrading to all parties involved. This was not the only occurrence, however. Earlier this year, Israel released Palestinian prisoners in exchange for the approval it claimed to have received for settlement construction, yet this had never been agreed upon.
Even if Israel were to follow through with negotiations, the only solutions that it would be willing to entertain are tragically flawed. Israeli officials have considered withdrawing from all occupied territories with the exception of its settlements, yet this divisive scheme would not address the goal of attaining peace. In order for Palestine and Syria to have viable and contiguous states, settlements must be dismantled; Jewish enclaves cannot exist within the territories after they have been given up. Israeli concerns over security are also unfounded. The settlements, which began as military outposts but are now entirely residential, serve little strategic purpose and are a liability if anything. Additionally, in regard to Israel’s frequent demand for diplomatic recognition on behalf of Syria, official diplomatic ties are irrelevant given our willingness to cooperate.
Syria believes that the United Nations has enormous potential, if not a responsibility, to assist the Arab world with its plight. In order to fully resolve the issue of settlement within Israel’s occupied territories, Israel must completely and entirely evacuate all settlements within the Golan Heights, West Bank, and East Jerusalem. Although this would be a very expensive and complicated project for Israel to undertake, the 2005 withdraw from Gaza proved that such is possible. Once the Jewish population has been fully expelled, reparation must then be made for all native villages destroyed since 1967, and all refugees must be guaranteed the right of return along with their families. So long as Israel continues to occupy these territories, all inhabitants must be provided with civic equality, tax equality, and equal distribution of water. If Israel does not comply (a possibility that has precedent), the United Nations ought to recommended to that ICC that it place on trial all Israeli officials responsible for the defiance. Once ground has been made on this issue, it would finally be constructive to refer the bigger issue of occupation to a future session of the United Nations for continued discussion.
In light of the numerous resolutions pertaining to this topic that have been passed by the United Nations, we expect the full support of the global community. Though Israel will resist any effort made to dismantle the settlements and reclaim the territory to which the Jewish population has considered itself entitled, it will have troubling gaining support; few nations and political leaders are willing to support such an erroneous prerogative. Although the United States is historically inclined to side with Israel, John Kerry, Barack Obama, and other top officials have expressed a desire for Zionist concession. Of course, we still plan to collaborate extensively with Iranian delegates on this issue, and delegates from Arab countries that Syria is currently at odds with will no doubt find common ground on this issue as well.
by Courtney Lee representing India from Forest Hills Central High School:
Israeli Settlement of Occupied Territories
Delegate: Courtney Lee
From the beginning of the Six-Day War Israel has occupied several territories including West Bank, Golan Heights, and East Jerusalem. These settlements were in reaction to a war taken place over 50 years ago. Since then both Palestine and Israel have grown as two independent nations. The settlements occupied by Israel have caused severe tension and violence between the countries. There also continues to be numerous human rights atrocities regarding Palestinians in these territories. Today, the impending war and hope for peace is directly correlated to these occupied lands.
To finally reach a two-state solution the UN must pass a resolution that benefits both nations. Israel wishes to keep economic ties and benefits from the occupied territories. Palestine simply wants its land returned. In order to reach agreement from both countries the UN must guarantee certain rights over a few of the lands natural resources to Israel. The goal of this agreement is to encourage the fast removal of Israeli people and cooperation from both sides.
India acknowledges the Israeli settlements as the root of war between the countries. Israel currently violates the Geneva Convention which explicitly prohibits a state from transferring its population into occupied territories. The UN Security Council Resolution 242 also calls for an evacuation of these territories. Most nations strongly disapprove of Israel’s reluctance to remove its citizens from these lands. With guaranteed economic rights for natural resources in these occupied territories, Israel will hopefully remove its remaining settlements without UN coercion and begin peace talks with Palestine.
by Xenia Prince representing Republic of Korea from Flint Southwestern Classical Academy:
Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Areas
Republic of Korea
The Israeli settlements began to take place in 1967 after the six day war. The state of Israel has been occupying the West Bank, Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem, and Golan Heights territories. These settlements have led to tension between Israel and Palestine. Although Israel claims that these settlements are made for security this has caused a lot of problems between the Israeli people and the Palestinian people. The expansion of the Israeli settlements has resulted in many Palestinian people being removed from their homes in that areas where the expansion is taking place and be relocated. The Palestinian people have not only had their rights stolen from them, but also their access to employment, medical and educational services, and resources such as water. Reaching peace has become even harder with the obstacle of the Israeli government making these settlements and taking away the rights of the Palestinian people.
For many years these settlements have been the biggest cause of the obstruction of peace. Because of these settlements the freedom of the Palestinian people has been taken away from them, and there has been tension between Israel and its surrounding Arab nations. There has been much violence and discrimination between Palestinians and Israelis, instead of fighting fire with fire a compromise should be made. in these The Republic of Korea believes that Israel should be willing to come to an agreement where the land is given back to the Palestinian people as long as the Palestinian people agree that they will stop their violent actions towards Israel and its people.
by Bridget Vial representing Pakistan from Royal Oak High School:
The issue of settlement has been the inevitable deal-breaker of Israeli-Palestinian negotiations, thwarting the Camp David talks of 2000, the Beirut summit plan of 2002, and the Quartet “Road Map,” and consequent negotiations. Israel’s refusal to cede authority over the Occupied Palestinian Territories amounts to more than political stalemate: It is contrary to international law. The UN Charter details the “inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force.” In July of 2004, the International Court of Justice declared illegal under international law the construction of a wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. In 2005, the Security Council condemned the displacement of Palestinian civilians caused by the construction of the “buffer zone” in the Gaza Strip. The settlement of Palestinian Occupied Territory deprives Palestinians of access to arable farmland, violating the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which guarantees a people’s right to its “own means of subsistence.” And yet, settlement has not only continued but intensified. According to the Israel NGO Peace Now, constructions of new settlements in the West Bank were 70 percent higher during the first half of 2013 than in the same period in 2012. As the current peace talks between Israel and Palestine continue, the international community must affirm that restricting settlement is more than a bargaining chip—it is a political, economic, and moral imperative. We must make clear steps toward a two-state solution, and this includes recognizing the permanent sovereignty of the Palestinian people over the Occupied Palestinian Territory.
Beyond political affirmation, the international community must address the economic and social impact of Israeli settlement on Palestinians of the West Bank. In August, the Quartet proposed the Palestinian Economic Initiative, aimed at improving the Palestinian economy in eight key sectors from 2014 to 2016 in order to prepare Palestine for statehood. A key sector of this proposal is agricultural growth, calling for “greater volumes of water for Palestinian farmers, fertilizer in standard concentrations, advanced seed types, improved farming knowledge, and access to financing mechanisms.” These advancements cannot take place whilst Israel continues to settle arable Palestinian farmland, force diversion of water resources, seize Palestinian water wells, and destroy vital infrastructure including water pipelines and sewage networks. Pakistan seeks to formally annex the Palestinian Economic Initiative, forbid further settlement, and install an unbiased observer mission to monitor coherence to these initiatives.
by Jacob Converse representing Ireland from Vicksburg High School:
Ireland feels that the Palestinians should not be forced to give up their own territory for Israel’s expanding settlements. Conditions in these Israeli settlements have plummeted over time and the citizens in these settlements have been treated poorly over things such as ethnicity and religious beliefs. We feel that with the Israelite’s moving more into the Palestine’s land that the only outcome is more conflicts.
We feel that since Ireland is an ally to both Israel and Palestine the outcome of this issue should be fair. That is why we support the idea for a “land swap,” where Israel will transfer to territory adjacent to the West Bank equivalent the size of the Israeli settlements in Palestine. This is the fairest agreement in which Palestine gets the land they owned back and Israel will still have just as much land as they did when they settled in Palestine. This resolution is both peaceful and fair to both sides of the conflict.
In the current Israeli settlements in Palestine the citizens have been treated poorly and conditions of these areas have gone down. The easiest solution to this is too have the Israelites leave, and let the Palestine’s reclaim their land, then the international community should send support for those people in those areas in need and provide resources such as food, water, building materials, ect. Then the Palestine citizens are ensured help to increase conditions in these areas. The international community should also offer help to the Israelites in settling in their new settlements in the area adjacent to the West Bank, by helping them set up and maintain good living conditions in these areas by offering help when needed.
by Dakoda Howard representing Brazil from Vicksburg High School:
Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories
Rep: Dakoda Howard
Ever since the Six-Day war Israeli has had occupied countries in the West Bank illegally. This is causing violence and tension from within these countries along with countries outside of the walls. Wondering what is Israeli's purpose for these territories. They are kicking people out of their homes and demolishing them for what gain? To make money for new housing units they want to put in the territories so people have no homes now or have to buy new ones where they use to live. They are also using these territories as buffer zones to see what their enemies are up to they do not care about the people in these territories what so ever.
Brazil like US believes that Israel is doing this all illegally and action needs to be taken to help the people who are suffering from this and ease the tension. We believe that another summit should be purposed to get peace talk and hopefully a land swap or something moving along to fix this situation.
Brazil and other countries can work together to help the citizens in the territories to get supplies like food and water also maybe some shelter. The Palestinian's are losing their rights to Israel they are being used as a buffer zone and not receiving any supplies and are losing their homes. The international community should all help make a push for a summit to be called to settle these disputes Brazil is behind the motion to do so. We will also try to aid the citizens if we can.
by Noah Kuhlmann representing Iran from Forest Hills Central High School:
The Zionist Entity has clearly acted contrarily to the United Nation’s GA Resolution 39/146 by continuing to occupy its territories and settlements in the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem, and the West Bank. Not only do they impede the peace process and Palestinian right to a homeland, but they also act in spite of a complete lack of foreign support. The problem of unlawful occupation, therefore, clearly stems from the Zionist Entity’s refusal to comply with a UN Resolution that has overwhelming foreign support.
The solution is simple, and has nearly been achieved: the Zionist Entity must evacuate their remaining settlements, and therefore comply with international law. They do not only violate UN Resolution 39/146, they violate the Fourth Geneva Convention, the Oslo Accords, and an additional UN Resolution as well, Security Council Resolution 446. In this resolution the SC vehemently “deplores” their continued occupation, and cites the Fourth Geneva Convention, which affords protection to civilians during times of war, as applicable to the situation.
All of the aforementioned international doctrines, as well as UN Resolutions, outline key issues. One of which is the need of the Zionists to withdraw from their unlawful settlements, and return them to their corresponding states. The second is recognized by the two UN Resolutions, that is the need for a resolution to this problem to further the peace process in the area. We particularly support Syria in her quest to regain control of the Golan Heights, as per international doctrine. Although these are but a few key arguments and points, they appear overwhelming enough that Israel should comply, especially given the complete and utter lack of foreign support of her unlawful occupation of other state’s territories.
by Bryce McBride representing Guatemala from Forest Hills Central High School:
We, the Republic of Guatemala stand in the same position on the Israeli settlement problems as we had taken in the Egyptian uproar. It will not benefit us as a country if the issue is fixed, but for the sake of world peace it needs to be addressed. The inability to accept that countries do not have the tolerance for neighboring provinces to build within their boundaries in unacceptable to us.
This issue takes it's roots from the six-day war that began June 5th and ended June 10th. In this short war Egypt, Syria, Jordan, and Iraq contested with Israel in response to a surprise attack made by Israel to Egyptian airfields. The end result of the war was a decisive Israeli victory. This earned them the territories of the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank, and the Golan heights.
The ownership of these four territories were not, however, recognized as that of Israel. Israel still does not acknowledge this, and believes that they have the right to build whatever they desire in these territories. The disagreement here is not the only problem. The treatment of the people native to these lands are being mistreated by the Israel police that inhabit the area.
What we seek to improve here is to not to completely take the land from Israel to give to Egypt, Syria, Jordan, and Iraq. That is too drastic of a change as we see it will cause more problems then it will solve. What we will want to do, however, is to perhaps distribute a fraction of the land to the original owners and have Israel treat the natives I'm their settlements with much more respect.
by Mike Miller representing Micronesia from Royal Oak High School:
Topic 2: Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories
Country: Federated States of Micronesia
Delegate: Mike Miller
Both the United Nations Security Council and the Israeli High Court have both condemned the Israeli settlements of the Sinai Peninsula, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem. In fact, there is no country I know of that claims they’re fine with these illegal settlements. All member nations also agree that these settlements should be gotten rid of. But here’s where it gets tricky.
We all know that the UNSC has already passed a resolution (#242) that ended the Six-Day War, but also called for the evacuation of these aforementioned territories. This has been ignored by the settlers and shows no signs of happening any time soon. So this is where the real question arises. What will our solution to a problem be, if the only people that can do anything about it choose to ignore it?
There’s one effective way to prevent these settlers. With Israeli permission, we send personnel in to herd the Israeli settlers back to Israel and leave the original inhabitants be.
Even though the settlements cause a lot of problems, they are necessary for Israel to keep their national security and that needs to be respected. This is the biggest part of the issue. Since we cannot infringe upon sovereignty, we cannot do anything about the settlers. The Federated States of Micronesia is of the upmost belief that while this endeavor will be a long and somewhat painful one, there will be a solution to this problem, and we will find it.
by Grace Canfield representing Denmark from Williamston High School:
Committee: Special Political
Topic: Israeli Settlements in Occupied Territories
Delegate: Grace Canfield
Since the Six-Day War of 1967, Israel has maintained several territories outside of their borders, including the Gaza Strip, Sinai, West Bank, Golan Heights, and East Jerusalem. While they have withdrawn from the Gaza Strip and Sinai, they have still settled and maintained these territories, although they have repeatedly been condemned by the UN because of the legal and movement restrictions that these settlements cause, not to mention the violence that has ensued. Although these settlements have been condemned as illegal by the international community, the Israeli government and the people of Israel still insist upon the necessity of these settlements for the safety of their country.
First and foremost, Denmark would like to recognize Palestine as a state and would strongly urge other countries to do so. Denmark condemns the continued occupation of these settlements, but would also condemn any military action by UN members. Instead Denmark would provide humanitarian and economic aid wherever it may be needed, and would instead suggest a diplomatic resolution to these problems. Denmark would be willing to sign some sort of alliance or agreement with Israel to provide military support with the caveat that they must withdraw from these territories and that support would only be provided in the event of a military conflict between Israel and its surrounding nations. Denmark, however, most strongly encourages a peaceful and diplomatic resolution to this conflict first and foremost and hopes that little violence and military action will ensue in the resolution of this conflict.
by Rebecca Manack representing Germany from Williamston High School:
Israel has had settlements in occupied territories since after the Six-Day War ended in 1967. Since 1967, Israel has voluntarily given up its settlements on the Egyptian Sinai in 1982, and Lebanon. However the settlements at the West Bank and Golan Heights have remained throughout the years. Repeatedly the UN has attempted to pass resolution in order to further establish the illegality of these settlements. The Israeli settlements have been catastrophic to the Palestinian populations in the vicinity. They have displaced 3.7 million Palestinians and by erecting massive border-walls they have alienated many towns in Palestine from one another. Yet Israel, despite all attempts made by the UN, still claims the occupied land. Israel reasons that this land further allows them to defend itself against Palestine. According to Article 52 of the 1907 Hague Regulations the confiscation of private property is prohibited, however it may be seized temporarily by justification of military necessity. This article thus establishes that the occupation is legal, while these conditions exist.
It is the view of Germany that the occupation of Palestinian land lights another fuse the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. We believe that this situation must be dealt with tactfully in order to not throw the Middle East further down the road from the goal of peace. Germany urges Israel to show restraint in the building of settlements. We are bewildered by the fact that the settlements in occupied Palestinian land has risen by 70% year-on-year in the first half of 2013. Germany has repeatedly declared to the Israeli government that these rapidly increasing settlements are being used as permanent area and thus they are not within the conditions proclaimed in Article 52 of the 1907 Hague Regulations.
Many attempts at establishing the illegality of these settlements have been in vain thus far. However, Germany feels that in order to solve this problem first we must convince Israel to discontinue any additions to current settlements in West Bank and Golan Heights. This is major step needed in order to aid in the alleviation of tension between the nations of Palestine and Israel.
by Zak Zazula representing United Kingdom from Vicksburg High School:
The occupation of the Palestinian territories and their push for security is very concerning to the people of the UK. We believe that the issue of Israel's security concerns is overstepping the boundaries in which Palestine was granted statehood last year. Therefore, they have the right to govern themselves and not be forced under Israeli rule. The people of the UK believe that Israel needs to be restricted on its goal to continue to control Palestine and extending its rule over the West Bank and Golan Heights as well. Because of Israel, countless Palestinian families are struggling to survive because they are being cut off from the resources and supplies their state so desperately needs. The UK believes that a land swap is absolutely necessary like the one proposed at the 2000 Camp David Summit and Israel needs to give up the land they stole from the Palestinians! however, we believe this swap needs to go about non-violently and peacefully to ensure that there isn't a massacre similar to the attack on Palestine last year. The UK also believes that the international community must address these issues that have impacted The Palestinians with great devastation to their human rights and national sovereignty. We believe that the international community needs to respond by assisting the Palestinians in providing resources and supplies for the struggling families by raising funds through donations by the people of the international communities and those who feel our idea will work to the favor of Palestine. We believe that the UN will take time in considering our approach and will help decide what is right to do about the situation with the assistance of the other countries.
by Emma Holcomb representing Rwanda from Royal Oak High School:
Rwanda recognizes the concern that many nations express over Israeli settlements in Palestine. The settlements are clearly problematic on the basis of international law and human rights, as even the Israeli High Court of Justice recognizes. However, continual calls for Israel to end the settlements have clearly been ineffective. Little has been achieved beyond preventing the construction of further settlements. If the goal of the committee is to ensure stability in the region, we must recognize that the conflict between Israel and Palestine over the settlements is perhaps more destabilizing than the settlements themselves, and that the immediate end of the settlement communities would be destabilizing in of itself for both the Israelis and Palestinians living in them. It is the opinion of the Republic of Rwanda, therefor, that alternative action must be taken if the international community wishes to see this issue resolved and stability furthered in the region.
The most viable action that could actually lead to the resolution of the conflict is dialog between representatives of both parties. If the United Nations could facilitate a dialog between Israel and Palestine specifically for the purpose of resolving this issue, Rwanda is confident that both parties would be able to reach a solution. Both Israel and Palestine have the best interests of their people at heart, and a dialog could help relieve tensions between between the parties that have been created by this conflict and is ultimately a destabilizing force in the region. Talks would also allow for the consideration of the well-being of all those who live in the Israeli settlements, Israeli and Palestinian alike. Rwanda recommends that the committee provide a timeline for such dialog and clear parameters for what conflict the discussion would be attempting to resolve and recommendations as to what the international community views as potential desirable outcomes.
Of course, the well-being of the Palestinian people must be addressed. The moratorium on new settlement construction contributes to this end as it prevents further displacement of people, but developmental aid in capacities such as business and agricultural development are also necessary. Israel's cooperation with the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) and the large donations that the Palestinian Authority receives each year for the purposes of development are both promising and demonstrate that this development can continue to occur.
Ultimately, calling for an end to current settlements will not lead to a resolution of the issue. Even if Israel were to comply, uprooting the settlements and their citizens could create more instability and resentment than that which the region already faces. Only Israel and Palestine can find a solution that contributes to the stability of the region but addresses the needs of all living in settlements. The international community, by providing a framework for the discussion and supporting the Palestinian people through further economic development assistance, can facilitate a reasonable solution to the issue of Israeli settlements in Palestine.
by Aidan Pace representing Morocco from Williamston High School:
Israeli Settlements in Occupied Territories
The occupied territories that the Israelis have built settlements on refer to the land that Israel occupied during the Six-Day War in 1967. There were two other areas that Israeli settlements were in, but they evacuated those areas and now the main settlements are along the West Bank. The problem is that the Israelis, while they are only putting up settlements, are believed that they are attempting to change the status of the West Bank to an Israeli state. This is bad because they are breaking the Oslo Accords. These accords stated that neither Israel nor Palestine would attempt to make any move towards changing the status of the West Bank.
This problem affects Morocco because if the two countries of Israel and Palestine begin another feud like they have had in the past, Morocco will be stuck between both of the countries. Morocco is allies with both Palestine and Israel, so if a feud began or if an all out war began between the two, Morocco would not be able to take a side because Morocco is an ally with both countries.
To solve this problem, Morocco will meet with leaders from other countries and provide aid that is needed to keep the West Bank neutral, but Morocco still wants to remain as neutral as possible so that we do not make an enemy out of Palestine nor Israel. If there are military conflicts between the Israelis and the Palestinians, Morocco will oblige to sending in military aid to return the West Bank to a neutral zone.
by Samuel Ozminkowski representing Saudi Arabia from Saline High School:
Delegate: Sam Ozminkowski
School: Saline High School
Representing: Saudi Arabia
Topic: Israeli Settlements
Israeli Settlements in the West Bank, taken as a result of the Six Day War in 1967, remain the most important obstacle to peace in the Middle East. This illegal occupation has caused significant tension and has resulted in human rights abuses in the region, as the UN Human Rights Council has found. The Israeli Settlements have also caused economic hardships on the people of the West Bank. They have caused ethnic related violence in the region between Israelis and Palestinians in the settlements. The settlements fragment Palestinians and deny them access to basic rights such as healthcare and even water. Though UN Resolution 242 calls for the evacuation of the occupied territories, Israel continues to defy this and continues its oppression of the West Bank. Israel claims that they need the settlements as buffer zones. This is simply not true. They are oppressing people based on a pack of lies.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia supports further UN action requesting or requiring Israel give up its occupied territories in the West Bank. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia supports actions to further UN Resolution 242. It supports action helping displaced Palestinians to be reunited with their homeland, as well as helping them get water and healthcare. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia would support measures to recognize Palestinian statehood.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia believes that we will find common ground on this issue with other Middle Eastern nations such as Jordan and Syria.
by Rimmer deVries representing Australia from Saline High School:
Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories
Rimmer de Vries
The Israeli settlements in the occupied territories in the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, Golan Heights and East Jerusalem all began after the British left the whole situation in the current area of Israel due to the bad political rest after the Exodus refugee boat. Putting the survivors of concentration camps back into camps on an island just off the shore was a little bit much for the country of England. After World War II, the world was essentially redrawn and the Palestinians were left in a bad situation. Their land that they have lived on peacefully with other people with different faiths for centuries was suddenly changed forever. After the war, Zionism was a major factor taken into affect by the Jewish population. The major influx of Jews into the area led to the eventually kicking out of the Palestinian people, which in turn made the internally displaced people in a predicament. Even after the wars between Israel and the surrounding nations, Israel has not given up the areas that were being held inside the state of Israel. Israel gave up the Sinai Peninsula but not the 4 areas currently being discussed. Its a issue because for the people in the West Bank they are treated as if they are from a different country not even being allowed to enter Jerusalem and are forced to live in a state that the people of Palestine do not even have a recognized area to live in even though in the last century they already lived in. The PLO has been a strong force in the recent years advocating for the military use to get back their land. The situation has gotten worse because the Israeli government has built a protective wall around the land of Israeli for protection.
Australia will be very supportive of aid to the people but the leaders of both of the groups will have to come to terms and be able to figure something out. Whether it be 2 different nations or let the settlements be removed and have the peoples of each able to freely live in the areas.