The Great Lakes Invitational Conference Association

North Korea

For decades, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) has been one of the most secretive countries in the world. Widespread restrictions on fundamental human rights, forced labor camps, and an elusive nuclear program have driven global concern. The DPRK is seen by some countries as the “crossroads of radicalism and technology.”

 

The DPRK has exercised communist rule over its 24 million citizens, tightly controlling daily life. Travel is severely restricted, for foreigners into the country but more so for its citizens leaving the country. Media is severely censored, as is speech. Amnesty International has released reports that hundreds of thousands of people have been put into prisons and labor camps for violating its strict controls on daily life or disagreeing with the government. Aside from lacking basic freedoms, citizens of the DPRK face difficulties in obtaining basic utilities such as refrigerators, washing machines, and even bicycles, and they often rely on aid agencies, like the United Nations, to provide food. China, long the DPRK’s closest – and arguably only – ally, also provides a great deal of food and other essential supplies. However, given how tightly-controlled access to the country is, international agencies find it difficult to ensure that aid reaches those people most in need of receiving it.

 

In addition to the ongoing humanitarian crisis, the DPRK has spent decades developing nuclear weapons, which has long been of great concern to the international community. Multilateral efforts to forestall a North Korean nuclear program came to naught when the DPRK tested its first nuclear weapon in October 2006. This was followed by another test in May 2009, and several more since. While this alone is a serious threat to international stability, the development of missile technology would constitute a quantum leap in the country’s ability to threaten its enemies. The DPRK has been trying to manufacture long-range nuclear missiles for years, in an effort, some fear, to target Western countries in Europe, but moreover the United States. In 2017, the country made several announcements of nuclear success, firing missiles that were believed to be able to pass Japan and even reach the United States. All three missiles crashed into the ocean. In April 2018, the DPRK announced it was ceasing nuclear weapon tests, and pledged to denuclearize a testing site in the northern region of the country. However, there are ongoing signs that the DPRK is continuing to improve and expand infrastructure at strategic nuclear sites.

 

Though human rights abuses are rampant, the global community is more concerned about a worldwide nuclear crisis. In conjunction with flight tests of short and long-range, as well as anti-ship missiles, DPRK is feared to have enough plutonium for eight nuclear weapons. Previous accords, treaties, and resolutions have not been kept the DPRK accountable in de-escalating its nuclear program. A multilateral solution is necessary to prevent a global nuclear crisis.

  • Katiesundeen
    Katiesundeen November 13, 2018 Reply

    Country: United Kingdom
    Committee: UN Security Council
    Topic: North Korea
    Delegate: Katherine Sundeen
    School: Williamston High School

    Being one of the strictest Communist States in the world, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK, also more commonly known as North Korea) is seen by the international community as the “crossroads of radicalism and technology.” Not only are they torturing their own people by deprivation of fundamental human rights, but their advances in nuclear weapon technologies are a threat to the entire world, especially P5 nations. The issues began after the end of World War 2, with the Soviet Union occupying the northern half of the Korean Peninsula and the United States occupying the southern half. Within the next year, Soviet-backed leaders arose from the population (Kim Il-Sung being one of them). The South then declared independence in 1950, which sparked the Korean War. The war ended, but no real solution was reached until 1972 when the two countries issued a statement on peaceful reunification. In 1974, Il-Sung started the tradition of familial rule over the regime and designated his eldest son as his successor. In 1985, North Korea joined the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, and in 1991 they joined the United Nations. In 1993, however, the first accusations came of North Korea violating the treaty, and they fired a missile into the Sea of Japan. In 1996, the country sent thousands of troops into the demilitarized zone between the countries and backed out of the agreement that ended the Korean War. The situation has escalated since, and with the leadership of Kim Jong-Un. In 2018, however, North Korea sent a team to the PyeongChang Winter Olympics, and Kim Jong-Un has said he wants to reduce nuclear weapons on the peninsula and work towards a less hostile environment. The problem is, many actions from the country (such as the treatment of their people) suggest otherwise; the international community cannot possibly know what to believe.
    The United Kingdom, despite being on opposite sides during the Korean War, has maintained diplomatic relations with North Korea since 2000, when the countries opened residencies in London and PyeongChang. The United Kingdom also provides English language and human rights training for diplomatic leaders of North Korea and greatly encourages them to allow a visit from the UN Rapporteur for Human Rights. They also oversee various bilateral humanitarian projects in North Korea. Despite this, North Korea has been harsher in the last few years; they have advised British officials that their safety would not be ensured past 2013, in response to UN Resolution 2094 (reinforced sanctions on North Korea) and their deteriorating relations with the United States and South Korea. In 2016, British SIS assisted the North Korean Ambassador to Britain in a defect to South Korea. In terms of the United Kingdom’s position on nuclear weapons, they have strict policies in place to protect themselves and the surrounding countries. The policy essentially states that the weapons will be kept because there are posing threats to the country and its NATO allies. However, the United Kingdom abides by the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and has not tested a nuclear missile since 1991. We also have the smallest percentage of the global stockpile of nuclear weapons for any nuclear state and remained committed to the NPT.
    As aforementioned, the United Kingdom understands that North Korea still stands as a posing threat to the entire global community, which is why we are choosing to keep our nuclear weapons, and will not hesitate to use them if absolutely necessary. Having said this, the United Kingdom would look favorably upon a solution that promotes global cooperation with North Korea; we have encouraged them to open their borders to the UN Rapporteur for Human Rights, and we don’t want to cause the nation to become more secluded. Because of the amount of trade that the United Kingdom does with surrounding nations, we would look favorably upon a solution that encourages North Korea to become more economically involved. The goal of the Council should be to provide a way for North Korea to become more integrated into the global community.

  • Chenxia
    Chenxia November 13, 2018 Reply

    Committee: UNSC
    Topic: North Korea
    Country: Sweden
    Delegate: Xiangyu Chen
    School: East Grand Rapids High School

    Over the past decades, the DPRK has been testing nuclear weapons, raising many international concerns. The DPRK is one of the most secretive countries in the world, making it even harder to understand the situation within the country. Recently, from efforts led by the United States, tensions have gone down slightly and DPRK announced that it was ceasing nuclear weapon tests. However, in the past, the DPRK has proven to be unreliable and untrustworthy when it comes to signing and agreeing to treaties. This, along with evidence that the DPRK is continuing to develop its nuclear program in secret, has again started to raise international concerns.

    According to World History at KMLA, Sweden during the Korean War “[dispatched] a field hospital, organized and staffed by the Swedish Red Cross” to the Korean peninsula. “Sweden…avoided to actively take sides on the South Korean side during the war” like most United Nations members and instead chose to remain neutral. After the Korean War, left-wing politicians in Sweden were among the first to campaign for the recognition of North Korea. In the Article “North Korea-Sweden Talks Focus on ‘Peaceful Solution’ to Nuclear Conflict’”, The New York Times points out that Sweden is also among the first and only western countries to have an embassy in North Korea, and the two countries have always been in good diplomatic relationships. According to the article “EU delegation arrives in North Korea today”, in 2001, Sweden’s Prime Minister Mr. Goran Persson was the first Western Leader to visit North Korea in centuries to head a European Union Delegation for talks with North Korea’s then-leader Kim Jong-il. In the article “Sweden happy to host US-North Korea talks”, Politico reports that recently in March 2018, North Korea’s current Foreign Minister Ri Jong-Ho visited Sweden to discuss the upcoming North Korea and United States Summit. Sweden acted as the mediator and is happy to host the talks.

    Speeches from UNSC meetings and UNSC records show that over the past couple of years, many resolutions have been passed imposing sanctions on the DPRK, pressuring it to give up its nuclear program. In 2017, the DPRK continued with its nuclear program despite the sanctions, raising concerns from leaders in countries around the world. The United Nations retaliated by imposing even stricter sanctions in hopes of cutting the DPRK’s resources and stop it from continuing with its nuclear program. Until early 2018, when the DPRK started to meet with leaders from the United States and South Korean to talk about potential denuclearization. At this point, the main focus of the United Nations Security Council is to ensure that the DPRK has completely denuclearized and that the sanctions stay in place until clear evidence of denuclearization has been shown.

    Sweden believes that the Security Council must be wholly unified when ensuring that the DPRK has fully denuclearized. In order to restore international peace and security, we must work together as we have thus far. Sweden also believes that the sanctions be kept in place until the DPRK meets all expectations from the UNSC and that all member states fully implement the sanctions. Diplomacy has been making progress recently and should continue to be encouraged and supported. It is also important to include the International Atomic Energy Agency early into the process of investigating the DPRK’s denuclearization to help ensure the complete denuclearization of the peninsula. Finally, according to investigations conducted by the UN, sanctions in place have worsened the humanitarian need in the DPRK. Sweden supports all efforts to send aid groups to the DPRK to help those in need.

  • Riley.t.wilson
    Riley.t.wilson November 14, 2018 Reply

    Riley Wilson
    Peru
    United Nations Security Council
    Grand Rapids City

    Repeated violations of international law by the DPRK has forced Peru to remove ties from the country, ties that can be traced back to the 1980s in which we worked closely with North Korea. Their repeated testing of ballistic missiles, expansion of their nuclear program, and refusal to follow international law forced Peru to declare North Korean diplomatic officials persona non grata.

    Peru has long been a supporter of the removal of nuclear weapons across the world. We are a signatory of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, along with other non-proliferation treaties, and believe that the removal of nuclear weapons are something that we as an international body should make the top priority. North Korea’s nuclear program poses a grave threat to this goal, and their building of nuclear weapons could cause other countries to follow suit. It is because of this goal that Peru wants the Security Council to pursue aggressive action against the behavior of North Korea. Peru calls on all nations to follow in declaring North Korean diplomatic officials persona non grata, and to cut off trade with the nation. The maintaining of international sanctions is also necessary to force the hand of the DPRK. Peru would also ask that we reaffirm resolutions past, such as Resolution 2397, condemning the missile tests, and freezing the assets of North Korean banking officials and their Ministry of the People’s Armed Forces should all be priorities of any resolutions or directives from the Security Council.

    The time of standing idly by as North Korea continues to ignore the rule of international law is over. North Korea poses a threat to nuclear non-proliferation across the globe, and as a result action that is more aggressive than previous action by this council, along with a reaffirmation of past resolutions, is necessary. Not only is action by the United Nations important, but individual countries must act, and their actions should be protected by this body.

  • Vipuladu
    Vipuladu November 14, 2018 Reply

    Security Council
    North Korea
    Republic of Equatorial Guinea
    Vipul Adusumilli

    The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), better known as, North Korea, has escalated global tensions through nuclear weapon tests and its atrocious human rights violations. North Korea has been testing Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) which can potentially reach the United States of America. North Korea earlier this year, has stated that they have stopped nuclear tests. The United States and South Korea have had negotiations with North Korea on the topic of denuclearization, however, North Korea has stated that they will restart nuclear tests if the United States does not lift some of their sanctions. The Security Council must take action to address the nuclear crisis and humanitarian crisis in North Korea.

    After Francisco Macías Nguema was overthrown, Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo became our president in 1979. Nguema’s family however, fled to Pyongyang where his three children were raised by the North Korean government. The Equatorial Guinea recognizes its previous ties with the North Korean regime, however we have severed economic ties and repatriated North Korean workers. We have cut trade and are investigating North Korean activities in our nation. As our report to the UN states, we took these actions “with regard to the sanctions imposed by the United Nations Security Council against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, concerning the prohibition of the continued development of weapons of mass destruction.” We have taken measures such as, putting an end to “all activities” of a North Korea agricultural company called “Miramax”, which was operating in the Oveng municipality. The company, “has liquidated its assets and expatriate staff have already returned to North Korea.” In Equatorial Guinea’s forestry and environment subsector, the activities of a North Korean forestry company, identified as “Chilbo,” was similarly halted. According to the current Security Council resolutions, member states are required to repatriate North Korean nationals earning income in their jurisdictions immediately, but no later than December 22, 2019. Equatorial Guinea’s actions detailed in the report, would be in line with Resolution 2397. The North Korean Embassy in Malabo was told “to cease all commercial activities and urgently repatriate all citizens of that country, while the Government considers other arrangements and measures in this regard.” Equatorial Guinea is diminishing its ties with North Korea and recommends other countries to do so as well.

    The Republic Equatorial Guinea urges the full of denuclearization of North Korea. We further urge nations to not assist North Korea in any form excluding humanitarian aid. We would support a resolution to encouraging a nuclear free zone in the Korean Peninsula. We hope nations, especially the permanent nations in the security council, will compromise for the safety of the world rather their national interest and gain.

  • Lauralynch
    Lauralynch November 14, 2018 Reply

    Committee: UNSC
    Topic: North Korea
    Country: Ethiopia
    Delegate: Laura Lynch
    School: Royal Oak High School

    Since World War II, the increase and overall escalation of violence between and within countries has skyrocketed, causing the proliferation and stockpiling of nuclear weapons to be a larger threat to international peace and security than ever before. The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea abandonment of their commitment to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Agreement in 2003 and subsequent building of nuclear, biological, and chemical stockpiles in combination with prior tension within the peninsula has been a point of contention since its conception. As an original signatory and party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty, Ethiopia has been a leader in supporting nuclear disarmament, and believes that that de-escalation of tension in both the Korean Peninsula and Eastern Asia as a whole.

    Denuclearization is imperative to peace in a larger scale, and the only way to do so an inclusive, future-forward agenda aimed at establishing a reconciled future for the Korean peninsula. The nation of Ethiopia firmly stands behind sanctions previously waged by the Security Council due to the stagnation in conditions within DPRK. The delegation of Ethiopia would like to address the widespread violations of the unanimously implemented sanctions, including both petroleum trade and other financial transactions. However, we strongly do not believe sanctions alone will lead to a permanent solution or peaceful future. Historically, sanctions on North Korea haven’t made a strong level of progress or real effect on the government as a whole, and only worsen humanitarian issues within the country.
    Ethiopia believes that a sustainable solution and long-lasting progress will only come through diplomacy and dialogue, viewing the peace talks between North and South Korea hopefully as well as agreements such as the Pyongyang Declaration that have come out of them. Ethiopia seeks to increase such peace talks and expand them to a broader scale. An establishment of peace talks between select Security Council members directed toward denuclearization and a positive outlook on future, long-term reconciliation and integration within the Korean peninsula and as well as the international community would be beneficial toward all members involved. With annual peace talks there can be an establishment of goals, and with each reconvene and evaluation sanctions and other repercussions can be re-evaluated. Additionally, Ethiopia believes that military action regarding this issue should be entire off the table, being less than an option considered the potential possible nuclear warfare holds.
    As a council we face many complicated roadblocks in attempting to peacefully de-escalate this issue. Firstly, we must tackle the question of stagnation in terms of this matter and how to get around it. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in report GOV/2018/34-GC(62)/12 on North Korea stated there was evidence toward the “continuation and further development” of the country’s nuclear program. Additionally, How should we establish and regulate these proposed peace talks? What goals should be set in regard to them?
    The nation of Ethiopia looks forward to continuing a path of determined diplomacy, feeling optimistic about the progress that has already been forged within the last year in regard to the manner. No matter what the solution ultimately is, we must ensure that it will be long-lasting and that there’s unity in the decision by the council. Ethiopia looks forward to working with other delegates in committee in order to forge these solutions.

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    Jake Wilcox November 14, 2018 Reply

    11-10-18
    Submitted To: United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
    From:The Republic of Kazakhstan
    Subject: DPRK
    Delegate: Jake Wilcox
    The Republic of Kazakhstan is appalled by the lack of progression by the DPRK towards denuclearisation. Despite DPRK’s lack of historical progress towards denuclearization, The Republic of Kazakhstan remains faithful in its belief that diplomacy will bring an end to this crisis. The Republic of Kazakhstan is encouraged by the recent agreement between the leaders of the DPRK and the Republic of Korea in Pyongyang and considers this a great first step towards denuclearization. Of course this is only a first step and we as the UNSC must establish further progress towards the goal of denuclearization in the DPRK.
    Any resolution passed must hit these two criteria in order to adequately bring about progress towards solving the issue at hand. Firstly, any resolution must find a way ensure progress towards denuclearization. Secondly, it must ensure that the DPRK will actually follow through with the ideas laid out in the resolution. The DPRK has a history of pulling out of treaties and agreements and we must ensure that this resolution stays.
    Overall this committee has the extremely important opportunity to work together towards finding a effective solution for denuclearizing the DPRK. One possible solution that the committee should entertain is perpetuating the continuation of peace talks in the region. The Republic of Kazakhstan implores this committee to only consider solutions of a diplomatic nature in this sensitive topic. Diplomacy is the only thing that has had a semblance of working in the past, whether that be in treaties like NPT or continued peace talks with The Republic of Korea. In conclusion the Republic of Kazakhstan hopes for continued peace talks throughout the region as well as further peace talks put in place by the UN.

  • Ckuntzman
    Ckuntzman November 14, 2018 Reply

    Committee: United Nations Security Council
    Topic: North Korea
    Country: The United States of America
    Delegate: Caroline Kuntzman

    The Democratic People’s Republic, also known as North Korea, is somewhat of an oddity on the global stage. The lives of its people are highly restricted by many factors, including but not limited to heavy state censorship, limited travel opportunities, and no freedom of expression, religion, or assembly. Approximately 42% of its people are undernourished, and yet its government continues investing about a quarter of its GDP on nuclear weapons development. 70% of its people are dependent on aid, but, due to its military policies, heavy sanctions limit the people’s ability to receive help. North Korea’s nuclear program is highly controversial and a very important issue to global security, although the development of its biological and chemical weapons programs are also significant. Due to its heinous human rights record, many countries are deeply concerned by the state having access to such powerful weapons.

    North Korea was previously signatory to the NPT (Non Proliferation Treaty), but removed itself from the agreement in 1994. Over the years, the United States has made many attempts to work on a disarmament agreement with North Korea, such as the 1994 Agreed Framework in Geneva, the Six-Party talks, and many meetings in New York and Pyongyang; none were successful. In 2018, North Korea president Kim Jong Un and US President Donald Trump met in Singapore and signed an agreement that stated both countries were committed to establishing better relations in interest of peace and prosperity, to establishing a “stable and lasting regime on the Korean Peninsula”, and working towards denuclearizing North Korea.

    While the United States believes relations with North Korea are improving, they do not intend to reduce sanctions or increase aid to the country at this time. Should North Korea comply with disarmament goals, this policy will be reevaluated, but until then the United States believes North Korea must be held accountable to do what it has promised. The United States wishes to continue meeting with North Korea and other nations in the region to discuss how challenges such as nuclear disarmament can be addressed.

  • Calvinwatry
    Calvinwatry November 14, 2018 Reply

    Netherlands
    UNSC
    North Korea
    Calvin Watry, The Roeper School

    The Netherlands recognizes the importance, and danger of nuclearization in North Korea. However, the Netherlands is appalled by the mistreatment of the DPRK’s people by their nation’s leaders. The Netherlands supports the idea that sanctions must be placed onto DPRK as to protect the world from catastrophic warfare. The Netherlands has spoken many times about its support for sanctions on things such as oil and textile. These sanctions were imposed by the Security Council in response to the missile testing of the third of September 2017. The Netherlands believes that this was a good step towards showing that DPRK cannot continue on its current course of threats to the people of the world. If DPRK continues its course of actions the sanctions must become tighter. Upholding international order and justice is one of the Netherlands’ top priorities.
    In the past the DPRK has been conducting these nuclear tests with no desire to recognize the consequences of the actions conducted, thus harming their people and economy. However, presently the DPRK has shown more effort to lessen the tension between it and the Republic of Korea. After the leaders of the two nations met in September of 2018 the leader of ROK, president Moon, had stated optimism towards achieving denuclearization on the Korean peninsula. This meeting provides some confidence that armed conflict can be avoided. The Netherlands believes that the only way to properly achieve peace is to avoid conflict. The Netherlands also stresses its support of diplomacy in this situation and that denuclearization must happen quickly in order to lift the sanctions placed on the DPRK. When the sanctions are lifted the economy will begin to become better, thus there may be more opportunity for better treatment of the people in the DPRK. If the people are not treated better, then humanitarian aid must be given to the people of the DPRK with the incentive of more sanctions to be placed if the DPRK refuses to help their people.
    The Netherlands believes that denuclearization can be achieved through diplomacy, but that it must be done quickly. The Netherlands also believes that the well being of the people of the DPRK is of high importance, and actions, such as sanctions or humanitarian aid, must be taken if the economic gains from lifted sanctions do not help.

    Zaken, Ministerie van Buitenlandse. “Netherlands Welcomes New UN Sanctions against North Korea.” Government.nl, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 12 Sept. 2017, http://www.government.nl/latest/news/2017/09/12/netherlands-welcomes-new-un-sanctions-against-north-korea.
    “North Korea’s Kim Wants Fast Denuclearisation, South’s Leader Says.” BBC, 2018, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-45583586?intlink_from_url=https://www.bbc.com/news/topics/cp78wz6vexet/north-koreasouth-korea-relations&link_location=live-reporting-story.

  • JamesA
    JamesA November 14, 2018 Reply

    Committee: Security Council
    Topic: North Korea
    Country: Republic of Poland
    Delegate: James Aidala
    School: Forest Hills Central High School

    From 1950 to 1953, the Korean war raged on as a Cold war proxy between the US and USSR. Once a stalemate was apparent, the Korean Peninsula was divided into two states: the Soviet aligned Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the US aligned Republic of Korea (RoK). The DPRK has been at odds with most nations across the world since its establishment, most prominently the United States, and remains closed monetarily and diplomatically with notable exceptions of the PRC and Russia. This is mainly due to rampant human rights abuses by the current government and deprivation of aid. In 2003, the DPRK withdrew from the NPT, likely signifying the beginning of its nuclear program. In 2006, its first underground nuclear test was conducted, drawing strong international scrutiny. Since then, further nuclear testing has drawn multilateral condemnation and sanctions. Recently, the DPRK has ceased nuclear testing since April and has pledged to denuclearize. It remains to be seen if this promise will be followed through.
    Currently, Poland has diplomatic relations with the DPRK though has been concerned with the status of human rights and nuclear arms. Poland’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs has “strongly condemned” the nuclear testing of the DPRK and sees it as an escalation towards conflict. The ministry implored the DPRK “to immediately stop the provocative tests using ballistic missile technologies and to abandon the ongoing missile and nuclear programme in a complete, verifiable and irreversible manner.” Resultant of recent testing, Poland has banned workers from the DPRK and acted with the EU in enforcing sanctions on trade such as oil and textiles. While Poland commends the DPRK in its steps to denuclearize, follow-up actions will be key to determining our future outlook.
    During this session of the Security Council, Poland would like to see steps taken to completely, verifiably, and irreversibly denuclearize the Korean peninsula and would seek to make such terms equitable to all involved. All perspectives on the matter will be taken into account in finding a solution compliant with international agreements and applicable to all fronts diplomatically, economically, and militarily. The risk of nuclear conflict in the region is too great to be ignored and it is urgent that the Security Council secure peace for all involved.

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    Nick Smith November 14, 2018 Reply

    Committee: USNC
    Topic: North Korea
    Country: The Plurinational State of Bolivia
    Delegate: Nick Smith
    School: Vicksburg High School

    There are many problems with the way the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea operates. It not only denies its own citizens fundamental human rights but endangers them and lives of citizens in other countries by continuing to run nuclear tests, after the country has signed specific treaties promising otherwise.
    The DPRK has closed itself off from the world as it has blocked a majority of international aid from entering the country to bring supplies to citizens as well as outside media sources. The Plurinational State of Bolivia is deeply concerned that the DPRK has been so closed off when it comes to sharing information.
        The DPRK has shown complete disregard for the written agreements it has made to stop producing and testing nuclear and ballistic missiles, as well as the promises to disarm all remaining warheads. They have made threats and promises of using these same weapons on countries around the world. Countries with the means to defend themselves effectively may not blink at the threats, but Bolivia has no way to defend itself should it be attacked in such a way. The fact that the Security Council has had to revisit this topic multiple times, shows the DPRK’s complete indifference to any paper it has agreed to.
        Bolivia believes that this is a situation that cannot go on any longer. The Plurinational State of Bolivia wishes to see this issue resolved once and for all this session, and looks forward to taking part at the end of oppression and international discord.

  • Zheng
    Zheng November 14, 2018 Reply

    Security Council
    North Korea Crisis
    The State of Kuwait
    Alex Zheng

    The situation regarding the Kim regime of The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has escalated. The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea withdrew from the Treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Arms in 2003, and as of 2006 the Kim regime began testing of nuclear arms. In early 2017 the DPRK began testing its ballistic missile capabilities. The first steps to a lasting peace have been achieved by the Trump – Kim summit, although much was said and promised, the United States has halted unilateral war games with South Korea in exchange for dismantling of certain key missile facilities. Amid this progress, as of April of 2018 the USA has maintained sanction and the DPRK has treated to return to its nuclear program. Furthermore, the egregious human rights record of the North Korean Regime must addressed.

    The State of Kuwait recognizes the importance of healthy, bilateral international relationships, we have good relations with both the anti-communist west and the communist east. We have expelled the North Korean ambassador as well as 4 diplomats from Kuwait City in mid September as a response to the DPRK’s latest ICBM test in early September of 2017. As a non-nuclear state, Kuwait believes that weapons of mass destruction have no place in the modern world. Because of past experiences with Iraq and Iran we understand the importance of nuclear weapons for the purpose of deterrence, but the dangers posed by mutually assured destruction are far too great to justify nuclear arms as a means of deterrence. Furthermore, as of this year Kuwait along with other gulf states have stopped renewing work visas for North Korean migrant workers. We will try to create a nuclear free zone that encompases the middle east, as well as modernize the Non Proliferation Treaty. The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has an abominable human rights record, ranging from forced labor camps to the three generation policy, the DPRK has a egregius humanitarian crisis. By not renewing visas for several thousand North Korean migrant worker we hope that the DPRK will devote less state assets to weapons of mass destruction and more resources towards the betterment of the DPRK’s own citizens.

    The State of Kuwait suggests that the UN broker a formal end to the Korean War. Following that, a withdrawal of troops from the demilitarized zone, as well as dismantlement of the North Korean forward artillery positions facing South Korea to be supervised by United
    Nations weapons inspectors. We also encourage of a withdrawal of United States and all other foreign troops from the Korean peninsula. We will also push for a halt in North Korean production of weapons grade nuclear material as well as a gradual dismantlement of current nuclear arms. Kuwait will push for loosened sanctions against the North Korean regime granted that they follow through on their end of the bargain.

  • Charliej1221
    Charliej1221 November 15, 2018 Reply

    Committee: UN Security Council
    Topic: North Korea
    Country: Cote d’Ivoire
    Delegate: Charlotte Howald
    School: Saginaw Arts and Sciences Academy

    The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), or North Korea, has been considered the most secluded country of the present day. It has been considered an international concern by the UN in regards to the possession of nuclear weapons. Nuclear advancement is an immense concern to nations such as Japan, the United States, and other P5 countries. The DPRK has been known not to stay constant to their commitment of resolutions in the past, so sustainable actions must be taken. While the main concern of the committee should rightfully target nuclear weapons and the threat that collectively comes with, a spotlight should also be on the citizens of the DPRK. North Korean citizens have to live with total government control, meaning the economy is under the strict control of the government, who, in turn, funnels all finances into the nuclear weapon programme. All citizens are an under rigid surveillance system used by the government to spy, with no right to privacy. The state controls the media, meaning any news or information is incredibly biased and recognizes the government as all-ruling. Since 2006, the United Nations wanted to implement ten sanctions upon the DPRK, in which only four were passed. If all sanctions were to get passed, the DPRK’s export earnings could reduce by nearly 95% within two years, leaving them with the only choice to cooperate with the United Nations.

    Cote d’Ivoire has zero possession of nuclear weapons, and since 1973, has been a state party to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT). The nation has also signed and ratified the UNSCR 1540 and hosted an “Inter-Parliamentary Union Seminar for African Lawmakers on Implementary the UNSC Resolution 1540” in 2004 of which 74 parliamentarians from 18 states attended and participated. It was stated that a big concern is if the nuclear weapons fall into the hands of terrorists, or “non-state actors” as committee member Isidor Marcel Sene of Senegal stated at the Seminar held in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire. Cote d’Ivoire is troubled by the threat of nuclear war, but the nation is even more so disturbed at the treatment of the citizens of the DPRK. It is a strong belief that the United Nations should once again condemn the violence in North Korea and “use all necessary means to protect life and property” as they have done once before in Cote d’Ivoire.

    As the United Nations Security Council, it is within our responsibility to protect citizens and their rights as human beings. With a population of 25.5 million citizens, it is within the UNSC’s best efforts to guarantee the people of the DPRK rights and freedom. Cote d’Ivoire believes that nations must cut all trading ties with the DPRK in order to reach cooperation between the UN and North Korea, which will then lead to an effort towards global peace. Only when attempts and possible completion of denuclearization are proven should sanctions upon the nation be lifted. For this to be possible, inspections of the nation must occur to show the progress that would be made within the country of North Korea. Cote d’Ivoire hopes to work with other nations to produce solutions in the interest of helping the citizens within the authoritarian state and create international safety.

  • avatar image
    Andrew Cichy November 15, 2018 Reply

    Country: Russian Federation
    Committee: UNSC
    Topic: North Korea
    Delegate: Andrew Cichy
    School: Kalamazoo Central High School

    The Russian Federation recognizes the potential risks to the not only the global community but the fate of our planet in general that the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) poses, however, we have very much distaste for the current handling of this fragile situation. Throughout the early 50’s in the twentieth century, North Korea militarily presented a real threat as a potential danger to the Korean peninsula. However, since the late 60’s their economy has stagnated and their people are suffering. The environment in the country is deteriorating. With one of the largest natural resource deposits in the world, there should be absolutely no reason for this economic stagnation. This problem, however, surfaces from global pressures for political change in the nation. The United States, as of late, been the primary proponent and instigator for fueling the conflict in the region. There adversarial attitude toward the nation has done nothing except to increase tensions within the region and mobilize the Korean People’s Army and increase threats of creating a nuclear power in the region.
    According Alexander Zhebin, director of the Korean research center of the Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Far Eastern Studies, despite all assertions that the new restrictions will have no negative humanitarian consequences for the civilian population, the resolution de facto blocks the DPRK’s foreign trade operations and its access to the system of international settlements, which the country will find extremely hard to make. This is referring to UN resolution 2270. To name a few others that have significant impacts on the North Korean economy, UN resolutions, 2321, 2371, 2375, and resolution 2397. These are simply from the last two years alone. Russia has taken action in order to reduce the economic hardships on North Korea, our great nation has forgiven nearly $11 billion of their debt in 2012.
    The solution is simple, remove sanctions on DPRK and allow for its industry to grow. These sanctions have not worked in the past it is the definition of insanity to do the same thing over and over again and expect different results. Passing a resolution mandating more sanctions is insanity. We need to create incentives for DPRK to stop its nuclear program and blossom into a stable nation, their resource deposits are massive and their country is structurally capable of developing with its geographical positioning. Finally, handling this matter with restraint is of the utmost importance rash and impulsive comments towards the leadership of DPRK will do nothing except incite them to start a nuclear war.

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