The Great Lakes Invitational Conference Association

HIV/AIDS

Around 37 million people worldwide have contracted the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). HIV weakens the immune system by attacking CD4 cells, also known as T-helper cells, which are a type of white blood cell. There is no cure for HIV/AIDS; someone who contracts HIV will have it for the rest of their life. It is estimated that only about 70% of people living with HIV know that they have it – the virus can remain asymptomatic for many years. The most common routes of HIV transmission are the following: sexual intercourse, sharing needles or injection equipment, blood transfusions, and mother-to-child transmission through pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. If allowed to progress, HIV will eventually cause Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), the most advanced and severe stage of HIV. With the immune system depleted, the body is unable to prevent and manage infections and health problems which would otherwise be insignificant.

 

Great strides have been made in the treatment and prevention of HIV. The incidence of HIV transmission during medical procedures has been greatly reduced by the screening of blood, sterilization of medical equipment, and other precautions. Outside of the medical context, needle and syringe programs are an effective method of reducing the spread of HIV among people who inject drugs. However, these programs remain rare, in part due to the criminalization of drug use. For HIV-negative people at high risk of contracting the virus, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a medicine which can prevent infection even if one is exposed to the virus. For people living with HIV, treatment with antiretroviral therapy (ART) can lead to a long and healthy life. Moreover, a person whose HIV has been suppressed through effective ART cannot transmit HIV sexually or to their infant through mother-to-child transmission. Still, people on ART need regular medical supervision and support to take their medication as prescribed. Missing doses of medication not only harms the individual’s health but also can contribute to the evolution of drug-resistant strains of HIV.

 

Medical research has also expanded the availability and accuracy of HIV testing. Rapid diagnostic tests can give results quickly, even in less than an hour. HIV self-test kits allow an individual to test themselves in private, though follow up with a healthcare professional may be needed to confirm a positive diagnosis. In accordance with standards for medical ethics, HIV testing ought to be voluntary and confidential. The World Health Organization recommends that HIV testing be paired with counseling and referral to resources, including voluntary assisted partner notification services.

 

Even with the existence of effective treatment and prevention options, HIV remains a great public health challenge. Though often overlooked, children and adolescents make up a significant portion of the world’s HIV-positive population, and the virus remains a contributor to infant mortality. For this reason, infants exposed to HIV need testing and treatment just as much as their adult counterparts. Adolescents are also a vulnerable population. Teens often lack accurate information about sexual and reproductive health, and HIV-specific services may be less accessible to youth. Both children and adults can experience discrimination based on HIV status, whether in areas of employment, education, or social services. Finally, while effective antiretroviral therapies exist, they can often be prohibitively expensive for people who lack health insurance or a substantial income. Any adequate solution must both work to reduce the spread of HIV and work to ensure the quality of life for people living with HIV.

  • Vaishk
    Vaishk November 9, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Philippines
    Vaishnavi Krishnan

    The current HIV/AIDS epidemic is widely believed to have begun in the 1970s. During the next decade, the number of cases skyrocketed as the disease spread from its roots in the Congo to all of the continents. Due to a limited understanding, many individuals came to false conclusions that stigmatized those with the disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) launched the Global Program on AIDS in February of 1987, aiming to raise awareness and offer funds to countries facing the epidemic, as well as promoting research and the rights of those afflicted with HIV/AIDS. In the next year, WHO designated the first of December as “World AIDS day”. Many countries, like the Philippines, had begun to lay the frameworks for treating HIV/AIDS by this point. While the Philippines is considered a “low-risk” country for HIV/AIDS, with less than 0.1% of the population affected, the number of cases has grown 25% over the last decade. The Philippines recognizes the sociocultural risks that HIV/AIDS can pose in a country and thus believes that more research should be done to combat the disease.

    Due to such a low prevalence, HIV/AIDS is not much of an issue in the country; however, the Philippines still believes that preventive measures are key and has implemented programs to combat the disease. In 1992, the Philippines created the Philippine National AIDS Council (PNAC) as the country’s highest policy making body pertaining to the disease. Members of PNAC included government and nongovernmental agencies, along with an association of HIV-positive individuals. PNAC pushed for the Philippine AIDS Prevention and Control Act, created in 1998 to outline ways the disease could be contained. PNAC also developed an agenda for dealing with HIV/AIDS, named the AIDS Medium Term Plan: 2005–2010 or AMTP IV. The AMTP IV provided targets for achieving universal access to prevention, treatment, care and support for Filipinos. The Philippines also offers free antiretroviral treatment, which does not cure the disease but helps prolong the life of individuals with the disease.

    Firstly, the Philippines recommends that the United Nations help build infrastructure so that any program implemented reaches every individual who requires it. Second, the Philippines hopes that the stigma surrounding the disease is reduced so that individuals living the disease can lead a better life and can access treatment without feeling ashamed. Third, the Philippines supports measures that help prevent the acquisition of diseases like HIV/AIDS, including providing education on STIs and contraceptives. Lastly, the Philippines believed that any program implemented must be created in a way that all individuals, including adolescents and youth, can access it easily and affordably. The Philippines believes that these measures can help reduce the number of cases and the social stigma surrounding the disease.

  • Livm711
    Livm711 November 12, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Italy
    Olivia Miller

    The first clinical trace of AIDS was found in June 1981, and its cause, HIV, was discovered 2 years later. Since then, 78 million have been infected with HIV, and 35 million have died as a result. HIV is found in the bodily fluid of an infected person; as a result, it can be transmitted through unprotected sexual contact, blood transfusions, non-sterile needle injections, and childbirth from an HIV-positive mother. To combat this major global epidemic and public health concern, the World Health Organization (WHO) endorsed a five-year plan in 2016, known as the Global Health Sector Strategy for HIV. The strategy includes five guided directions to assist countries: information for focused action, interventions for impact, delivering for equity, financing for sustainability, and innovation for acceleration. WHO cosponsors United Nation AIDS (UNAIDS), the joint United Nations Program advocating for global action on HIV and AIDS, by leading activities on HIV care and treatment in order to eliminate transmission of HIV. Italy agrees with WHO’s statement that “any adequate solution must both work to reduce the spread of HIV and work to ensure the quality of life for people living with HIV,” and thus recommends preventive action and better access to treatment.

    HIV/AIDS is important to Italy because around 130,000 Italians are HIV-positive, of which 39,000 are women and 94,000 are men. Additionally, ⅓ of HIV-infected Italians are unaware of their condition, and around 30% of diagnoses are in individuals who are already in advanced stages of the disease. The consequence of this late discovery is a reduced probability of recovery once treatment begins. In Italy, there are more than 3,000,000 people between the ages of 15 and 64 who use drugs, and almost 400,000 of them are dependent on them. Also, the percentage of prisoners with HIV in Italy is higher than most prisons in the world, with 3.22% HIV-positive, compared to non-Italian prisons averaging 1.9% HIV-positive prisoners. As 26% of HIV/AIDS treatment centers in the world are Catholic-based, the Church in Italy supports a system of shelters for HIV/AIDS patients through Caritas, a relief, development and social service organization. Caritas funds hospices that provide HIV/AIDS patients with live-in care, including meals, and psychological and medical support. In addition to physical support for individuals, the Catholic Church has been very active in vocalizing its beliefs about HIV/AIDS prevention as its teachings proclaim chastity as the only 100% safe way to prevent sexually transmitted HIV/AIDS.

    In order to effectively treat and prevent HIV/AIDS, Italy urges WHO to promote voluntary testing among prisoners at the time of entry and at multiple times during their stay in prison. Each citizen is granted access to treatment, even from prison. Italy wants WHO to recognize this. With pregnant women, the situation is similar. Italy recommends that regular tests are taken during pre-conceptional age to ensure that the mother will not be infecting the baby during pregnancy and that doctors should treat the test as part of the routine of prenatal care. Italy urges WHO to support surveillance and prevention of the disease and create better access to HIV testing, such as providing free tests and reporting. Italy is open to new ways of offering the test to ensure access to all and to identify intervention programs aimed at bringing out the undeclared. Our country suggests that WHO encourages countries to directly involve the people who are already HIV-positive in an active offer of the HIV test, which would be a successful way to bring together individuals uncertain of their HIV status in order to help those who need it. HIV tests should be publicly free of charge in order to ease the process for determining diagnosis. Lastly, Italy recommends promoting chastity and education about HIV/AIDS in order to prevent it at the onset. Italy hopes these measures will help reduce the HIV epidemic.

  • ESatterthwaite
    ESatterthwaite November 12, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Poland
    Ella Satterthwaite

    HIV and AIDS are very real and prevalent threats to the health of people around the world today. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is an STD that can be spread through through some bodily fluids, and it leads to AIDS. Once someone has contracted HIV, the virus begins to break down the immune system focusing on the extermination of CD4 T cells. Eventually, once the count of these white blood cells falls below 200 cubic millimeters, you are officially diagnosed with AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency syndrome). AIDS leaves the sufferer susceptible to illnesses and cancers that could normally be fought off. HIV and AIDS have no cure, but can be treated with ART (antiretroviral therapy) to help slow down the effects of the disease. Using PrEP (a combination of the antiviral drugs tenofovir and emtricitabine) daily, one can also combat the disease before it starts. As reported by multiple clinical trials, PrEP can reduce the chances of an HIV infection by about 90%.

    According to UNAIDS around 36.9 million people around the globe are afflicted with HIV, and only 21.7 million are accessing treatment. In Poland, an estimated 30 thousand people have HIV and about 1,000 new cases are reported every year. Poland recommends HIV testing and offers free and confidential testing to those who want it, in an effort to identify those in need of help. Citizens of Poland with HIV have the same rights as those who do not. Poland criminalized (article 161 criminal code) the intentional spread of the disease in 1997, though the first time the law was used was 2007. A document released by the National AIDS centre details how the Eastern borders of Poland, provinces such as Warmia and Mazury, are less epidemiologically secure when it comes to HIV infections because of their close proximity to Kaliningrad. Rates of HIV have been steadily rising in these provinces, which is a concerning correlation to the fact that Kaliningrad has some of the highest rates of HIV infection in Europe. Poland is focusing on putting more emphasis on preventative treatments along this border and throughout the backcountry of Poland. In another effort to curb the epidemic, Poland has integrated and consolidated ARV (antiretroviral) programs around the country (in response to the 2001 Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS) and now provides free access to them as long as an individual meets ARV criteria.

    Poland supports and complies with the World Health Organization’s suggestions, and looks favorably upon passing more resolutions to help with the AIDS crisis. In a statement to the UN general assembly in 2008, representative Mr. Adam Fronczak of the Polish Ministry of Health expressed his full support on the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (2001) and the Political Declaration (2007). He continued on to speak of the merits of Poland’s programs for those with HIV and AIDS “everyone who meets medical criteria, including marginalized populations, people in penitentiary centres and asylum seekers, overall 3,500 patients, receive treatment”, “Poland was the first country in Eastern and Central Europe to offer a free-of-charge access to antiretroviral medicines and tests, … to people who meet medical criteria”. He also expressed concern about the “limited financial resources” provided to combat HIV/AIDS. It is the wish of Poland, and assumedly the rest of the UN, that universal access to HIV tests and treatments become a reality. Poland wishes to discuss funding for HIV programs and the accessibility and advancements of preventative and antiretroviral treatments.

  • Emmaerlenbeck
    Emmaerlenbeck November 13, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Czech Republic
    Emma Erlenbeck

    The AIDS epidemic has been an increasing issue in the world since the 1980’s. Among the countries affected is the Czech Republic. In the Czech Republic, the HIV and AIDS epidemic is characterized as a low prevalence epidemic. In some sub populations however, the epidemic is more prevalent. The largest sub population being homosexual or bisexual relationships, specifically men having sex with other men. This group makes up 64.7% of cases in the country. Although the Czech Republic is a low level HIV and AIDS epidemic country, the issue is ever increasing. By 2015, a total of 236 deaths were confirmed as a result of HIV/AIDS in the country, with an additional 2,620 positive cases being reported. The Czech Republic aims to focus on at risk groups as well as provide early testing and counseling.

    In The Czech Republic all Czechs have health insurance; therefore, all Czechs have access to HIV care. The country offers many treatments and programs to help those with AIDS. One such program is Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy. Introduced in 1996, the treatment uses a variety of drugs to treat the infection. In December of 2012 the National HIV/AIDS Programme 2013-2017 was enacted. Two of the program’s main goals were to stop HIV infection and to minimize the undesirable impact of HIV infection on individuals and society. The Czech Republic has not yet addressed the issue on an international level, instead opting to focus on domestic policy. The Ministry of Health and the National AIDS programme manager coordinate the multi-sectoral response including the National HIV/AIDS Programme 2013-2017 previously mentioned, preventive activities organized by the National Institute of Public Health, and community based counseling and testing. Many government sectors are involved in the effort, including but not limited to: Ministry of Health , Ministry of Labour Affairs, Ministry of Interior, and Ministry of Defense. There are also a variety of health organizations involved. There have been few statements made by government officials on the issue.

    The Czech Republic urges the United Nations to adopt a program that would be widely available to those who need it. Having early testing available would result in people knowing if they are affected earlier. This would lead to earlier treatments and lower mortality. Having treatment and counseling is also important. The Czech Republic has these programs available to all Czechs, which mostly likely is a factor in the low HIV/AIDS rates. The United Nations can also work to erase the stigma around HIV/AIDS. There are many misconceptions and exaggerations about the issue and the United Nations could work to inform those around the world.

  • Rose5236
    Rose5236 November 13, 2018 Reply

    11-12-18
    SUBMITTED TO: World Health Organization
    FROM: Federal Republic of Somalia
    SUBJECT: HIV/AIDS
    Annie Cardinale

    Presently, 36.7 million adults around the world are living with HIV/AIDS. Research shows that over the past decade, the amount of transmitted HIV has been decreasing. Somalia is glad to see that HIV is being transmitted less, but is still nonetheless concerned about the people who still have to live with HIV and AIDS every day. Despite advances in eliminating HIV, around 1% of Somali adults still face this fatal virus.

    The prevalence of HIV in Somalia is around 0.9% for the entire country. Trading in coastal trading has caused a spike in the prevalence of HIV.. The trading has been done with with countries who have higher HIV prevalence. The Federal Republic of Somalia has trained peer educators on HIV awareness and have conducted HIV sensitization workshops.

    How can we expand treatment for HIV/AIDS? Providing proper resources to countries who do not have sufficient access to HIV/AIDS treatment. By doing this, countries can spread the treatment to those who need it. Another way to prevent the spreading of aids is by education. By educating citizens of countries on the risks of HIV/AIDS and how it is contracted, we can help those who aren’t aware of what HIV/AIDS is and how dangerous it is.

    Somalia hopes by using a combination of getting resources to countries and education, the world can be one step safer from HIV/AIDS. Somalia also wishes that by education, people can be trained to help treat HIV/AIDS in third-world countries. Somalia has faith that the committee can help spread treatment of HIV/AIDS to third-world countries in need of aid.

  • KaylaFleishans
    KaylaFleishans November 13, 2018 Reply

    SUBMITTED TO: The World Health Organization
    FROM: Syria
    SUBJECT: HIV/AIDS
    DELEGATE: Kayla Fleishans

    Syria is a nation that has not had much conflict with the HIV/AIDS virus. Unlike some other countries, HIV/AIDS is mainly spread through heterosexual intercourse, but we do have the chance that an epidemic could occur if our people are not careful. Our biggest problem in the potential spreading of this devastating disease is the many threats to our health care facilities. As the facilities become ever fewer and access to health care decreases across the nation, we are at a continual threat of the possibility of the prevalence of HIV/AIDS increasing in Syria.
    We need to think on how we can decrease the rates of HIV/AIDS among all populations, not just one sort of person. While pre-exposure prophylaxis(PrEP) is a good medication to help prevent HIV/AIDS in all people, women use it consistently less than homosexual men, but the problem is that people having intercourse need to be aware of the risk of sexually transmitted infections(STIs), not just homosexual men. There is also the question of access to care. The less able one is to get access to health care, the less likely they will be able to defend themselves against any sort of infection, including those that are sexually transmitted. We have to find a solution on how we can make preventative measures more easily available to people at risk, while not alienating those living in more rural communities.
    Syria needs to have a resolution passed by this committee acknowledge what the attacks on healthcare facilities can do to a nation in the way of making STIs more prevalent. Syria’s current situation is problematic to the outbreak of STIs, especially for HIV/AIDS, which has not yet been a problem for most Syrians. A good resolution for Syria would include a plan that focuses on all of those who are most at risk for contracting HIV/AIDS, not just one particular community, as across the world it is all people, especially children, who are affected by the disease.
    In committee, Syria will further explain how we as a committee can help to lessen the population of those with HIV/AIDS throughout the world. We look forward to working with the other nations within committee to create a resolution that will help as many people as we possibly can. It will surely be achieved through a strong focus on the value of humanity and hard work with every member of the committee.

  • Alexa.banning23
    Alexa.banning23 November 13, 2018 Reply

    Country: Republic of Moldova
    Committee: WHO
    School: Williamston High School
    Topic: HIV/AIDS
    Delegate: Alexa Banning

    HIV/AIDS is an unacceptable problem faced by multiple individuals worldwide. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has been contracted by 37 million individuals worldwide. There is absolutely no cure for HIV/AIDS, so in turn someone who contracts one will have to suffer the consequences for the period of their lives. One of the saddest things is that 70% of people who posses HIV are unaware that they have it because it doesn’t always show symptoms. If the HIV is untreated it can then cause Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which is the most severe HIV case. These will both lead to major health problems. Working towards the prevention and a quality of life with those who possess an HIV is of great importance.
    The people of the Republic of Moldova are very greatly affected by HIV/AIDS, and have suffered from it for a great amount of time. ​Between the years of 1987 and 2013 there were over 8557 cases of HIV, 2464 of these individuals or 88.8% of which developed AIDS. Sadly, 1752 also died. Yearly, between 700 and 750 people report positive for having an HIV in Moldova. They have created a fund for the prevention of HIV/AIDS. ​In 2018, four projects will be supported by the National Health Insurance Fund, with a target of 60% of needs to be covered from domestic resources by 2020.
    The Republic of Moldova believes that this situation must be solved in an efficient and timely manner. Through funds and awareness this can be productively solved. Some of the NGOs that could be used towards preventing the spread an bad quality of life with those that have HIV/AIDS are: the International Aids Society, Kaiser Family Foundation, UNAIDS, and the World Health Organization. These all have benefits and great contributions towards the HIV/AIDS prevention.

  • Nadirh
    Nadirh November 13, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV / AIDS
    Islamic Republic of Pakistan
    Nadir Hamid

    AIDS, although very young compared to other diseases on the list of the world’s deadliest epidemic has still has had a profound effect on the world causing over 25 million deaths, becoming a serious problem for third world countries and for the United Nations. Because there is no known cure, all countries regardless of wealth are disadvantaged. However, countries who have more wealth are able to spend money in order to discover a cure for the worldwide disease. This committee needs to agree that this is a disease that can only be solved when countries in the United Nations come together and work for a cure for AIDS. Much like finding a cure for any other epidemic, it is fair to say that one country cannot make a difference.

    As The Islamic Republic of Pakistan, we suffer from this issue, and although we can help deal with this issue to some extent, our neighboring countries might not have the resources to do so. In Pakistan however, the government has approved a new ambitious 5-year plan that will be worth 8 billion rupees. The challenge that we encounter now is guidance on what to allocate the 8 billion rupees too. This is where the United Nations comes in giving countries who need guidance, the proper path to gaining a cure for AIDS one.

    Another area for dealing with HIV/ AIDS is through education. Because there is not a known cure, there is no issue when it comes to who can afford the antidote, the main priority is helping others, such as the citizens of Pakistan, to become aware of the threat HIV posses and how to prevent this disease. Education about safe sex, as well as drug abuse, along with encouraging citizens to visit a doctor if they experience any of the symptoms of HIV is crucial in the process of cutting down the 25 million deaths worldwide. According to various healthcare experts, people shy away from visiting the doctor when they find symptoms of STD on their genitalia. This cannot be the case as something as magnanimous as AIDS can claim one’s life.

    The Islamic Republic of Pakistan looks to not only the UN but to all the countries who have resources available to expend for the purpose of attempting to find a cure of AIDS along with educating the world on a disease which millions are unaware of. Many steps are taken
    to contain the spread of STDs such as creating awareness programs, encouraging protected sexual activity and promoting the idea of sexual intercourse with a single-long-term trusted partner. As of 2018, only 1 out of the 3 resolutions have been acted on. As the World Health Organization committee need to create resolutions that takes care of these issues and puts plans into full effect. As Farooq Usmani states in the Express Tribune, “it is imperative that serious and immediate steps are taken to curtail the threat of HIV/AIDS in Pakistan and a multipronged approach with a heavy emphasis on education is carried out to successfully fight societal obstruction and negligence”.

  • MedFrezghi
    MedFrezghi November 13, 2018 Reply

    The United Nations World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    El Salvador
    Medhanie Frezghi

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a very dangerous epidemic that is surfing across the oceans. About 36.7 million people worldwide have contracted the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) with around 5000 new infections every day. Human Immunodeficiency Virus weakens the immune system by attacking types of white blood cells called T-helper cells. There is no cure for HIV or AIDS. It is a very dangerous disease because it can remain dormant for years, only about 70% of people living with HIV know that they have it. HIV can be transmitted through sharing needles, sexual intercourse, blood transfusions, and can also be transmitted from mother-to-child through childbirth, pregnancy, or breastfeeding. If allowed to progress, HIV can lead to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), a very severe stage of Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV can be avoided by cleaning needles after usage or remaining abstinent from sexual activity and avoiding blood transfusions if you can. Adolescents and young people make up the vast majority of people with HIV/AIDS. AIDS is extremely dangerous. With the immune system depleted, the body is unable to prevent and manage infections and health problems which would otherwise be insignificant. But For people living with HIV, treatment with antiretroviral therapy can lead to a longer life.

    Before 1990 El Salvador had a less than one percent prevalence in the adult population reported as HIV-positive. El Salvador was, therefore, a low HIV-prevalence country, but today the virus has become a significant threat in high-risk communities such as commercial sex workers and homosexual men. HIV has risen steadily since 1990 in El Salvador; there are more than 25000 adults and children living with the virus. The amount of deaths from AIDS has also risen since 2014. The UN works to promote HIV prevention among young people in El Salvador. In El Salvador, incidences appear to have declined slightly since 2004, but there is a fear that because of the lack of an effective monitoring system, many Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome cases are not reported. The topic of HIV is a very important issue in El Salvador because it is one of the leading causes of death in some high-risk communities

    El Salvador proposes that the United Nations continue it’s work to promote HIV prevention among young citizens in El Salvador. The United Nations use of education technologies and educational exposure to the young people of El Salvador have helped the government combat the rising problem in high-risk areas. A resolution that calls for increased education in the topic of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome will help El Salvador and other countries around the world combat the rising problem of HIV/AIDS.

  • Allysonsuandi
    Allysonsuandi November 13, 2018 Reply

    Country: United Kingdom
    Committee: WHO
    School: Williamston High School
    Topic: HIV/AIDS
    Delegate: Allyson Suandi

    Globally, the treatment of HIV/AIDS has vastly improved throughout the last few years, however there is still much to be done. Although medical practices worldwide have been informed and have found proper ways to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS, it is very well still possible to contract acquire HIV/AIDS. For example, illegal drug usage involves injections and the usage of needles and syringes that may not have proper sterilization, which leads to the spread of HIV among people. There also needs to be more awareness regarding HIV/AIDS worldwide. Many people such as school children are misinformed regarding the topic of reproductive health. Some do not have education regarding reproductive health at all. The topic of HIV/AIDS specifically may not be included or may be only briefly covered in some school’s sexual and reproductive health education which must change. Alongside having HIV/AIDS those with HIV/AIDS also have to suffer through other things such as discrimination for having disease in their daily lives in many different areas such as school, work, and places that provide services, etc. People with HIV also have to deal with the expensive cost of medication, especially low-income families and those without insurance dealing with the disease. There is also still no cure for HIV, and with drug resistance it becomes even more difficult to work for a cure. The World Health Organization must continue to work towards not only finding a cure for HIV/AIDS, but also minimizing its advancement and to work towards the betterment of lives of those with HIV/AIDS.
    The biggest problem the United Kingdom has regarding this disease is with late diagnosis and lack of awareness. This lack of awareness creates discrimination for those with HIV. Many people in the UK still discriminate to people with HIV which in the end avert them from certain services. Half of people with HIV who said that they were discriminated against reported that medical professionals have discriminated against them. It is reported that in 2016, 42% of diagnoses of HIV/AIDS occured at a late stage. Being diagnosed late not only impacts the individual who was diagnosed but also makes it extremely more probable for the disease to be spread. However, treatment has been going well for the country and 96% of those with HIV receive antiretroviral treatment (ART). Typically the most common population for those with HIV/AIDS in the United Kingdom are men who have sex with men and black Africans. The government has strongly suggested that those who have sex without condoms test at least once a year. Also, in 2016 it was reported that 1 in every 100 people who receive drug injections have HIV, and 51% of these people were diagnosed at a late stage. Although the United Kingdom has attained the WHO target of the distribution of 200 syringes for each individual who injects drugs per year, it has been found through a survey from the Public Health of England that less than half of those who had injected drugs in the past month had proper sterilized needles and syringes. It is required for primary schools and secondary schools to have relationships and sex education whereas in private schools it is not. The United Kingdom has stated in its National Curriculum that it does believe that sex education is important for all.
    As the World Health Organization, in order to meet the UNAIDS 90/90/90 targets, the first thing that needs to be done is to ensure that public awareness is spread worldwide among HIV/AIDS through campaigns. These campaigns can address the topics such as safe sex, alarming citizens on what HIV is and how they can get it, etc. The United Kingdom has previously created campaigns such as National HIV Testing Week to help bring about knowledge and testing among citizens and recommends countries to do the same, as it worked extremely well for the United Kingdom. Sexual and reproductive education needs to continue to be spread worldwide, with an emphasis of the topic of HIV/AIDS, especially in areas where it is most common. Awareness will also eliminate the stigma of HIV and lead to less discrimination. The United Kingdom believes that the body should create a specific guideline of what the subject of sexual and reproductive education must include. The body must work towards helping those with the disease in terms of getting treatment, paying for treatment, making sure that they continuously receive treatment, and ensuring that they will not be discriminated against. The World Health Organization strongly recommends prompt treatment after a diagnosis, and as a body we must work towards this target. The World Health Organization must provide access to better testing services. Self test kits have extremely helped the citizens of the United Kingdom to receive testing. The United Kingdom recommends all countries to promote these self test kits, as it may seem less alarming compared to being test by a professional.

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    Molly November 13, 2018 Reply

    Country: Israel
    Committee: WHO
    School: Williamston High School
    Topic: HIV/AIDS
    Delegate: Molly Bowling

    HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. HIV eventually leads to AIDS and there are currently 37 million people struggling through their daily lives with this disease. This number can only increase due to the fact that there is no cure for this disease. People living with HIV/AIDS are faced with daily conflicts such as discrimination from peers, fears of getting tested and finding proper treatment. Social issues increase the risk of HIV infection making it difficult to tackle the global HIV epidemic. Some groups of individuals are presented with stigma and discrimination which prevents them from seeking help from HIV services. The stigma prevents proper and safe treatment from reaching those who need it the most. Homosexuality is illegal in 73 countries so many men that are homosexual are faced with high levels of homophobia and can not access HIV services.
    Israel has great interest in resolving this issue because the HIV rate in Israel has increased moderately during the last 30 years and in 2010 reported 5.6 cases/100,000 population. The health ministry said that since 1981, when AIDS first appeared, there has been 9,190 new cases in the country thus far. The Israeli rate is lower than most Western European and North American countries. However, there are large gaps between different sub-populations in Israel. Young people under the age of 18 years might face barriers in HIV testing. Privacy issues is also an issue for ultra-Orthodox, Palestinians, transgender people, drug users and sex workers as it is noted by the respondent that these groups feel unsafe in testing centers.This year the ministry campaign focused on the social networking world and its impact on decisions about safe sex. Israel believes that implementing this on a global scale will be very useful and will help spread awareness for nations worldwide.
    Furthermore, Israel would like to create a proper resolution that makes healthcare and treatment more affordable and easier to obtain, make people more aware of causes and prevention of HIV/AIDS to prevent the number of cases from increasing. And also make the daily lives for individuals that are dealing with this horrible and life altering disease easier and more comfortable. One solution that Israel would like to propose is adding to the advertisement and making people more of the preventative measures they can take to help protect themselves and others. This would help make more people understand the disease better and to keep less people from contracting the disease when they could have prevented it in the first place. Another solution we would like to add to a resolution is making prostitution illegal. Many prostitutes do not take preventative measures and do not take sanitary measures. By making it illegal it would hopefully cut down on the number of prostitutes and therefore the cut down on the spread of disease. Another solution that we feel would help take preventative measures against this disease is making HIV testing free and more private for all ages. This would encourage more people to get tested if they knew that there information was not going to be shared and they did not have to worry about finding a way to pay. Hopefully we can find a way to implement all of these possible solutions to a resolution and get one step closer to eradicating this horrible epidemic.

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    Eva M Talberg November 13, 2018 Reply

    Country: Brazil
    Committee: WHO
    School: Williamston High School
    Topic: HIV and AIDS

    The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has been an impossible target plaguing every corner of the Earth for many years. HIV is especially notable in countries with less stable economies or war stricken areas. Approximately 37 million people are living with HIV, and 25% are not aware of their status. If this does not change, then those who have contracted HIV cannot seek help and could potentially continue to spread the virus without even being aware. 66% of all known HIV cases are in sub-saharan Africa and another significant portion of them are in Asian and Pacific island countries. The groups that have contracted HIV are gay males, young women, and clients of sex workers. Women are also twice as likely to contract HIV than men between the ages of 15 and 24. WHO must work in unity to find an outstanding solution to this pressing and urgent problem, in order to prevent potential future deaths.
    Brazil is a leader in the Latin-American community for suppressing HIV and allowing for accessible testing. Brazil’s health administry admitted a community based testing strategy called Viva Melhor Sabendo which helps reach more members of every community and allow them to have access to at-home testing. Brazil also began a project called the Pilot Project; 53 NGOs from 5 different regions of the nation were selected to administer as many tests and give those administered accurate and swift results. Those administering would target those of similar personal backgrounds (a transgender NGO administering to a transgender person in need of testing), which increased the interest in testing significantly. Transgender, homosexual males, and male sex workers had the overwhelming majority of positive tests, with 10.7%, 4.8%, and 8.7%. The communities involved showed a significant increase in acceptance for testing and 91% said that they would recommend getting tested to those who had not. Non invasive testing through oral fluid HIV tests are efficient, more reliable, and safer than alternatives such as finger pricking. Brazil is also one of the first 30 countries to provide at home, self imposed testing, although it is recommended that one confirms with a doctor if results are positive. For those who already have HIV, ART is recommended and partially covered by medical care, although more research is being diligently put in to find a more effective and less tedious way of diminishing HIV. Brazil does recommend focusing more on steps for prevention rather than a cure with the given options, because costs are simply not possible for the government to cover, and many cannot afford to pay for the tens of thousands of dollars ART can cost if used to its full potential. As a result, Brazil would look favorably upon continuing the steps towards prevention, and attempting at getting 80% of those who have HIV to be aware of their status.
    Brazil would look upon a resolution that focuses heavily on the tedious steps of prevention and awareness, as well as working with scientists and doctors ce from around the world to create a cheaper and faster way of testing. Brazil would also contribute to the potential discovery of new cures, but would like its main focus to remain on the preventative steps. Brazil calls upon countries with a similar status in terms of economic ability and ones who want to help prevent HIV, so it can possible eventually be miniscule or completely eradicated. Education programs in schools could also be increased, to educate children from when they are young about how HIV spreads and why it is so important to be tested, as well as how preventative measures could be taken. Seeing the success of the Pilot Project, Brazil would look favorably upon the possibility of a similar, larger scale, long term version being implemented, and would recommend that others try a similar style project. The Pilot Project also gives the government a good idea about where HIV is most significant and what groups are being impacted the worse. This information can be crucial because different actions have to be taken for these different group with different economic states. Brazil also recommends that countries who are financially able should take leadership in finding a more long term cure, while those who are struggling with current HIV epidemics just work on decreasing the impact of those.

  • Fernando
    Fernando November 13, 2018 Reply

    Oficial Position Paper:

    Topic B: HIV/AIDS
    Committee: World Health Organization (WHO)
    Country: People’s Republic of China
    Name: Fernando Pérez Campos
    School: Instituto Educativo Olinca

    AIDS is a serious illness, which was first detected in the 1980’s, in which a person’s immune system is attacked by an HIV virus. After a period the system gets too weak to fight off the infection, and the person can develop certain a number of symptoms and opportunistic diseases .

    In 2016, according to Global Statistics from UNAIDS, there were approximately 36.7 million people surviving with HIV/AIDS.

    The People’s Republic of China is aware that the HIV epidemic is actually a global threat. Concerned about the health of the population, China has made substantial progress in counteracting its HIV epidemic. Although China has detected a low national HIV rate, it is still of great concern for the population within the country. Unprotected sexual relations is the main process of transmission in the People’s Republic of China, reason why it is of major concern for the country to raise awareness about the ways to contrarrest the spreading of the disease.

    Since the appearance of HIV/AIDS, China’s policy has been oriented towards educating the population regarding preventive measures and the economical support to health facilities dedicated to detecting this virus. Further, in the last decade China has made a significant progress overall, with the increase in national response, and the resulting reduction of the epidemic and increase in the life quality of people living with HIV/AIDS.

    In general, China has fought the epidemic with economical investment in public campaigns and education programmes -focused on migrant workers, teenagers and women- and in the AIDS prevention treatments. These measures have decreased the number of unsafe sexual relations happening around the population and the uncontrolled flow of infected syringes. In fact, these programmes have helped the timely detection of several cases of AIDS, thus preventing the further spread of the virus. Between 2009 and 2014, the number of transmissions among serodiscordant couples decreased 76%.

    China plans to implement and invest in whatever measures required to eliminate this disease ones and for all.

  • Nicholas
    Nicholas November 14, 2018 Reply

    WHO
    AIDS
    The State of Kuwait
    Delegate Stoll of the State of Kuwait
    AIDS
    The disease known as acquired immunodeficiency disease syndrome or AIDS was discovered in June of 1981 and is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus or HIV as identified in 1983. Spread by bodily fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk, it is often transmitted through sexual activities or using infected needles. Originally, AIDS was a rapidly progressing disease that killed infected persons in just over 10 years, but now due to advances in science people who contact the nasty disease have up to 30 years of life left. Starting in 1996 the UN has been working on helping people with AIDS and created the UNAIDS programme which is working to fight AIDS with methods such as antiretroviral treatment. The UN has 11 organizations which act as a worldwide bat signal for countries to come together and help in the battle against AIDS. The General Assembly’s Millennium Summit in 2000 brought world leaders together in order to construct specific goals in order to reverse the current AIDS issue and eventually end AIDS. The war against AIDS lead to the Declaration of Commitment which laid out goals for countries to reach in order to reverse the AIDS epidemic. In 2006, The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria assembly wrote a 53-point Political Declaration discussing the global accesses to AIDS care, treatment, and most importantly, prevention.
    The population in Kuwait is experiencing a growth in the population with the AIDS predecessor HIV. Since 1990 the number of people living with HIV in Kuwait has been steadily on the rise and has multiplied by 10. Also, the number of new infections yearly has also been rising by over 10. Lastly, the number of AIDS related deaths is steadily climbing. Kuwait is rapidly developing its AIDS treatment facilities and has set large goals for its campaign against AIDS. The Assistant Undersecretary for Public Health Affairs at Ministry of Health Dr Majida Al-Qattan stated that “Kuwait is showing huge interest in fighting HIV and AIDS. It is among the first countries to issue a law concerning prevention of AIDS in 1992. The ministry is transitioning to the period where AIDS and HIV will be rare in Kuwait. In case of infection, patients will enjoy continuous health services to achieve high level of health status without any discrimination or stigmatization”.These goals include limiting the the cases of HIV by 50% by 2021 and limiting the number of infected children to zero, but Kuwait there’s more, by 2030 Kuwait would like to completely eradicated AIDS within the State of Kuwait. In order to solve the problem that AIDS produces, Kuwait has initiated many countermeasures such as warning against imported prostitutes and creating humanitarian groups to help with AIDS infected countries.
    Kuwait does not want to Kuwait any longer on helping AIDS sufferers. Kuwait would encourage other countries to set goals similar to the goals which Kuwait has set in order to end AIDS and HIV in Kuwait. Kuwait would suggest worldwide cooperation to solve AIDS issue with help such as technology, funds, and medicine. Also, Kuwait would suggest not using imported prostitutes because they may carry the disease.

  • Calveneauz
    Calveneauz November 14, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    AIDS/HIV
    Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
    Gerry Gergich

    On April 24, 1981, the CDC (Center for Disease Control) diagnosed the first patient with HIV/AIDS. Since then, 1,232,246 people have been diagnosed. Notable people like NBA All-Star Ervin “Magic” Johnson and Freddie Mercury have HIV. Although the rate has decreased, a cure has yet to be found. This needs to change. AIDS has time and time again been proven to not only be a health issue, but a social, political, AND economic issue.
    Afghanistan believes that finding a cure to this epidemic should be of utmost importance. With a high usage rate of opiates like heroin (which is commonly injected using needles that are often reused and extremely unsanitary) the HIV/AIDS virus is passed through bodily fluid. When someone shares a needle, they could very easily pass the virus on.
    Afghanistan is sure that the best way to decrease not only the rate of HIV/AIDS, but also eliminate the epidemic of LIGMA brought upon us by the Sugondeese people, is to first deal with the opiate crisis. The decrease in opiate use, specifically heroin, will be obtained by educating people about the transmission of this deadly disease and how it can be prevented. The UNAIDS council is working towards this already, but more steps need to be taken in order to ensure success. Afghanistan would like to introduce a council that deals with drug problems around the world. We would be willing to spearhead this operation, starting in our own country to decrease the rate of drug use, and consequentially, decrease the number of AIDS related death. This will not only help with many countries social issues, but it will help with economies as well. This is an extremely important topic to Afghanistan because our people have to worry about many other dangers. If we are able to eliminate this one, it will help immensely with our country’s development as we attempt to resurrect our once great nation from a grave dug by the United States military efforts.

  • Alexpadfield
    Alexpadfield November 14, 2018 Reply

    Alex Padfield, Royal Oak High School
    Date: November 6th, 2018
    SUBMITTED TO: World Health Organization
    FROM: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
    SUBJECT: HIV/AIDS

    A harmful epidemic, HIV/AIDS plagues the earth as an incurable disease. A variety of groups, including those of refugees, women, and the homeless, are less likely to possess the ability to attain services within the scope of STD prevention/treatment, creating a larger likelihood that previously marginalized groups obtain the disease. Additionally, though many are aware of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, many still lack the preventative knowledge and access to resources that allow those afflicted by the disease to lead self sustaining lives. With insufficient training in the healthcare sector, collection of data and sanitation techniques become challenges to this epidemic as well. With vulnerable populations especially susceptible to contracting HIV/AIDS, a particular degree of unawareness/lack of access, and a low degree of comprehensive professional training within the healthcare sector in relation to STDs, it is the task of the World Health Organization to develop a sound resolution that combats the challenges continually encountered when dealing with the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

    Creating recent, vast strides in the field of HIV/AIDS, Ethiopia has recognized many of the challenges that burden the global community. Ethiopia has implemented multiple policies that have lowered rates of contraction and have improved access to materials that improve the living standard of Ethiopians impacted by the disease. Even with extensive healthcare policy reform, complications remain. Firstly, how can the prevention/treatment of HIV/AIDS be extended to the sphere of marginalized groups? How can those already living with the disease remain economically self-sufficient (to a certain degree) and not be immediately subjected to lower living standards? How can the course of educational efforts be shifted to include information surrounding proper risk reduction and access to materials such as testing and counseling? What should the notion of ‘proper training’ in relation to healthcare employees include, and additionally, how can systematic data collection be enforced?

    A solid resolution will encompass solutions to the aforementioned issues. Mobilization of governmental and nongovernmental institutions, community based organizations, and private sectors is salient in supporting those living with HIV/AIDS, especially those whose condition is exacerbated by conflict, displacement, and exploitation. This should include measures such as creating income-generating additional opportunities and possibilities for self sufficiency, so as to combat discrimination and reduction of living standards. Healthcare workers shall be more than adequately trained on the necessary medical care for HIV/AIDS patients, and ethical reviews of research shall be encouraged and promoted. Additionally, proper sterilization techniques such as the screening of donated blood prior to transfusion and measures to prohibit transmission through illegal injectors/harmful practices should be included in a resolution. A well constructed resolution should also include guidelines for sexual education that emphasize risk reduction and are implemented within school health education, beginning at a primary level, as well as educational efforts that extend to the community as a whole. Lastly, access to testing, treatment, counseling services, and STD prevention should be made easier and more affordable, as to provide populations with adequate support.

    As a united, international community the opportunity to protect global communities from disease is immense. Working together and enforcing necessary means, a comprehensive resolution can be achieved. The delegation of Ethiopia looks forward to working with fellow nations to resolve the issue at hand.

  • Lilysomers
    Lilysomers November 14, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIVS/AIDS
    Greece
    Lily Somers

    The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a major global public health issue, having claimed more than 35 million lives worldwide. With no known cure, HIV and the HIV advanced stage, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), have launched a global epidemic. Although the first trace of HIV was found in 1981, there is an ongoing concern as it now reaches every corner of the globe. The World Health Organization (WHO) has responded to the crisis by endorsing a new global strategy on HIV that runs until 2021. If successful, the strategy will result in a radical decline in HIV infections and deaths, while also improving the health and well-being of people with HIV. In addition, WHO launched a World AIDS Day on December 1 to promote access to safe, effective, quality, affordable medicines for all people in need.

    Greece experienced a large increase of HIV infections starting in 2011, despite previously having one of the lowest HIV infection rates in Europe. The sharp rise was during the midst of the recession, which led to budget cuts to healthcare system, including HIV prevention programs. On May 11, 2015, the Greek government repealed Health Regulation No. GY/39A, through which people who were suspected to be HIV positive were forced to be tested. This measure also urged landlords to evict tenants who are HIV positive, as they were deemed a public health threat. This regulation often discouraged citizens from accessing the testing, treatment, and care needed. Health Decree 39A was very controversial, especially with The Global Network of People Living with HIV (GNP+), a national organization for people living with HIV in Greece. Although, this law has since been repealed, it left a significant amount of stigma surrounding HIV. Thankfully, the numbers of HIV infections in Greece in 2018 appear to be slowing down compared to the peak in 2012

    Greece has a vast amount of work to do to control and eventually eliminate the HIV epidemic happening within its nation. Following the repeal of Health Decree 39A, there must be a protection of human rights, and a call to reverse the stigma in society. Greece urges that the United Nations spread widespread sex and same-sex education starting at a young age, and update training of health professionals to treat HIV patients with compassion and understanding. Along with continuing to reduce the shame surrounding HIV, so that infected people can seek treatment without feeling guilt and shame.

  • Ludwant
    Ludwant November 14, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Sweden
    Anton Ludwig

    HIV and AIDS are two diseases which continue to pose a great threat to humanity worldwide. If preventative measures are not taken, these diseases have the potential to destroy many lives very rapidly. While incurable, steps can be taken to treat those who test HIV-positive, and many improvements can be made to prevent further infections. Issues which still are in need to resolution today are the prevalence of misinformation regarding its transmission, the steep cost of treatment, and the difficulties of getting a proper diagnosis. Recently, in 2014, the WHO has taken action with the 90-90-90 plan, setting goals for diagnosis and connecting patients to care. This plan proposed that by 2020, 90% of citizens with HIV be diagnosed, 90% be connected to care after diagnosis, and 90% of people with care have an effective suppression of the HIV virus.

    Sweden, as one of the only nations to have met the goals of the WHO set in 2014, would like to see further action to support other nations on their way towards these goals. Many nations face issues with providing access to HIV tests, as well as treatment after a positive diagnosis, and Sweden hopes this committee can reach a resolution which addresses these concerns. In addition, Sweden views the misinformation surrounding HIV and AIDS, especially its transmission, to be a great threat to worldwide efforts of fighting these diseases. While current medications allow patients to live full and happy lives, Sweden would also look favorably upon encouraging research and development of permanent cures towards HIV.

    With these objectives in mind, Sweden hopes to set international guidelines regarding health care and its inclusion of HIV treatments. Cost is an important limiting factor in providing treatment to the majority of citizens, due to the high price of the most effective HIV treatments (antiretroviral therapy, or ART). Providing free or reduced cost access to HIV treatments would both help current patients as well as curb transmission rates due to the reduced amount of citizens not being treated. HIV self-tests are also something Sweden hopes to see encouraged by the WHO, as these maintain patient confidentiality and would make it easier for citizens to get information about their status. In terms of research, it is imperative that there is a greater push for a permanent cure, and Sweden hopes this will be a part of the international research agenda. Lastly, a crucial factor in stopping the spread of HIV and its development into AIDS is informing the average citizen. The delegation from Sweden hopes that the WHO will strive to inform people worldwide of the risks HIV poses.

  • MoeOmran
    MoeOmran November 14, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    United States of America
    Mohamed Omran, Forest Hills Northern
    HIV and AIDS
    Without doubt one of the most deadly diseases on earth, HIV is the greatest public health challenge facing the world today Approximately one million people died from the virus in 2017, and the figures are only increasing. While treatable in first world nations like the United States, AIDS is prominent in third world countries due to their lack of medical expertise and sophistication. The United States aims to help quel the global HIV epidemic and give support to nations with medical and scientific disadvantages.
    The United Nations has an endless list of Non Governmental Agencies that assist people with HIV, one of which is UNAIDS. UNAIDS has set ambitious goals to help halt the AIDS epidemic. The 90-90-90 plan, for example, encompasses a goal to see 90% of people with HIV – diagnosed, treated, and have the disease suppressed by 2020. The United States would like to see this programme acted upon and calls upon the entirety of the governing body to collaborate to achieve the ambitious goal. The USA is home to its own policy directives to fight the AIDS epidemic; ETE is an organization based in New York with targets to reduce new HIV infections to 750 a year and find care for 90% of those affected by AIDS by 2020.
    The AIDS epidemic is not only persistent due to sexual transmission between partners; AIDS can be and is transmitted from other sources such as needle contamination, blood transfusions, or through birth. These are all dangerous aspects of many third world countries’ societies that can be treated with separate policy directives. To start, the promotion of women and gay rights would play a crucial role in ending the epidemic; as women are forced to stay home in misogynistic societies and bear numerous children sometimes with several partners through unprotected sexual intercourse. Additionally, homosexuality is considered illegal and punishable with death in over 70 countries worldwide, if decriminalized the number of gays with HIV who are not able to seek treatment would decrease significantly. The promotion of clean needle and medical habits also could provide additional assistance to the goal of one day eradicating HIV from our species, this can be performed by supporting NGO groups like Doctors Without Borders who seek to aid third world countries with superior scientific technology and cleaner items. By ending these terrible aspects of countries’ everyday lives we can help further treat the epidemic at hand.
    At this conference, the United States would like to a resolution focused on assisting countries in need of medical and scientific support to end their HIV epidemic. Ideally, the resolution would be a collaborative effort and no great burden would fall on western countries with booming economies, as we strive to create a united effort to end AIDS.

  • Tvwestrick
    Tvwestrick November 14, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    United Mexican States
    Mr. Thomas Westrick

    Since 1990, the number of people living with HIV has increased, but at a decreasing rate. The spread of HIV hit its peak in 1997 when there were 3.47 million new infections, but since then, the number of new infections per year has only slowly decreased: there were still 2.1 million new infections in 2014. HIV/AIDs acts insidiously, as 30% of people with HIV don’t know they have it, and it can remain asymptomatic for long periods of time. Without treatment, contracting HIV can lead to AIDs which often leads to death. Also, current treatments need to be precisely prescribed because the virus easily mutates into other strains leaving treatments no longer helpful. Thus, there are many strains of HIV/AIDs. To compound on the already existing public health problems of this disease, many of the disease’s victims are discriminated against in employment, education, and social services–the things necessary to be successful in life. Because the disease already disproportionately affects disadvantaged groups in the world’s population, HIV/AIDs and the hate surrounding it has created a social problem along with a health one.

    Mexico has been a great leader in championing access to antiretroviral therapy. Our current National Strategic Plan is fourfold: first, slowing the spread of HIV by continuing prevention and treatment programmes for HIV at-risk populations; second, eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV; third, reducing discrimination based on sexual orientation; and fourth, ensuring better application of HIV services. To assist in our first goal, our government has provided Mexican residents universal access to life-saving retroviral therapy through our national healthcare system since 2003 (social security not necessary). Before our system, some healthcare providers forced the cost of healthcare on the consumers, and some healthcare providers provided free full access. Once we universalized our healthcare, researchers observed improvements in the adequacy of prescriptions filled out by providers who previously gave costs to consumers. On the other hand, the providers that already provided full access saw no such improvement. As a result of our policies, HIV infections in our country have decreased by 22% and AIDS-related deaths have decreased as well.

    Considering the the results of previously mentioned research, it seems that universal access to healthcare (or specifically antiretroviral therapy) is a promising solution to the public health crisis as a whole. For countries similar to Mexico, ensuring the appropriateness of prescriptions is one of the best ways to prevent the spread and escalation of the world’s HIV/AIDs problems. Thus, for our country and the rest of the world to meet the fourth goal of our National Strategic Plan–the better application of HIV services–we need to improve the adequacy and knowledge of healthcare providers prescribing these treatments by funding the higher education of these providers and the training of doctors. Recognizing that HIV/AIDs is a global issue and that no country can quarantine itself from the rest of the world, Mexico affirms that quick funding for the guidance of physicians (and for adolescents beginning to engage in risky behaviors) is necessary for any solution to the problem. That being said, the rest of the world looks to wealthier, first-world countries to fund any solution, seeing that first-world countries are at just as much risk as the rest of the world.

  • Mmarucci026
    Mmarucci026 November 14, 2018 Reply

    HIV is a virus that hinders the body’s ability to fight off infections. HIV/AIDS contaminates the person for life, yet 70% of people do not know they have the virus. In Algeria, according to the UN, 13,000 people were living with HIV in 2016 but only 76% were receiving antiretroviral treatment. They key populations that are affected by the virus in Algeria are sex workers, gay men, and people who inject drugs; furthermore, new HIV infections and AIDS related deaths have increased over the years. HIV/AIDS stands as a growing problem in the country of Algeria in seeing an expanding area becoming affected.

    As we see the everlasting effects of HIV/AIDS on the country of Algeria, we shall not choose to agree with any resolution that conforms to the progression of the virus or one that does not address it. Our primary concern in making legislation is to lessen the amount of people affected by the virus and prevent the spread. There is also a need to strengthen community stakeholders in order to mobilize funding and to promote political advocacy and dialogue on stigma and discrimination at the community and governmental levels.

  • Barry
    Barry November 14, 2018 Reply

    Committee: WHO
    Country:Indonesia
    Topic: HIV/AIDS
    Throughout the world HIV hurts and takes thousands of lives per year. A disease that slowly kills people shouldn’t be taken lightly and should have more funding put forth by countries in search for a cure. In Indonesia the government has worked to decrease HIV infections by 22% since 2010. Despite these AIDs related deaths have increased which brought are government here to the UN in hopes to working peacefully together in search of a cure. Indonesia is hoping to work on a solution to help inform people of the ways HIV infiltrates the body and the ways to prevent it from happening. Spreading knowledge and bringing scientist together from different countries to help find a cure Indonesia feels should be the main goals for this conference. Indonesia is looking to do this by having every country help fund it along with working on having it taught in schools more thoroughly world wide.

  • Reichel_Zhang
    Reichel_Zhang November 14, 2018 Reply

    Reichel Zhang
    Republic of Peru
    World Health Organization
    City High Middle School

    Combating HIV and Aids is very serious to Peru. HIV can be passed down during birth through mother-to-child transmissions and can be found in Sex workers, gay men, transgenders, prisoners, and many more groups of people in Peru are affected by HIV. In 2016 alone, Peru has discovered over 2,700 new HIV infections and 70,000 people were living with HIV. This resulted in around 2,200 deaths that were caused by AIDS while only about 60 percent of the 70,000 people in Peru were getting treatments like antiviral therapy. The country is suffering in a crisis where only 85 percent of the pregnant women living in Peru were receiving treatment or prophylaxis. This resulted in over 100 children being infected with HIV because it is being passed down through childbirth. This is proof that Peru is suffering drastically from HIV and it needs serious help to combat it.
    Peru, the rest of Latin America, and many other nations are currently experiencing a HIV/AIDS. Peru encourages the United Nations to come together and combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Peru was shown to have the largest reduction rate in HIV compared to other Latin American nations. This shows that Peru is willing to show initiative in combating this issue. In order for this to be accomplished nations around the world need to also show initiative and collectively work to combat this issue. If the committee fails to pass resolutions combating HIV/AIDS than many more individuals in Peru are going to die from HIV/AIDS. The HIV/AIDS epidemic has taken too many lives. There are so many treatments and solutions, the United Nations just need to come together and create better health care and more opportunities for the treatments to be done. For these reasons, I ask nations to be prepared to show initiative and cooperation to solve this worldwide epidemic.

  • Reichel_Zhang
    Reichel_Zhang November 14, 2018 Reply

    Reichel Zhang
    Republic of Peru
    WHO
    City High Middle School
    Combating HIV and Aids is very serious to Peru. HIV can be passed down during birth through mother-to-child transmissions and can be found in Sex workers, gay men, transgenders, prisoners, and many more groups of people in peru are affected by HIV. In 2016 alone, Peru has discovered over 2,700 new HIV infections and 70,000 people were living with HiV. This resulted in around 2,200 deaths that were caused by AIDS while only about 60 percent of the 70,000 people in Peru were getting treatments like antiretroviral therapy. The country is suffering in a crisis where only 85 percent of the pregnant women living in Peru were receiving treatment or prophylaxis. This resulted in over 100 children being infected with HIV because it is being passed down through childbirth. This is proof that Peru is suffering drastically from HIV and it needs serious help to combat it.
    Peru, the rest of Latin America, and many other nations are currently experiencing a HIV/AIDS. Peru encourages the United Nations to come together and combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Peru was shown to have the largest reduction rate in HIV compared to other Latin American nations. This shows that Peru is willing to show initiative in combating this issue. In order for this to be accomplished nations around the world need to also show initiative and collectively work to combat this issue. If the committee fails to pass resolutions combating HIV/AIDS than many more individuals in Peru are going to die from HIV/AIDS. The HIV/AIDS epidemic has taken too many lives. There are so many treatments and solutions, the United Nations just need to come together and create better health care and more opportunities for the treatments to be done. For these reasons, I ask nations to be prepared to show initiative and cooperation to solve this worldwide epidemic.

  • Cbaney171
    Cbaney171 November 14, 2018 Reply

    Connor Baney, Mattawan HS
    Nigeria
    WHO: HIV/AIDS

    HIV/AIDS has been arguably the biggest health concern of the past 50 years. The HIV virus was theorized to have developed in Southern Cameroon in the early 20th century and spread from there. Although HIV has become less stigmatized over the years, the effects of these initial misconceptions have had drastic consequences. HIV was first studied in the US in 1981 and since then knowledge on the subject has improved. While cases and rates in western nations have decreased, there remains a large amount of ignorance on the topic in less developed countries. HIV has had an economic impact from a national standpoint and obviously at an individual standpoint in many of these nations. Often times, individuals are too impoverished or have an inadequate access to healthcare sufficient to provide for those affected.

    In Nigeria, this problem is especially prevalent, as Nigeria led the world in HIV/AIDS related deaths in 2017 at 150,000. Although the percent of people infected with HIV in Nigeria is only 2.8%, which places 21st internationally, due to the high population of Nigeria, many people are impacted. Currently there are roughly 3.1 million people living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria, which ranks second, all statistics according to the CIA World Factbook. The risk of contracting an illness in Nigeria is very high, and this stems from a lack of adequate medical professionals in Nigeria. Only 59.6% of the population is literate, which causes many in the nation to not properly understand the effects and risks of the illness. This serves a crisis nationally and working to mitigate the effects of this virus is imperative.

    Solutions to this include offering better healthcare at the national level, as well as trying to focus more finances on this issue. Due to the lack of doctors, offering better incentives could help, as well as trying to reach out to the international community for help more.

  • avatar image
    Hannah Johnson November 14, 2018 Reply

    HIV, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, has been a problem in the Plurinational state of Bolivia since the first case of it was diagnosed in 1985. In May of 2007, since the epidemic had been brought to light, the Government of Bolivia addressed a total of 2,464 cases of HIV. Since then the epidemic has been widely spreading, with large concentrations of men having sex with men (MSM) with an HIV prevalence of 25.4% and sex workers, with an HIV prevalence of 4.3%. The HIV National Strategic Plan, started from 2013 up until this present day, is the response for the country of Bolivia to prevent or reduce new HIV infections. The country of Bolivia makes it their most important priority to provide health treatments for those affected by HIV/AIDS.
    Another dramatic health crisis is AIDS, Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease Syndrome, which has been increasing at a fast pace for the country of Bolivia. In the Latin American Region, an estimated 1,900,000 people were living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2004. UNAIDS/WHO had estimated an overview five times higher for Bolivia. This is unfortunately many times lower than the neighboring countries; Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru. Those following countries deal with even more dramatic numbers of people dealing with the crisis that is HIV/AIDS. A possible explanation of the low rates of HIV can possibly be explained by under reporting, along with socioeconomic and cultural factors. For the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the Government of Bolivia has a political commitment to the standing of it. Bolivia’s health system only reaches 70% of the population, which in turn takes a lot of Bolivia’s funding. The dedication to confronting this epidemic from Bolivia’s point of view is to have continuous improvement and constant responsive measures.

  • avatar image
    Hannah Johnson November 14, 2018 Reply

    Mental Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Bolivia
    Hannah Johnson

    HIV, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, has been a problem in the Plurinational state of Bolivia since the first case of it was diagnosed in 1985. In May of 2007, since the epidemic had been brought to light, the Government of Bolivia addressed a total of 2,464 cases of HIV. Since then the epidemic has been widely spreading, with large concentrations of men having sex with men (MSM) with an HIV prevalence of 25.4% and sex workers, with an HIV prevalence of 4.3%. The HIV National Strategic Plan, started from 2013 up until this present day, is the response for the country of Bolivia to prevent or reduce new HIV infections. The country of Bolivia makes it their most important priority to provide health treatments for those affected by HIV/AIDS.
    Another dramatic health crisis is AIDS, Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease Syndrome, which has been increasing at a fast pace for the country of Bolivia. In the Latin American Region, an estimated 1,900,000 people were living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2004. UNAIDS/WHO had estimated an overview five times higher for Bolivia. This is unfortunately many times lower than the neighboring countries; Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru. Those following countries deal with even more dramatic numbers of people dealing with the crisis that is HIV/AIDS. A possible explanation of the low rates of HIV can possibly be explained by under reporting, along with socioeconomic and cultural factors. For the HIV/AIDS epidemic, the Government of Bolivia has a political commitment to the standing of it. Bolivia’s health system only reaches 70% of the population, which in turn takes a lot of Bolivia’s funding. The dedication to confronting this epidemic from Bolivia’s point of view is to have continuous improvement and constant responsive measures.

  • Lauren.hicks01
    Lauren.hicks01 November 14, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Canada
    Lauren Hicks

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is an epidemic that cannot be cured. Today, 37 million have contracted HIV. Between 1998 and 2018, the number of AIDS diagnoses was the highest ever reported worldwide. Because of the negative hostility toward the LGBT+ community in multiple countries, many face hate, violence, and stigmatization. Those diagnosed with HIV/AIDS are prone to anxiety, depression, and suicidal tendencies due to this animosity. As well as, it is extremely difficult to find the source of infection and to contact other partners. The United Nations program, UNAIDS, has worked to prevent HIV by providing female and male condoms, antiviral medications, and pre-packaged needles and syringes to all who need them in countries that cannot afford these supplies. UNAIDS Programming Board is committed to end the AIDS epidemic in 2030 and reduce inequalities to HIV and AIDS patients.

    Canada fully supports UNAIDS and supports the United Nations’ 90-90-90 initiative. The initiative is that 90 percent of people living with HIV will know their HIV status, 90 percent of people diagnosed with HIV will receive antiretroviral therapy, and 90 percent of people receiving antiretroviral therapy will have viral suppression. The Canadian Health Act does not cover medication costs to patients with HIV/AIDS, but gives access to free physician help and hospital care. Thus, anyone can be freely tested and examined for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Many who are high risk to get HIV are prescribed Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), a preventative antiviral medication to lower to risk of spreading the disease. Today, 131 countries do not allow PrEP, thereby allowing for the spread of infection. Canada has also created the Canadian Aid Treatment Information Exchange (CATIE), a program to help those diagnosed with HIV and promotes prevention tactics to those that are at high risk of infection, such as PrEP and male and female condoms. Canada will continue to fund UNAIDS and CATIE to support the 90-90-90 initiative and to eradicate the HIV epidemic by 2030.

    Canada proposes the international community of the United Nations to take initiative to provide for the treatment and prevention of HIV and AIDS as well as provide resources for those infected, such as, counseling and partner notification services. Canada also asks that all countries support the World Health Organization (WHO) by working to eliminate the spread of HIV through mother-to-child transmission, sexual transmission, and contaminated needles.

  • GriffinRansom
    GriffinRansom November 14, 2018 Reply

    Country: Belgium
    Committee: WHO
    Topic: HIV/AIDS
    Delegate: Griffin Ransom
    School: Williamston High School

    Around 37 million people worldwide have diagnosed with HIV. HIV weakens the immune system. There is no cure for HIV/AIDS; someone who contracts HIV will have it for the rest of their life, with everyone who has HIV only 70% of people know they have it. The most common ways HIV is transmitted from person to person is unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing needles or injection equipment, blood transfusions, and mother-to-child transmission through pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. People infected with HIV carry the virus in their body fluids, including blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk. Symptoms are not a good indicator of HIV infection, because many people don’t experience any symptoms for many years. Even if you look and feel healthy, you could still be infected. If HIV is allowed to progress the victim will recieve AIDS, which is the most advanced and severe stage of HIV. Medical research has also expanded the availability for people to test if they have been diagnosed with HIV.
    Statistics from 2011 show that 24,506 people had HIV, then only 4,181 developed AIDS. 49.6% of the diagnosed cases were transmitted through heterosexual contact, Secondly, HIV cases transmitted through sexual contact among men were at 46.6%. Third, 1.3% of HIV cases were transmitted through injected drug use. And 1.0% of HIV cases were transmitted from mother to child. Unlike other countries in Europe, Belgium offers HIV testing by all practitioners, clinics, hospitals, and student services. Not taking into account the people who are not aware of their infection, there are an estimated 20,000 people who are infected. In 2014, Belgium launched a strategic plan on HIV that has three central pillars, HIV prevention; testing and treatment; and care and support. Despite relatively low numbers of people living with HIV in Belgium, the AIDS epidemic remains a concern as the rate of new HIV infections has not declined in recent years.
    Belgium proceeds to go with their plan they made in 2014, the plan was developed through a highly consultative process with the engagement of a range of actors including people living with HIV, key populations, medical professionals, community activists and national authorities. Belgium also wants to continue their availability for testing citizens to see if they have been diagnosed, if so give them the treatment and care they need. Belgium hopes that most or all countries within the EU support what actions they are taking towards HIV and AIDS and would be interested in taking a stand with Belgium to make even more and stronger actions in the fight against HIV and AIDS.

  • NavidHasan1
    NavidHasan1 November 14, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Saudi Arabia
    Navid Hasan
    In 1983, scientists discovered the virus that causes AIDS. This was named the human T-cell lymphotropic virus-type III, later named to human immunodeficiency virus. This disease has spread to over a bit under 37 million people. This epidemic progressively kills the immune system, making the body increasingly more susceptible to diseases all around the spectrum. This disease, at the moment has no cure and is spreading throughout all of our countries. Many countries have resorted to quarantining people with the illness as to not spread the disease. This disease has been stigmatized by many, keeping distance from those who have contracted the disease from other people. People have been discriminated against due to their situations, due to the particular situations in which the disease is contracted. People are slut-shamed, called junkies, and baby-killers. Saudi-Arabia has decided to search for ways of diagnosing the population, and developing some way to help those who have contracted these diseases.

    Saudi Arabia is focusing on the native people of the Kingdom. Expats, found to have contracted the disease, are to be put into solitary confinement until deportation. This is done to limit the increasing rate of HIV within our country, and to protect our own people from this disease. Saudi Arabia’s ministries are sending out mobile units for HIV diagnosis and AIDS-related counseling. Many charities have been made such as the Saudi Charity Association for AIDS patients, which are raising money to fund research and aid to those who have these illnesses. Saudi Arabia is working ceaselessly to solve this issue, in order to save the 16.7% of people in Saudi Arabia having AIDS. This problem is affecting the present of Saudi Arabia, and if not stopped immediately, it will have a fatal effect on Saudi Arabia’s future as well.

  • KatherineMooney
    KatherineMooney November 14, 2018 Reply

    11/12/18
    SUBMITTED TO: World Health Organization
    FROM: India
    SUBJECT: HIV/AIDS

    The issue of HIV AIDS is one that can not be ignored. Around the world people of all ages suffer from these diseases. It is time the international community begins to forge ahead in their pursuit of better lives for those affected by these illnesses. Not only must we consider the quality of life for those living with HIV/AIDS but also the prevention of spreading the disease. NGO’s and government agencies already in place may serve as templates for new international programs.
    Before diving into a resolution the members of this committee must consider the following; how can governments take a role in educating their people on the spread and causes of HIV? How will religion and culture affect potential solutions? What can developed nations do to assist underdeveloped nations in their pursuit of better programs? It is critical that we consider each of these questions as they all impact every country in different ways. Education is the first step in prevention. If people are unaware how they are spreading the disease or are unaware that they are exhibiting the signs of HIV they increase the risk of infecting others. We must also account for different cultures in our solutions, in many religions sex is meant for one thing, having a child. Proper contraceptives are difficult to obtain and can lead to unsafe sex. The issues of under education as well as lack of contraceptives is more common in underdeveloped countries. Developed countries must lead the way in putting new programs into place.
    India would like to see the development of programs within countries focusing on bringing awareness about these diseases to their people. Through mass publications and awareness campaigns nations can spread facts of the diseases to their people. As countries improve the awareness of the issue they can begin to advance programs in prevention and treatment. In countries where awareness programs are already in place India wishes to see them expanded and the focus shifted to changing the behavior of citizens to limit the spread of HIV. Using prevention methods mentioned in our background guide such as blood screenings and sterilization of medical equipment during procedures and the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis countries can expand programs and protocols to reduce spread of HIV.
    Both education and prevention programs offer long term solutions to begin assisting the current crisis. For short term solutions the committee may take into consideration the formation of clinics to act as stand ins for the long term programs. Clinics could offer contraceptives, treatment and information for those seeking assistance. Over all this committee holds much potential for improvement of current policies as well as the development of new policies.

  • avatar image
    Robert Janes November 14, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/Aids
    The Arab Republic of Egypt
    Robert Janes
    HIV/AIDS has become an endemic that is seemingly impossible to stop. The spread of HIV/AIDS is constantly increasing, and it is an issue that needs to be stopped. In Egypt, only about 16,000 people are diagnosed with HIV/Aids, with only 24% of people receiving ART treatment. We realize that we have been lucky with a small number of infections every year, but we recognize the need to increase treatment across the global community. Egypt is behind the sustainable development goals that plan to end AIDS by 2030. Egypt urges the WHO to consider expanding the funding for the Sustainable Development Goals in order to accelerate the eradication of AIDS.
    Due to Egypt’s low infection rate, we would like the WHO to focus on helping more infected nations. It is in the global communities best interests in preventing further spread of HIV/AIDS. We would like the direct more effort towards helping children who are at risk of being diagnosed. Egypt is again quite lucky with having a very low infection rate among children, but would still like to stress the importance of having treatment readily available for children. Antiretroviral therapy is an option that is accessible for most people with less severe cases of HIV and AIDS. Egypt would like the WHO to consider the expansion of resources to research a cheaper alternative or make ART more available for impoverished families. Combining the expansion of ART funding along with programs that could educate people on how to avoid contracting HIV/AIDS would be very effective in limiting the spread of the disease.

  • Lirose2022
    Lirose2022 November 14, 2018 Reply

    Committee: World Health Organization (WHO)
    Topic: HIV/AIDS
    Country: Netherlands
    Delegate: Rosalyn Li

    HIV continues to be a major public health issue, claiming more than 35 million lives, and more countries are trying to implement antiretroviral therapy (ART) along with better diagnostics, treatments, and service deliveries. However, in 2017, 940,000 people died from HIV-related causes, and approximately 36.9 million people were living with HIV at the end of 2017, with 1.8 million people becoming newly infected. Compared to 2010, a much greater majority of people now have access to ART, an estimated 17 million at the end of 2015. As a result, many of the world’s most affected countries have reduced HIV related deaths from 1.5 million in 2010 to 1.2 million in 2017. Standard ART consists of the combination of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to suppress the HIV virus to stop the progression of the disease and the prevention of the transmission of HIV. Young people and adolescents, especially young women and girls, are still being left out in the HIV response. Women from 15-24 years old are at a higher risk of HIV, accounting for 20% of the new infections compared to the 11% of adults who contracted HIV. Gender norms, inequalities, obstacles to education and health services, poverty, food insecurity, and violence are drives in the increased vulnerability.

    In 2017, an estimated 23,000 people lived with HIV in the Netherlands. The Netherlands has a concentrated HIV epidemic or a low prevalence of HIV in the general population but a higher prevalence in smaller sub-populations. Transmission of HIV is mainly driven by men who have sex with men (MSM) and immigrants from high-prevalence countries. Since 2011, there has been a decreasing trend of those diagnosed with HIV. Internationally, the Netherlands has been one of the most influential parties in the war on AIDS, in both programs and funding. UNAIDS and the Kaiser Foundation listed the Netherlands as the number one per-capita donor on HIV, and the third international donor in absolute terms, after the United States and the United Kingdom. Due to the funding from the Netherlands, the proportion of people in Africa living with HIV who receive ARVs has grown to 28%. In addition, the Netherlands works closely with other governments, civil society organizations, researchers, and people living with HIV. The Dutch value prevention as a high priority, for ARV is not a cheap treatment. In December of 2011, the Netherlands published their first national policy regarding STIs and HIV. The plan was developed by the Centre for Infectious Disease Control in collaboration with the Ministry of Health Welfare and Sport. An HIV surveillance system is in place where eight health services report data and information to the RIVM/CIb. Many centers provide free of charge HIV testing and care primarily for high-risk groups and young people. The Netherland strongly promotes safe sexual practices as a primary form to prevent HIV. School plays a crucial role in informing the youth. Among drug users, harm reduction has proven to a be cost-effect yet successful approach to prevent HIV. In the Netherlands, the principle is that everyone in need should receive health care which includes HIV. HIV treatment, as a result, is available for all patients in the country. In 2016, there were 27 HIV treatment centers that provide high-quality care in the Netherlands. All costs can be covered under either health insurance, an international social security regulation, or a bilateral social security convention. However, stigmatization and discrimination due to HIV infections are still a problem. Currently the Dutch are normalizing tests and treatments as an effort to reduce these. The Ministry of Health maintains the position that HIV individuals should not be prosecuted for unsafe sex.

    Similar to most epidemics, there are three main components to battling any disease. First is prevention, second is direct combating, and last is after-effects. Prevention is especially crucial in combating HIV because of its expensive treatment costs. A major part of prevention is also countering stigma and discrimination from the after-effects of HIV. The first part of prevention is a nation-wide surveillance program, similar to what the Netherlands has. A surveillance program would include communicating with the patient to find the best treatment method. The second part of prevention is educating people. Schools are the easiest way to educate people not only about how to stop the transmission of HIV, but to also reduce stigma and discrimination against those with HIV. Finally, in many cases transmission is relevant because people are not tested and not aware that they have HIV. Implementing a system to test people easily will be part of the prevention aspect. The second way to combat HIV is stopping or curing the infection itself. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends ART for all people with HIV as soon as possible after diagnosis. The UNAIDS Fast-Track approach to treatment has also proven to work in countries adopting it. Finally, the after-effects of HIV is mainly stigma and discrimination. As discussed above, the best way to combat that is to educate. While discrimination still exists, transparency of the disease will be small, thus causing more transmissions. With less stigma and discrimination due to more education, it will also prevent more HIV cases.

    Sources:
    Countries Offering Free Access to HIV Treatment. Dec. 2005. World Health Organization, http://www.who.int/hiv/countries_freeaccess.pdf.
    Dutch HIV AIDS Prevention Policy Successful. 8 May 2008. Government of the Netherlands, http://www.government.nl/latest/news/2008/08/05/dutch-hiv-aids-prevention-policy-successful.
    “Netherlands.” UNAIDS, http://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/netherlands.
    UNGASS Progress Report. UNGASS, http://www.unaids.org/en/file/110942/download?token=1Kh__urn.

  • avatar image
    theoriginalliv November 14, 2018 Reply

    The Co-operative Republic of Guyana
    HIV and AIDS
    World Health Organization

    HIV and AIDS has been spread worldwide through sexual intercourse, shared needles/injection equipment, or mother to child through birth, pregnancy, or breastfeeding. Since 2010 new HIV infections have increased by 23% and deaths by AIDs increased by 33%. AIDs and HIV have been spreading throughout Guyana and it does not discriminate. It is estimated that 7600-9200 people are currently living with HIV in The Co-operative Republic of Guyana.
    Guyana currently has organizations like UNAIDs and Ministry of Health’s National AIDS programme working towards a preventions program. We believe that prevention is priority and want guidelines for prevention to be built on equality and human rights. In Guyana sex worker have a HIV prevalence of 6.1%. Men who have sexual intercourse with other men have an HIV prevalence of 4.9%. Less than 100 children received HIV from their mothers.
    Guyana suggest that medical professionals are increased in this country and that all guidelines for any programs must be non-discriminatory. We also need more equipment that prevents the transfer of HIV from mother to child.

  • Rubyjazwinski
    Rubyjazwinski November 14, 2018 Reply

    Committee: World Health Organization
    Topic: HIV/AIDS
    Country: Republic of Uganda
    Delegate: Ruby Jazwinski, Forest Hills Northern

    There has been a rising number of HIV/AIDS victims over the past few years. The crisis is extended to not only people who are aware they have it but also people unaware. There is no cure for HIV; however, there have been improvements in the treatment and prevention of the disease. With these improvements, the issue should be substantially lower but many areas do not have access to the improvements.
    Uganda has almost 1.4 million people contracted with AIDS; this is a very pressing concern. As a still-developing country, there is a lack of good healthcare and even then, the healthcare is mostly provided to people higher in the social system. HIV/AIDS is surrounded by a superior amount of stigma because of the way people contract the disease, so this makes it incredibly difficult to get treatment. Uganda also has lots of different political and cultural beliefs that create barriers to getting treatment as well. Uganda has made different strides in the area. The drugs needed to the treat cases have been previously imported to Uganda; currently, there is a plan to start making them locally. This would lower the cost and would make treatment more available to others.
    Lack of sexual education is a huge factor since the majority of people can not correctly determine how to contract AIDS. Giving people a proper education could help prevent the problem. Sexual assault is very common as well and a big contributor to AIDS. Helping give protection against that could also lower the number of children with the disease. Sending more supplies and having people getting checked more often could benefit areas greatly. Ending the stigma with AIDS would be superior as well.

  • SamhithG
    SamhithG November 14, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Samhith Ginjupalli
    UAE

    HIV/AIDS has been a topic of concern around the world since the 1980’s. There is no known cure to this disease, and if contracted could last for one’s entire life. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV leads to AIDS or the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. More than 630 nationals have contracted this disease as of 2010. Around 35 new cases are treated annually. The UAE has taken many steps to reduce the number of cases per year. The United Arab Emirates’s national HIV/AIDS-prevention strategy is in the early development stages, through the National Program for AIDS Control and Prevention has been in place since 1985.

    The United Arab Emirates has imposed HIV/AIDS travel restrictions on persons applying for a work or residence visa. An HIV/AIDS test is required for work or residence permits; testing must be performed after arrival. Anyone with medical insurance inside the country can have treatment for them, but only a citizen can get long-term treatment in the country. Migrant workers who are HIV positive are denied all medical care benefits, quarantined and subsequently deported. No laws are protecting the rights of a UAE national with the disease, and all expatriate workers must be tested for HIV/Aids before they are granted residency visas. Those who test positive must return to their home countries.

    There are many ways to help people who have contracted this disease. Some ways are to set up medical camps for free treatment and medicines for a lower price so citizens with a lower income could be able to afford it. Another way to help is to create specialized jobs for people who have this disease. Countries should also set up awareness camps, mainly focused on
    the younger population of the countries, to educate them on the effects of this disease.

    A law was proposed in 2008 that will ban discrimination, if it passes, against people with HIV/AIDS. This law, we believe will bring the people of UAE, regardless of the fact of them having the disease or not, closer and create a sense of unity. We hope that if other countries could also place laws like this that we could all have a sense of unity.

    The UAE will be glad to work with other countries to find a cure for HIV/AIDS and prevent people from contracting the disease.

  • avatar image
    Alex Verheek November 14, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Republic of South Africa
    Alex Verheek, Forest Hills Northern

    HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a disease that attacks T-helper cells (a type of white blood cell) and makes the human body more at risk to otherwise non-life threatening diseases and ailments. If HIV is untreated it will eventually progress into AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), the most severe stage of HIV. Although there is no cure for HIV, steps were taken by the medical field to reduce contamination of blood during blood transfusions and other medical procedures, and medicine to reduce the chance of infection for HIV-negative people (PReP) and treatment for those already infected (ART) can help people live with HIV. HIV has led to many epidemics across the world, notably in America during the 1980s, and Africa which is still facing difficulties today.

    The first official case of HIV in South Africa is reported in 1982, and in 1985 the first AIDS-related death was reported in South Africa. The African Research and Educational Puppetry Programme was founded in South Africa in 1987 in order to educate and prevent the spread of HIV in South Africa. Soul City is established in 1992. The SANHD reported that HIV infection had gone up 60% in 1993 from the previous two years and about 332,000 were infected nationally. Discrimination against people with HIV is made officially illegal in 1993. In 2003, about 5.3 million people in South Africa were living with HIV/AIDS. Also in 2003, the provision for free antiretroviral drugs in public hospitals. As of 2017, South Africa has an approximated 18.8% of adults infected and 7.2 million living with HIV/AIDS (Largest in the world). About 111,000 AIDS-related deaths occurred in 2017.

    As the country with the largest amount of adults affected with HIV/AIDS, South Africa continues to be dedicated to the eradication of HIV/AIDS. South Africa believes that education on as well as drugs such as PReP, ART, and other antiretroviral drugs should be made more available to those at risk and suffering from HIV/AIDS. South Africa is looking to continue to move forward with MDG 6, as well as the administration of HIV/AIDS and contraceptive education to more at-risk and lower class citizens and to make testing for HIV/AIDS more widely available to these groups.

  • Audrey7wong
    Audrey7wong November 14, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Côte d’Ivoire
    Audrey Wong
    Saginaw Arts and Sciences Academy

    HIV/AIDS is a major problem worldwide. In Côte d’Ivoire, there were about 290,000 children that were orphaned due to AIDS in 2017. The prevalence for ages 15-49 as of 2017 was 2.8%. About 21,000 people died from a cause of AIDS in 2017. With Cote d’Ivoire being the most affected country in West Africa, we would be greatly affected by the possible discovery of a cure for HIV/AIDS. We would like to spread more awareness of this disease and where to go to test for it and how treatment would work. We also believe that we should all work together to conduct more research to look for possible cures for this disease.
    Our country is greatly affected by HIV/AIDS, and we believe that it is very devastating and that we should do all that we can to put a stop to it. We as a country would like to promote the idea of more research. As of February of 2017, we started to offer antiretroviral treatment for all people who tested HIV-positive. We are also working to educate our citizens, including men, so that violence against women is lessened. Also, we are working to educate out citizens on HIV/AIDS so that they can get tested and we can prevent more premature deaths of our citizens.
    Currently, there is no known cure for HIV/AIDS. We believe that we should conduct more research to look for possible cures for this disease. This would involve asking other countries to cooperate with us and come together to come up with a solution. We also promote the idea of educating citizens on this issue, and encourage other countries to do the same. This would include publishing articles on social media or even holding community classes to educate citizens on this concept of HIV/AIDS.

  • JazmineIKnight
    JazmineIKnight November 14, 2018 Reply

    WHO
    HIV/AIDS
    South Korea
    Jazmine Knight
    City High School

    HIV is a virus that can be spread by body fluids that attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells, often called T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and disease which makes it very dangerous and can be fatal.

    South Korea acknowledges AIDS/HIV as a huge issue and is very dangerous and possibly attributed to foreigners or immigration but have little to no evidence. Overall south Korea views that by raising awareness domestically people can make safer choices and become more comfortable with being tested or treated.

    South Korea believes that world health organization should allocate resourced into more education and acceptance of HIV/AIDS as awareness could cause a better understanding and acceptance for preventative measures for fatality and increase treatment.

  • PeteG
    PeteG November 14, 2018 Reply

    MUN GLIMUN
    WHO – HIV/AIDS
    Peter Giftos
    Chile
    Situation
    HIV/AIDS is a vile disease that affects nearly 61,000 citizens of Chile as of 2016, and we believe no human being should undergo the pain that HIV/AIDS exerts. Chile will and has engaged in movements to fight this disease such as implementing pre natal care policies to prevent infants from contracting HIV/AIDS from their mothers, and updating treatment regulations in order to provide access of medicine to our citizens. The HIV epidemic is one that cannot be ignored and must be approached with extreme urgency, to support this HIV infections have increased by 35% as of 2010, which is an alarming number and cannot be suppressed. Chile prioritizes the safeguard of children from the virus, and has to educate them about the dangers of the virus. Although these recent movements with antiretroviral therapy has helped, there are still area to improve such as sex education and availability to get tested. As Carmen Castillo Taucher states, “We are constantly updating our response to the AIDS epidemic, depending on the reality that we see in the country. We have made important gains on health, but there are still some aspects that we believe should be strengthened, such as prevention”.

    Solution
    The Untied Nations program on HIV/AIDS is a helpful asset, but nations must adopt a regime in which they administer antiretroviral therapy, offer voluntary testing, and facilitate mandatory sexual education classes. We understand that some countries may have limited resources to accomplish these tasks, so they first must set currency aside to treat their desperate civilians who direly need medicine, then they must prioritize educating sexually active people in order to contain the disease and hopefully eradicate it. To achieve containment in countries with limited resources, nations must apply domestic funding. We can learn how to diminish the virus from countries such as Thailand, in which they campaigned for sexual protection, or Uganda’s significant decrease in HIV cases through their education tactics.

    Works Cited
    “Chile.” UNAIDS, 6 July 2017, http://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/chile.

    “Latin American and Caribbean Countries Endorse Bold Commitments.” UNAIDS, 6 July 2017, http://www.unaids.org/en/resources/presscentre/featurestories/2017/july/20170706_ewec.

    “Mayors of Santiago and Buenos Aires Pledge to Accelerate the AIDS Response in Their Cities.” UNAIDS, 16 Sept. 2015, http://www.unaids.org/en/resources/presscentre/featurestories/2015/september/20150916_mayors.

    “Chile Continues to Make Progress on Stopping New HIV Infections among Children.” UNAIDS, 9 Sept. 2015, http://www.unaids.org/en/resources/presscentre/featurestories/2015/september/20150909_chile.

    “AHF Chile – HIV/AIDS Testing – AIDS Healthcare Foundation.” AHF, 2016, http://www.aidshealth.org/global/chile/.

    Bertozzi, Stefano. “HIV/AIDS Prevention and Treatment.” Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports., U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1 Jan. 1970, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK11782/.
    “Problems and Solutions Overview.” GiveWell, http://www.givewell.org/archive/2008/saving-lives-in-africa/problems-and-solutions#HIVAIDS.

  • avatar image
    Alex Verheek November 14, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Republic of South Africa
    Alex Verheek, Forest Hills Northern

    HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a disease that attacks T-helper cells (a type of white blood cell) and makes the human body more at risk to otherwise non-life threatening diseases and ailments. If HIV is untreated it will eventually progress into AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), the most severe stage of HIV. Although there is no cure for HIV, steps were taken by the medical field to reduce contamination of blood during blood transfusions and other medical procedures, and medicine to reduce the chance of infection for HIV-negative people (PReP) and treatment for those already infected (ART) can help people live with HIV. HIV has led to many epidemics across the world, notably in America during the 1980s, and Africa which is still facing difficulties today.

    The first official case of HIV in South Africa is reported in 1982, and in 1985 the first AIDS-related death was reported in South Africa. The African Research and Educational Puppetry Programme was founded in South Africa in 1987 in order to educate and prevent the spread of HIV in South Africa. Soul City is established in 1992. The SANHD reported that HIV infection had gone up 60% in 1993 from the previous two years and about 332,000 were infected nationally. Discrimination against people with HIV is made officially illegal in 1993. In 2003, about 5.3 million people in South Africa were living with HIV/AIDS. Also in 2003, the provision for free antiretroviral drugs in public hospitals. As of 2017, South Africa has an approximated 18.8% of adults infected and 7.2 million living with HIV/AIDS (Largest in the world). About 111,000 AIDS-related deaths occurred in 2017.

    As the country with the largest amount of adults affected with HIV/AIDS, South Africa continues to be dedicated to the eradication of HIV/AIDS. South Africa believes that education on as well as drugs such as PReP, ART, and other antiretroviral drugs should be made more available to those at risk and suffering from HIV/AIDS. South Africa is looking to continue to move forward with MDG 6, as well as the administration of HIV/AIDS and contraceptive education to more at-risk and lower class citizens and to make testing for HIV/AIDS more widely available to these groups.

  • Shirahaus
    Shirahaus November 15, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Russian Federation
    Shira Haus

    Since the HIV/AIDS crisis of the 1980s, the disease has spread rapidly across the globe. If left untreated, HIV causes AIDS, which weakens the immune system, leaves people unable to function, and has, so far, killed millions of people. HIV can be transmitted through unprotected sex and unsafe drug injections, and although treatment is available in many places, no cure has been found. Most cases today can be found in sub-Saharan Africa and South Africa, including millions of children. In this committee, the WHO’s responsibilities include ensuring the availability of HIV testing and treatment, monitoring the spread of HIV, and providing solutions without infringing on national sovereignty.
    The Russian Federation is committed to halting the spread of the disease, and has already implemented out numerous programs to combat HIV. Working with the World Bank, Russia established a fund to fight the spread of HIV and AIDS domestically. In 2016, the Russian Federation achieved a 98% success rate in halting the transmission of HIV from mother to child. Moscow hosted the 6th International Eastern Europe and Central Asia AIDS conference just a few months ago, showing Russia’s ongoing commitment to protect the lives and health of those with HIV/AIDS. Russia also has a close relationship with South Africa, one of the most HIV-ridden countries, as part of BRICS. BRICS has displayed a strong commitment to HIV and AIDS prevention and research, and Russia plans to work with other BRICS members in committee to find a solution that helps South Africa.
    The Russian Federation encourages debate and solutions that promote values of mutual respect, equity, and non-direct interference in domestic affairs. Interventions within high-risk sections of the population have been lauded as a greatly effective measure, reducing transmission to low-risk groups and limiting the spread of disease. A step that should absolutely not be considered in this committee is greater sex education. Sex is one of the primary factors in the HIV epidemic, and sex education will only encourage it, worsening the problem. This committee should not force a one-size-fits-all approach towards any involved country. Instead, we must incorporate advanced technology into prevention programs, advance epidemic control, monitor the spread of HIV, expand medical and social support for people living with HIV, improve treatment quality, and invest in further research. At this point, education, testing, and prevention of HIV are the most important measures on which this committee should focus. The Russian Federation believes that policies similar to ours could work effectively in other countries affected by the HIV epidemic, and looks forward to working multilaterally towards a solution. However, the Russian Federation strongly urges the committee to be cautious in imposing restrictions and solutions in other countries, as the committee’s jurisdiction only extends so far. The lives and health of millions are at risk, and we must keep that in mind as we work towards a solution.

  • Max
    Max November 15, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    State of Japan
    Max VanderMei
    The HIV/AIDS epidemic is slowly shifting towards the east. Cases of HIV/AIDS in Japan have been on a dramatic incline since 1985. Japan believes that this increase in infection rate is a grave danger to the Japanese population. the Japanese Government has donated over US$313 million to the Global Fund. The Demographics of the disease have slowly shifted towards the east and Japan has reacted accordingly. While we have not been as affected as nations like South Africa or Nigeria, Japan would like to stop the crisis before it hits the japanese with its full force.
    Both Japan and the world are in grave danger as long as HIV remains at large.
    The State of Japan strongly advises the Nations of the UN to increase funding to the World Health Organization in order to support their effort to raise awareness and find a cure. WHO has stunning leaps forward in the Treatment of HIV, and we have come very close to a cure, but we need to raise awareness in Africa. HIV has also not gotten the coverage it deserves, in media in developed nations where it is not as much of a threat, diseases like Ebola and Influenza get far more coverage than HIV, even though Ebola has an incredibly low infection rate relative to HIV.
    The State of Japan Believes that finding a cure is of utmost importance, although a secondary priority should be placed on not only raising awareness for the disease but teaching and providing prevention treatments and classes, especially in disease prone areas. The State of Japan believes this is the best way to move forward.

  • Xochitl
    Xochitl November 15, 2018 Reply

    World Health Organization
    HIV/AIDS
    Germany
    Xochitl Robertson

    HIV/AIDS is a disease that has been allowed to spread through ignorance and fear. Ignorance about the disease has resulted in the fear of admitting one has it, fear to seek treatment, and fear of others which has caused the isolation, hatred, and discrimination of groups of people. This is in fact the greatest factor in the spread of this disease. With as much progress that has been made in medicine to treat HIV/AIDS, it means little if people are too scared to seek and receive it.
    The delegation of Germany believes that to help in this global crisis, cooperation needs to be had in making information about HIV/AIDS widely available and treatments accessible.

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